UNIVERSIDAD NACIONAL MAYOR DE SAN MARCOS FACULTAD DE EDUCACIÓN PROGRAMA DE LICENCIATURA PARA PROFESORES SIN TÍTULO PEDAGÓGICO EN LENGUA EXTRANJERA • Quispe Huayta, Mirardo • Orellana Zevallos ,Omar enrique • Noriega Barrena ,María Antonieta
The American Revolution: 1775-1783
The history of the American Revolution, it is the story of how the 13 British colonies in America became independent of Great Britain during the period 1775 to 1783, giving birth to a new nation: The United States of America.
This revolution consisted in two events: the War of Independence between 1775 and 1783 The formation of a government stipulated in the Constitution of the United States in 1787.
SECTION IMAGES The 13 American colonies The colonial revolt The war of independence Organization of the united states • Boycotting British Goods • Battle of Lexington • Attack on Bunker’s Hill, with the Burning of Charleston QUICK FACTS MAPS • Tar And Feather • The Boston Tea Party (1773) • The Boston Massacre (March 5,1770) • Tensions Between Britain And America, 1765–1775 • Strengths And Weaknesses Of The Continental And British Armies • Declaration Of Independence • Visual Summary: The Revolutionary Era • The 13 American colonies • The battle of Yorktown VIDEO • Briefly history of America
IMPORTANTFACTS • The Minutemen • Bunker Hill • The Second Congress and The Hessianos • The Common Sense and The Declaration of The Independence • Famous People
THE MINUTEMEN They were: • Members of teams of select men from The American Colonial militia during The American Revolutionary War. • They were called like this because they´re ready to fight in one minute. • Their teams were about a quarter of the entire militia. • Paul Revere transmitted information about British Regular (soldiers) were coming out. After Revere was captured before completing his mission when British marched toward the arsenal in Lexington and Concord to collect the weapon. • The Minutemen were the first armed militia to arrive or await a battle.
In addition… • Minutemen participated in many battles like in Massachusetts during the mid – seventeenth century, French and Indian was in the 1750´s which Minutemen also played a role. • Minutemen had been a well – trained force for six generations in the Massachusetts Bay Colony. • Unfortunately, The Minutemen lacked was central leadership.
BUNKER HILL • It occurred on the Charlestown Peninsula on the North side of Boston Harbour. • In this battle was British troops of the Boston Garrison against troops of the American Continental Army. • The generals were Major General Howe against General Artemas Ward and General Israel Putnam • The size of the armies were 2,400 British Troops against 1,500 Americans. • The Americans lost many men in the battle. • Bunker Hill was the start of a journey in military education. • British forces are portrayed as more competent and disciplined.
THE SECOND CONGRESS AND THE HESSIANOS • The Second Continental Congress and The Hessianos had a meeting in Philadelphia in May, 1775. • The Congress vote in favor of asking each colony. • George Washington was chosen commandant of the new army. • The American army invaded Canada and try Quebec, but lost. • George King hired soldiers from Germany Hesse • The British payedHesse Prince $500,000 of year, more $35 for each death of Hesse and $12 for each hurted.
THE COMMON SENSE AND THE DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE • In January 1776, an English called Thomas Paine published a small book. • This book was Common Sense, which affirmed Jorge III had a bad government and The United States of America should be an independent country. • The Second Congress Continental had a meeting in 1776, they agree The United States of America should get its independence. • In June 7th the expedition get an important aspect about Richard Henry Lee from Virginia who said to American should break any relation with England.
There was a committee which were: John Adams (Massachusetts), Ben Flanklin (Pennsylvania), Roger Sherman (Connecticut), Thomas Jefferson (Virginia) and Robert Livingston (Nueva York). • Jefferson worked in the Declaration of Independence during three weeks, on Friday 28th The Declaration was read in the congress. • The Declaration was accepted by The Second Continental Congress, fifty six men signed The Declaration, The first who signed was John Hancock. • The Declaration of Independence shows England and other countries that Americans are decided to became an independent nation.
FAMOUS PEOPLE • Nathan Hole was a teacher from south school of Coventry, Connecticut. • Nathan Hole got information and put it inside his shoe. • He portrayed a Dutch teacher to get information. • Nathan Hole was the first American who was captured by British people because he was a spy during The Revolution and he was hanged in September 22nd 1776. • Other famous women during The American Revolution were: Abigail Adams, Lydia Darragn, MaríaPickersgill, Anne Bailey, María Goddard de Katherine, Deborah Sampson, Margaret Corbin, Sybil Ludington, Philis Wheatley.
There were a variety of religions in the colonies.Its economy was based on agriculture (the Trading activity was very important) The society was essentially rural, more equal in the North and most aristocratic in the South, but prevailed in general a large middle class.Three-quarters of the inhabitants were black people.Political organization of the 13 colonies: 1 - Governor (appointed by the English crown)2 - Assembly (legislative function)3 - Council (appointed by the Governor)
The rebellion of the 13 American Colonies against Great Britain was due to defend their interests harmed by the colonial policy of George III.The British government following its victory in the Seven Years War (1756-1763) due to colonial rivalries with France and Spain, the settlers decided to impose new taxes and direct taxes (on paper or stamp seal and sugar) to cover expenses incurred by the war, as the colonies were the main beneficiaries of it.
The colonies rejected these laws because they did not have any votes nor representatives in Parliament in London, it was not approved by the colonial assemblies.In 1765. they disagreed with British and refused to import British goods, making the stamp abolish the law.In 1767, Parliament set charges on paper, lead, glass and tea. The colonial bourgeoisie turned back to the boycott and all taxes were abolished except the one on tea.
TAR AND FEATHER • “The Sons of Liberty ” used violence to scare off the tax collectors. • The Stamp Act was repealed (to do away with) because of all the protests.
The Boston Massacre (March 5,1770) Colonial men were shouting insults at the British soldiers. They started throwing things, probably snow balls and rocks. Five colonists were killed. These were the first Americans killed in the War for Independence. Samuel Adams started calling the incident the Boston Massacre. He used the incident to get more people angry at the British.
In 1773, the colonies protested that the Government had granted the East India Company a monopoly on the sale of tea.In the port of Boston (Mass.) unknown assailants disguised as Indians took the cargo of tea from the ships of the Company. • British responded in 1774 by closing the port as a punitive measure against the inhabitants of the colony of Massachusetts, but this raised anger to new riots and the beginning of the war.
THE BOSTON TEA PARTY • Parliament began taxing tea. Tea was the most important beverage in the colonies. • The colonists decided to boycott all British tea. • Colonists dressed up like Mohawk Indians and boarded three British ships full of tea. • The colonists dumped all the tea into the harbor, about 90,000 pounds.
Congress in 1787 drafted the first written constitution in history to change the political system.The new state would have a federal structure. Each state had its own government, who could make decisions on certain issues (police, health, education, justice ...) and above them was a strong federal government, responsible foreign policy, defense, trade, taxes and currency of the country .The Constitution established a republican form of government and ensured the separation and balance of powers (executive, legislative and judicial). George Washington was elected first president of the United States of America.
The American Revolution is the first example of a successful revolution based on the principles of political liberalism which explains what explains their impact on the rest of the world, in Europe inspired the revolutionary struggle of the bourgeoisie.
Internet Link About The American Revolution • http://www.rockingham.k12.va.us/EMS/RevWar/AmRevolution.htm • http://www.edtech.kennesaw.edu/web.amrevol.html • http://www.theamericanrevolution.org/index.htm • http://www.pbs.org/ktca/liberty/ • http://portales.educared.net/wikiEducared/index.php?title=La_independencia_de_las_colonias_americanas.