Download
g g f ux n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
g;g]{ /f]ux? PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
g;g]{ /f]ux?

g;g]{ /f]ux?

0 Vues Download Presentation
Télécharger la présentation

g;g]{ /f]ux?

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. g;g]{ /f]ux?

  2. k[i7e"ld • xfn laZjdf g;g]{ /f]ux? h:t} SofG;/, bd tyf hL0f{ Zjf;k|Zjf;, dw'd]x, d'6' /f]u cflb /f]u d[To'sf k|d'v sf/0fx? aGb} uPsf 5g . • laZjsf] s"n d[To' dWo] ^) k|ltzt jf # s/f]8 ^) nfv (36 million) JolQmx?sf] d[To' g;g]{ /f]usf] sf/0faf6 x'g] u/]sf] 5 h;df @ s/f]8 *) nfv (28 million) AolQmx? lgDg dWod auL{o cfo ePsf b]zsf JolQmx?sf] d[To' x'g] u/]sf] 5 .

  3. k[i7e"ld • ljZj :jf:Yo ;+u7gsf] Ps tYofÍ cg';f/ s"n d[To' dWo] blIf0f Plzofdf %$ k|ltzt / g]kfndf %! k|ltzt JolQmx?sf] g;g]{ /f]usf] sf/0fn] d[To' x'g] u/]sf] 5 . • ;"lt{sf] k|of]u, c:j:ys/ vfgf, zf/Ll/s cEof;sf] sdL / dlb/fsf] xflgsf/s k|of]u g;g]{ /f]usf k|d'v sf/s tTjx? x'g • w'd|kfg tyf ;"lt{sf] k|of]u g+= ! sf/s tTjsf] ?kdf b]lvPsf] 5 .

  4. d'6' /f]u

  5. kl/ro d'6'sf /f]ux? w]/} lsl;dsf 5g\ . k|To]s /f]usf nIf0fx? km/s km/s x'G5g\ . k|d'v nIf0fx? lgDgfg';f/ 5g\ M • 5ftLsf] aLr efudf b'Vg' • bd a9\g' • v'6\6fx? ;'lgg' • 3fF6Lsf] /QmgnL km'Ng' • cf]7, lha|f] / cf}nfsf 6'Kkfx? lgnf] x'g' • cf}nfsf 6'Kkfx? afSnf] / rfSnf] x'g'

  6. qmdz M • 6fpsf] b'Vg', rSs/ nfUg' • d'6'sf] w8sg /f]lsg' jf l56f] rNg' • vsf/df /ut b]vf kg'{ • Hff]gL{x? b'Vg', ;'lGgg' / Hj/f] cfpg' • xft, v'6\6fx?, cf]7 cflb clgolGqt ?kdf rNg'

  7. d'6'sf s]xL /f]ux? • hGdhft d'6'sf /f]ux? • Affy Hj/f] / afy d'6'sf] /f]u • pRr /Qmrfk • x[bo3ft

  8. d'6'sf] la/fdLnfO{ t'?Tt c:ktfn nfg' kg]{ cfktsfnLg ca:yfx? • 5ftLsf] lar efudf w]/} lk8f ePdf • bd w]/} a9\]df • d'6' w]/} l56f] jf w]/} 9Lnf] rNf]df • /Qmrfk w]/} a9\]df

  9. d'6'sf] /f]ux?sf] /f]syfd / lgoGq0fsf pkfox? • w'd|kfg, dBkfg TofUg] • df]6f]kgf lgoGq0f ug]{ • lgoldt?kdf Aofofd ug]{ • Vffglkgdf Wofg lbg] • k|z:t dfqfdf vfg x'g] vfB kbfy{x?M xl/of] t/sf/L, tfhf kmnkm'n, df5f • £o", t]n tyf lrNnf]sf] dfqf hlt ;Sof] sd k|of]u ug'{ plrt x'G5 . Vffgf ksfpgsf] nflu z'2 tf]/Lsf] t]n g} ;a} eGbf pQd x'G5 .

  10. qmdz • g'g b}lgs # b]lv % u|fd eGbf a9L k|of]u ug'{ x'b}g . g'g yk]/ vfg] afgL 5f]8\g' kb{5 . • Zffsfxf/L x'g' d'6'sf] nflu kmfObfhgs 5 . • dfgl;s tgfj /lxt x'g] k|of; ug'{ kb{5 . • aRrfx?nfO{ 3fF6L b'Vg], 6lG;n a9\g] ;d:of x'g] lalQs} t'?Gt :jf:YosdL{sf] ;Nnfx lng] .

