“YOUNG PEOPLE AT RISK”Academia ProgrammeEstonia, 23th-27th April 2012 MARTA SÁNCHEZ GARCÍA Reinosa, Cantabria (Spain)
A PERSPECTIVE OF MEASURES IN SECONDARY SCHOOL IN SPAIN Reinosa, Cantabria, 2012 Young people at risk PROGRAMMES AND OTHER IDEAS FROM CANTABRIA, SPAIN
OBJECTIVES: • To show theeducationsystem in Spain and in Cantabria. • Tofocusonthelevelswherethemajority of youngpeople at risk are • Toreflecttheaims and perspectives of twospecificProgrammes: PCPI (First Professional Training Programme) and COMPENSATORIA • Tounderlinethemainproblemsthatyoungpeople at riskhavetofacenowadays
CONTENTS: • Spain , Cantabria and Reinosa: map of location&pictures • Theeducationsystem in Spain&Cantabria • Where I work: MONTESCLAROS HighSchool • Reasonswhysomeyoungpeople are at risk • Whatisbeing done fromeducationalsystem • Whatisbeing done at my HighSchool • COMPENSATORIA • PCPI (First Professional Training Programmes) • Otheractivitiesthat can be done withstudents
WHERE ARE WE?... Cantabria in Europe Cantabria region
SOME FACTS ABOUT REINOSA AND CAMPÓO VALLEY We are in the South of Cantabria, in a mountainousarea (858m above sea level)butnotfarfromthe sea There are 12.000 inhabitants in Reinosa It´san industrial area (withtwomainfactories in which a greatnumber of workersfromtheareahavetheir regular job)withanimportant natural environment as well as cultural and artisticalheritage Reinosa isthe capital of differentvalleyswithsmall and sometimesisolatedvillages.
THE EDUCATION SYSTEM • THE SPANISH EDUCATION SYSTEM…. • IS DEFINED BY THE MINISTRY OF EDUCATION AND SCIENCE • HAS A UNIFORM STRUCTURE ALL OVER THE COUNTRY • HOWEVER, EVERY AUTONOMOUS REGION (Cantabria amongthem) DEVELOPS AND FITS THIS STRUCTURE TO ITS OWN PARTICULAR NEEDS
THE EDUCATION SYSTEM • Tosimplify, we can divide theeducationoffersintothreelargesections: • COMPULSORY EDUCATION • NON-COMPULSORY EDUCATION • SPECIALISED EDUCATION (Fine Arts&Languages) • In Cantabria, theauthority in charge of theEducationSystemisthe County EducationDepartment (Consejería de Educación)
COMPULSORY EDUCATION Appliestoages 6-16 1) PRIMARY SCHOOL (6-12)) -- Dividedintosixcourses 2) COMPULSORY SECONDARY EDUCATION (12-16) -- Dividedintofourcourses. In everycoursethere are commoncompulsorysubjects as well as optionalsubjects
(CompulsorySecondaryEducation-ESO) Afterpassingallthesubjects, thestudentisawardedwiththe SECONDARY EDUCATION DEGREE. Thisallowshim/herto…. Continuehisstudies….A) With MEDIUM GRADE VOCATIONAL, or B) With BACHILLERATO. Orstartworking (thisisthebasicdegreeforenteringtheworkforce).
NON-COMPULSORY EDUCATION • Istheeducationofferedbefore and afterthecompulsoryschooling • 1) Before: PRE-SCHOOL EDUCATION (ages 2-6) • 2) After: • BACHILLERATO • VOCATIONAL TRAINING • UNIVERSITY
(Non-compulsoryeducation) • BACHILLERATO • Qualificationforuniversityaccess, orfortheHigher Grade of Vocational Training. • Duration of twoacademicyears . • There are threetypes: Arts, Science and Technology and Humanities and Social Sciences. • UNIVERSITY • Access isgrantedafterpassingtheadmission test (Selectividad). A Bachillerato degreeisalsorequired. • Access isalsograntedtograduates of Higher Grade Vocational Training and tothosewhopass and admission test forapplicantsolderthan 25 yearsold.
