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Designers and designing

Designers and designing

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Designers and designing

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  1. Designers and designing

  2. Exam expectations Issues associated with how we design and famous designers are regularly tested in the written paper.

  3. Empirical designing • Trial and error designing • Modelling most likely route Dyson use modelling and testing as their preferred method of designing

  4. Intuitive designing • Sum of past knowledge • Often very specialised areas

  5. Systematic designing • Separate discreet stages • Sub-systems often dealt with by others • Teamwork most common

  6. Where do we get new ideas? • Nature • Geometry/mathematics • The man-made world • Other designers • Other products Rarely from looking at a piece of blank paper!

  7. Nature • Patterns and texture • Structure and form • Colour

  8. Observational work of plants Designers such as William Morris have used detailed drawings of plants to create new designs

  9. Looking at anatomy George Carwardine designed the first Anglepoise lamp in the 1930s based upon how the human arm works

  10. Geometry & mathematics Geometry and mathematics is all around us

  11. Islamic design • Mathematics is a strong influence • Based on grid patterns

  12. Celtic design • Still a popular influence today • Based on geometric grids

  13. Fibonacci series • A series of numbers to create well proportioned rectangles • 1,2,3,5,8,13,21,34,55,89 • Any adjacent numbers

  14. Geometric form • Particularly used in architecture and some domestic products

  15. Grids • Often the starting point for textile designs

  16. Geodesic domes • Very strong structures based on geometric shapes

  17. Existing products • Which came first? Ideas are often developed from existing products

  18. Retro design • Modern products based on styling from the past

  19. Design Icons Classic design • Innovative • Often copied

  20. Philippe Starck • Often unusual • Always fun • Not always practical

  21. James Dyson • Best known for the innovative cleaners • Strong use of colour and form

  22. Jonathan Ive • Senior VP at Apple • Innovative styling and micro electronics

  23. Robin Day • World’s best selling chair • Developed polypropylene moulding techniques

  24. Mary Quant • Led the sixties look • Short skirts • Geometric designs

  25. Philip Treacy • Unusual forms

  26. Richard Sapper • High Tech • Post Modernism

  27. Giorgio Armani • Softer suits • Lightweight fabrics • Well tailored

  28. Charles Rennie Mackintosh • Mix of geometry and stylised natural form

  29. Vernon Panton • Exciting plastic furniture

  30. Henry Beck • London Underground map • Format copied around the world

  31. Arne Jacobsen • Futuristic at the time • Laminated plywood

  32. Design movements • Arts & Crafts movement • Art Nouveau • Art Deco • Bauhaus • De Stijl • Modernism • Memphis • Post Modernism

  33. Art Nouveau • Nature a strong influence

  34. Art Deco • Geometry a strong influence • High glamour

  35. Bauhaus • First real attempt to train product designers • Form follows function

  36. De Stijl • Absolute abstraction • Simple slabs • Primary colours, black & white

  37. Memphis • Surface pattern • Strong colours • Rebellion

  38. Market Pull • The market place creates consumer demand • Sometimes the demand is created by the manufacturers

  39. Technology Push • R&D labs are constantly developing new technologies • Scientists often provide the driving force behind new products