  11. hLjgz}nLdf ;sf/fTds kl/jt{g u/L d'6'/f]usf] dxFuf] / hl6n pkrf/sf] ef/af6 arf}+ / arfcf}+ .

  12. SofG;/

  13. Kfl/ro • z/L/df clgolGqt ?kdf sf]ifx?sf] c;fdfGo j[l4 x'g'nfO{ SofG;/ elgG5 . • SofG;/df sf]ifsf] j[l4 tyf ljefhg cltzL3| / c;Lldt ?kdf x'g] ePsf]n] 5f]6f] ;dod} tL sf]ifx? 8Nnf]sf] ?kdf kl/0ft x'G5 .

  14. qmdz M • SofG;/ w]/} k|sf/sf x'G5g . • of] /f]u k|fozM a9L pd]/ ePsf JolQmx?df nfu]sf] kfOG5 . w]/} h;f] kmf]S;f], :tg, cfGb|f, kf7]3/, d"q y}nL, :j/oGq, cfdfzo, sn]hf], lkQy}nL cflbdf of] /f]u w]/} h;f] b]lvg] ub{5 .

  15. nIf0f tyflrGxx? • SofG;/ /f]u h'g c+udf x'G5 ;f]lx cg';f/sf] nIf0f / lrGx b]lvG5g . • z/L/sf c+ux?df luvf{ cyf{t df;'sf 8Nnfx? b]lvg', tL c+ux?sf] cfsf/ a9\b} hfg', tL c+ux?sf] sfo{ lzlyn x'Fb} hfg' • la/fdLx? b'Anfpb} hfg' • sdhf]/ x'g' • Tff}n 36\g' • sn]hf], kmf]S;f], kf7]3/ tyf cfdf;osf SofG;/df tL c+ux?n] ug]{ sfo{df km/s cfpg'

  16. SofG;/ x''g ;Sg] r]tfjgLsf lrGxx? • :tgdf uLvf{ jf ufF7f cfpg' • d';f jf sf]7Ldf kl/jt{g cfpg' • kfrglqmof / lb;f ug]{ afgLdf af/Djf/ kl/jt{g cfpg' • nfdf] ;do;Dd vf]sL nfUg' / :j/ kl/jt{g x'g' • dlxgfjf/Ldf w]/} /ut aUg' cyjf clgoldt /ut aUg' • cGo z/L/sf] efuaf6 clgoldt /ut aUg' • s'g} 3fp jf ;'hg lgsf] gx'g]

  17. /f]syfd • JolQmut :j:Yos/ afgLsf] ljsf; ug]{ h:t} M dBkfg, w'd|kfg, v}gL, ;'kf/L ;]jg gug]{ • rf]6k6s tyf 3fpsf] ;d'lrt pkrf/ ug]{ • slAhotsf] pkrf/ ;dod} ug]{ • lgoldt?kdf :jf:Yo k/LIf0f u/fpg] • jftfj/0fLo ;kmfOdf Wofg k'¥ofpg] • cfdfn] afnaflnsfnfO{ cfkm\g} b"w v'jfpg] • Aff;L tyf ;8]un]sf tyf /+uLg vfg]s'/fx? Gfvfg] • vfg]s'/fx? Kff]n]/ gvfg]

  18. dw'd]x

  19. kl/ro • dflg;sf] /utdf rLgLsf] dfqf cfjZos eGbf a9L eO{ lk;fa hfFr ubf{ lk;fadf klg lrgLsf] dfqf rflxg] eGbf a9L b]vf kg{'nfO{ dw'd]x /f]u elgG5 . • of] /f]unfO{ rLgL/f]u jf ;'u/ /f]u klg elgG5 . • of] /f]u ;?jf xf]Og t/ dflg;sf] cfkm\g} sf/0faf6 b]vfk5{ . • dw'd]x /f]u j+zf0f'ut klg x'g ;S5 .

  20. nIf0fx? dw'd]x /f]u nflu ;s]sf] ePklg ;'? ;'?df s'g} klg nIf0f tyf lrGxx? b]lvb}g . lk;fa cyjf /utdf rLgLsf] dfqf hfFr ugf{n] of] /f]u nfu]sf] kQf nfU5 . To;sf/0f lgoldt :jf:Yo kl/If0f ug{' nfebfos x'G5 . vf;u/L dw'd]x ePdf lgDg lnlvt nIf0f tyf lrGxx? b]lvG5g\ . • Hofbf ltvf{ nfUg' . • k6s k6s lk;fa x'g' . • lk;fasf] dfqf w]/} x'g' .

