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“ YOUNG PEOPLE AT RISK ” Academia Programme Estonia, 23th-27th April 2012 PowerPoint Presentation
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“ YOUNG PEOPLE AT RISK ” Academia Programme Estonia, 23th-27th April 2012

“ YOUNG PEOPLE AT RISK ” Academia Programme Estonia, 23th-27th April 2012

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“ YOUNG PEOPLE AT RISK ” Academia Programme Estonia, 23th-27th April 2012

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  1. “YOUNG PEOPLE AT RISK”Academia ProgrammeEstonia, 23th-27th April 2012 MARTA SÁNCHEZ GARCÍA Reinosa, Cantabria (Spain)

  2. A PERSPECTIVE OF MEASURES IN SECONDARY SCHOOL IN SPAIN Reinosa, Cantabria, 2012 Young people at risk PROGRAMMES AND OTHER IDEAS FROM CANTABRIA, SPAIN

  3. OBJECTIVES: • To show theeducationsystem in Spain and in Cantabria. • Tofocusonthelevelswherethemajority of youngpeople at risk are • Toreflecttheaims and perspectives of twospecificProgrammes: PCPI (First Professional Training Programme) and COMPENSATORIA • Tounderlinethemainproblemsthatyoungpeople at riskhavetofacenowadays

  4. CONTENTS: • Spain , Cantabria and Reinosa: map of location&pictures • Theeducationsystem in Spain&Cantabria • Where I work: MONTESCLAROS HighSchool • Reasonswhysomeyoungpeople are at risk • Whatisbeing done fromeducationalsystem • Whatisbeing done at my HighSchool • COMPENSATORIA • PCPI (First Professional Training Programmes) • Otheractivitiesthat can be done withstudents

  5. WHERE ARE WE?... Cantabria in Europe Cantabria region

  6. SOME FACTS ABOUT REINOSA AND CAMPÓO VALLEY We are in the South of Cantabria, in a mountainousarea (858m above sea level)butnotfarfromthe sea There are 12.000 inhabitants in Reinosa It´san industrial area (withtwomainfactories in which a greatnumber of workersfromtheareahavetheir regular job)withanimportant natural environment as well as cultural and artisticalheritage Reinosa isthe capital of differentvalleyswithsmall and sometimesisolatedvillages.

  7. SOME IMAGES OF OUR LAND…Thetown (Reinosa)

  8. …and itstraditions….

  9. ….ourmountains….

  10. …and thevalley…

  11. MONTESCLAROS HighSchoolwww.iesmontesclaros.es

  12. THE EDUCATION SYSTEM • THE SPANISH EDUCATION SYSTEM…. • IS DEFINED BY THE MINISTRY OF EDUCATION AND SCIENCE • HAS A UNIFORM STRUCTURE ALL OVER THE COUNTRY • HOWEVER, EVERY AUTONOMOUS REGION (Cantabria amongthem) DEVELOPS AND FITS THIS STRUCTURE TO ITS OWN PARTICULAR NEEDS

  13. THE EDUCATION SYSTEM • Tosimplify, we can divide theeducationoffersintothreelargesections: • COMPULSORY EDUCATION • NON-COMPULSORY EDUCATION • SPECIALISED EDUCATION (Fine Arts&Languages) • In Cantabria, theauthority in charge of theEducationSystemisthe County EducationDepartment (Consejería de Educación)

  14. COMPULSORY EDUCATION Appliestoages 6-16 1) PRIMARY SCHOOL (6-12)) -- Dividedintosixcourses 2) COMPULSORY SECONDARY EDUCATION (12-16) -- Dividedintofourcourses. In everycoursethere are commoncompulsorysubjects as well as optionalsubjects

  15. (CompulsorySecondaryEducation-ESO) Afterpassingallthesubjects, thestudentisawardedwiththe SECONDARY EDUCATION DEGREE. Thisallowshim/herto…. Continuehisstudies….A) With MEDIUM GRADE VOCATIONAL, or B) With BACHILLERATO. Orstartworking (thisisthebasicdegreeforenteringtheworkforce).

  16. NON-COMPULSORY EDUCATION • Istheeducationofferedbefore and afterthecompulsoryschooling • 1) Before: PRE-SCHOOL EDUCATION (ages 2-6) • 2) After: • BACHILLERATO • VOCATIONAL TRAINING • UNIVERSITY

  17. (Non-compulsoryeducation) • BACHILLERATO • Qualificationforuniversityaccess, orfortheHigher Grade of Vocational Training. • Duration of twoacademicyears . • There are threetypes: Arts, Science and Technology and Humanities and Social Sciences. • UNIVERSITY • Access isgrantedafterpassingtheadmission test (Selectividad). A Bachillerato degreeisalsorequired. • Access isalsograntedtograduates of Higher Grade Vocational Training and tothosewhopass and admission test forapplicantsolderthan 25 yearsold.

  18. VOCATIONAL TRAINING (Formación Profesional) THE MEDIUM GRADE (Grado Medio)can beaccessedwiththeSecondaryEducationDegree (16 yearsold) , orthroughanexam. THE HIGHER GRADE (Grado Superior) can beaccessedafterfinishing Bachillerato (18 yearsold), orthroughanexam. Everycoursesprovidesspecialised training for a veryspecificcareer. Theduration of everycoursevariesbetweenone and a half and twoacademicyears. At theend of theirperiod at school, theyhave 3 monthpractice in a real company.

