Great Artists of the Renaissance
Renaissance Artists • wanted their subjects to be realistic • Focused on humanity and emotion • Used new techniques • Sculptured emphasized realism and the human form • Architecture reached new heights of design
New Techniques Frescos Perspective Making distant objects appear smaller than those close to the viewer Made scenes appear 3-D • Painting done on wet plaster • Gave depth to paintings
Filippo Brunelleschi • Created a dome in Florence- il duomo • Modeled after the Pantheon Il duomo Pantheon
Leonardo daVinci • Renaissance genius • Considered himself a painter, but he was also a sculptor, architect, and engineer • Sketched nature • Dissected corpses to learn how the human body works
A sample of daVinci’s anatomy sketches
daVinci’s famous paintings Mona Lisa- portrait of a woman whose mysterious smile has baffled people for centuries Is daVinci Mona Lisa?
The Last Supper A masterpiece of perspective
Michelangelo Buonarroti • Sculptor, engineer, painter, architect, poet • Called a “meloncholy genius”- his work reflects his many life long spiritual struggles
The Sistine Chapel • Took four years to complete • Commissioned by Pope Julius II
Raphael • Admired for his talent and his sweet and gracious nature • Studied great masters, but developed his own style • Famous work: School of Athens • Imaginary gathering of great thinkersand scientists (Plato, Aristotle, Socrates to name a few) • He included himself in the picture along with Michelangelo and daVinci
The School of Athens Raphael in the back
The Renaissance moves North • Began in the region of Flanders(France, Belgium, Netherlands) • Flanders was a thriving center of trade for Northern Europe • From Flanders, the Renaissance spread to Spain, France, Germany, and England
Jan van Eyck • One of the most important Flemish painters • Used rich, realistic detail in his works Portrait of Giovanni Arnolfini and His Wife
“Leonardo of the North” • Albrecht Durer- traveled to Italy to study Italian masters • Took these ideas and spread Renaissance techniques to Northern Europe • He applied his new knowledge of painting techniques to engraving • Engraving- etching a design on to a metal plate with acid
Durer’s nature paintings What other artist was interested in nature?