  21. qmdz • ;fljs cg';f/ vfgf vfg] t/ klg b'Jnfpb} hfg' . • vfgfdf ?lr a9\g' . • af/Daf/ 3fp vl6/f cfpg' / l56f] lgsf] gx'g' . • z/L/ laz]if u/L u'Ktf+u lrnfpg' . • a]xf]z x'g' . • xft uf]8f emdemdfpg' .

  22. dw'd]xsfc;/ • dflysf nIf0fx? b]vf k/]df lk;fasf] hfFr a]n}df u/fO{ pkrf/ k|lqmof z'? ug{' kb{5 . • /utdf rLgL w]/} ePdf jf sd ePdf klg dflg; a]xf]z x'g ;S5 . • dw'd]x /f]usf] pkrf/ a]n}df gu/]df 5fnf, d"qfzo, d[uf}nf ;DjGwL /f]ux? / x[bo /f]u, :gfo' / 5fnf ;DjGwL /f]ux?n] cfqmd0f ug{ ;S5g\ . To;}n] dw'd]x /f]usf] pkrf/ a]n}df ug{' kb{5 .

  23. la/fdLn] Wofg lbg' kg]{ s'/fx? dw'd]x /f]usf] pkrf/ lgDg cg';f/ ljleGg k|sf/n] ul/G5 . • vfgfdf lgoGq0f u/]/ . • vfg] cf}ifwLx?sf] k|of]u u/]/ . • OG;'lngsf] ;'O{ lnP/ . • dw'd]x /f]usf ljsf/x?sf] zNo lrlsT;f u/]/ .

  24. lgoldt Aofofd

  25. Jofofd ljlwM • 8fS6/ jf :jf:Yo sld{sf] ;Nnfx cg';f/sf Jofofdx? lgoldt ug'{ k5{ . xKtfdf sDtLdf % lbg, lbgsf] sDtLdf #) ldg]6 lgoldt lx+8g' jf rnfodfg vfnsf] Aofofd ug{' h?/L 5. • $) gf3]sf JolQmn] Jofofd a9fpg cl3 8fS6/sf] ;Nnfx lng kb{5.

  26. lgoldt Aofofdsf kmfObfx? • /dfOnf] x'G5 . • /fd|f] lgb|f k5{ . • :j:y / :km"t{ /fV5 . • lrGtf sd u/fp+5 . jf:tadf eGg] xf] eg] hLagsf] u'0f:t/ g} a9fOlbG5 .

  27. Dfw'd]xdf Aofofdsf] k|efasf/L e"ldsf • /utdf lrgLsf] dfqf lgolGqt x'G5 . • Df+fzk]zLx?df lrgLsf] ;b'kof]u x'G5 . Aofofdn] k]6sf] af];f] 36fp+5 .

  28. dw'd]x /f]uLn] cfkm\gf] vfgfaf/] yfxfkfO{ /fVg' kg{] h?/L s'/fx? dw'd]x /f]uLn] sfjf{]xfO8]«6o'Qm vfgf vfg' k/]df vfgfsf] dfqfdf Wofg lbg'k5{ . w]/} h;f] ;fdfGo lsl;dsf dw'd]x /f]uLx?n] lgDg k|sf/sf vfgfx? vfg ;lsG5 . • af];f] gePsf] df;' . • tfhf df5f . • tfhf ;fu;AhL, aGbf, sfpnL, sf+qmf], e06f, ;fu, uf]ne]8f, d'nf, ufh/, Kofh / tfhf kmnkm"n . • cldnf] crf/ . • emf]n jf ;"k . • g"g, v';f{gL, tf]/L .

  29. Dfw'd]x ePsf] AolQmn] lgDg k|sf/sf vfgfx? vfg x'+b}g • gf}gL cyjf £o" / af];f], ag:ktL £o", lrgL, hfd, ld7fO{, rsn]6 / sf]sfsf]nf, a6\fdf /fv]sf kmnkm"nx?, s]s, u'lnof] la:s'6, rLh vfg' x'b}g . • ;s];Dd s'g} lsl;dsf] dlb/fkfg gug'{ a]z x'G5 .

  30. g;g]{ /f]ux?sf] /f]syfd / lgoGq0fdf tkfO{sf] e"ldsf s] x'g ;S5 <

  31. wGoafb\ . wGoafb