  19. STUDENTS WITH SPECIAL NEEDS • In oureducationsystem, weunderstandthateverystudent, anymomentduringhis/herschooltime, mayneed more helpthan usual toachievehis/herobjectives in school. • Somemeasuresfortheseneedsmaybe: totake extra lessons, tolearn in samllergroups, etc . • Butsometimesstudentshaveeven more specific needs, such as hendicappedstudents, students whohavejoinedschoolvery late orstudentswho don´tspeakSpanish. COMPENSATORIA and PCPI are considered as some of thespecificProgrammestotakecare of thesestudentswhohavespecialneeds in thesensethattheyhaven´tachievedyetthegoals of compulsoryeducation in the “normal way”. Thus, they are considered as YOUNG PEOPLE AT RISK.

  20. REASONS WHY SOME YOUNG PEOPLE ARE AT RISK • General reasons: badeconomicsituation, economic crisis, veryhighunemployementrates, especiallyamongyoungpeople (more than 50%). • Social and familyreasons: defavorisedbackgrounds, rural areaswithfewoportunities, low cultural level. • Geographic and cultural reasons: isolation of somevillages, importance of veryspecificprofessionalareas. • Schoolreasons: integrationdifficulties, bullying. • Personal reasons: lack of motivation, lowself-steem, difficulties in learning, badcompanies, alcohol, drugs.

  21. COMPENSATORIA Programme • ThisisanextraordinaryProgrammethatmaybedeveloppedby a HighSchool in case there are studentswhohaveallthefollowingconditions: • Families&backgrounds in social disadvantage • Seriousrisk of dropout, non-attendancetoschool and/or social exclusion • Tohaveanacademicdelay of at leasttwoyears • Tohavepreviouslyreceivedordinarymeasuresthathadn´tbeenenoughtocompensatehis/herdifficulties

  22. (Compensatoria Programme) Thendifferentstepshavetobefollowed, such as Psicopedagogicalevaluation of thestudent (bytheGuidanceDepartment), informationtofamilies, as well as positive reportbytheEducationalInspectionService. The target group are 1st and 2nd courses of CompulsorySecondaryEducation.

  23. (COMPENSATORIA Programme): WHAT DOES THE PROGRAMME CONSIST OF? • Thestudentscreateanspecificgroup (8-12 studentsnormally) forsomesubjects, (Language, Maths…) plus 1hour of specific tutorial activities, as well as social and emotionalskillsworkshop. (21 hours) • They are withthe general groupfortherest of thesubjects,(Music, Technology. (9 hours) • These 21 hours are organised in a differentwaythan normal, bycreating global groups of learning (Social and LanguageArea, Maths and Sciencearea), using a more global approachtosubjects, as well as adaptedmaterials, methodology and strategies. • Theytendto do more teamwork, as well as projectworking. • Evaluationisalsoadapted, itis a continuous and formativeprocess.

  24. (COMPENSATORIA Programme) Theyalsohavesomekind of workshop, withpracticaljobmainly, whichisveryimportantfortheirmotivation. Theschool can chooseamongmanydifferentitems: computers, gardening, car repairing…

  25. COMPENSATORIA Programme: summarisingthemainobjectives Toavoidtheirdropout. Fromthesystem. Toimprovetheirlearning as well as social and affectiveskills. Tofavorisetheiracademicprogressthroughdifferentmethods of teaching. Topermittheirintegration in theeducationsystem, eitherthrough a “DIVERSIFICACIÓN Programme”(similar structureto Compensatoria butfor 3rd and 4th year of CompulsoryEducation) or PCPI (First Professional Training Programmes).

  26. FIRST PROFESSIONAL TRAINING PROGRAMMES (PCPI) • Target group: youngpeoplebetweentheage of 16 and 20 whodidnotachievetheSecondaryEducationDegree. • Objective of theprogramme: toprovidethesestudentswith a basic and professional training whichallowsthemtoeitherjointheworkforceortobeghinfurtherstudies. • Onfinishingtheprogramme, the centre willissue a certificatewheretheamount of hours and theobtainedqualificationswillbeshown. • Thiscertificategivesaccesstojobmarket and toMedium-Grade Vocational Training afterpassinganaccess test.

  27. FIRST PROFESSIONAL TRAINING PROGRAMMES (PCPI)

  28. FIRST PROFESSIONAL TRAINING PROGRAMMES (PCPI) • OBJECTIVES: • Topreventdrop-out and non-attendance. • To look for a differentway of obtainingtheGraduate in SecondaryEducationforthosestudentswhohaven´tachieved at first. • Tomotivatethrough a professionalapproach, thosestudentswhodidn ´t findtheattractive in the normal system. • To prepare studentseithertoworkortocontinuestudies in Vocational Training.

  29. Workshops of PCPI (First Professional Training Programmes)

  30. Workshops of PCPI (First Professional Training Programmes)

  31. “THE BOOK WEEK”, toencouragethemtoreaddifferenttypes of books and gettinginvolved in theschoollibrary……

  32. OTHER COMPLEMENTARY ACTIVITIES (ORGANISED BY THE DIFFERENT DEPARTMENTS, IN COOPERATION WITH THE GUIDANCE DEPARTMENT)Informationabouthowtocreateyourownbusinessorhowtogoabroad….

  33. …SHOWING OUR WORKSHOPS, tostudents, parents and community in general…

  34. …and othervariedactivitiessuch as preparingfoodforstudents and teacherstocelebratetheend of accademicyear!!

  35. SOME WEB PAGES WE NORMALLY USE www.educantabria.es www.jovenamnia.com www.empleacantabria.com http://www.facebook.com/#!/profile.php?id=100000203513036

  36. …..THANK YOU VERY MUCH!