VOCATIONAL TRAINING (Formación Profesional) THE MEDIUM GRADE (Grado Medio)can beaccessedwiththeSecondaryEducationDegree (16 yearsold) , orthroughanexam. THE HIGHER GRADE (Grado Superior) can beaccessedafterfinishing Bachillerato (18 yearsold), orthroughanexam. Everycoursesprovidesspecialised training for a veryspecificcareer. Theduration of everycoursevariesbetweenone and a half and twoacademicyears. At theend of theirperiod at school, theyhave 3 monthpractice in a real company.
STUDENTS WITH SPECIAL NEEDS • In oureducationsystem, weunderstandthateverystudent, anymomentduringhis/herschooltime, mayneed more helpthan usual toachievehis/herobjectives in school. • Somemeasuresfortheseneedsmaybe: totake extra lessons, tolearn in samllergroups, etc . • Butsometimesstudentshaveeven more specific needs, such as hendicappedstudents, students whohavejoinedschoolvery late orstudentswho don´tspeakSpanish. COMPENSATORIA and PCPI are considered as some of thespecificProgrammestotakecare of thesestudentswhohavespecialneeds in thesensethattheyhaven´tachievedyetthegoals of compulsoryeducation in the “normal way”. Thus, they are considered as YOUNG PEOPLE AT RISK.
REASONS WHY SOME YOUNG PEOPLE ARE AT RISK • General reasons: badeconomicsituation, economic crisis, veryhighunemployementrates, especiallyamongyoungpeople (more than 50%). • Social and familyreasons: defavorisedbackgrounds, rural areaswithfewoportunities, low cultural level. • Geographic and cultural reasons: isolation of somevillages, importance of veryspecificprofessionalareas. • Schoolreasons: integrationdifficulties, bullying. • Personal reasons: lack of motivation, lowself-steem, difficulties in learning, badcompanies, alcohol, drugs.
COMPENSATORIA Programme • ThisisanextraordinaryProgrammethatmaybedeveloppedby a HighSchool in case there are studentswhohaveallthefollowingconditions: • Families&backgrounds in social disadvantage • Seriousrisk of dropout, non-attendancetoschool and/or social exclusion • Tohaveanacademicdelay of at leasttwoyears • Tohavepreviouslyreceivedordinarymeasuresthathadn´tbeenenoughtocompensatehis/herdifficulties
(Compensatoria Programme) Thendifferentstepshavetobefollowed, such as Psicopedagogicalevaluation of thestudent (bytheGuidanceDepartment), informationtofamilies, as well as positive reportbytheEducationalInspectionService. The target group are 1st and 2nd courses of CompulsorySecondaryEducation.
(COMPENSATORIA Programme): WHAT DOES THE PROGRAMME CONSIST OF? • Thestudentscreateanspecificgroup (8-12 studentsnormally) forsomesubjects, (Language, Maths…) plus 1hour of specific tutorial activities, as well as social and emotionalskillsworkshop. (21 hours) • They are withthe general groupfortherest of thesubjects,(Music, Technology. (9 hours) • These 21 hours are organised in a differentwaythan normal, bycreating global groups of learning (Social and LanguageArea, Maths and Sciencearea), using a more global approachtosubjects, as well as adaptedmaterials, methodology and strategies. • Theytendto do more teamwork, as well as projectworking. • Evaluationisalsoadapted, itis a continuous and formativeprocess.
(COMPENSATORIA Programme) Theyalsohavesomekind of workshop, withpracticaljobmainly, whichisveryimportantfortheirmotivation. Theschool can chooseamongmanydifferentitems: computers, gardening, car repairing…
COMPENSATORIA Programme: summarisingthemainobjectives Toavoidtheirdropout. Fromthesystem. Toimprovetheirlearning as well as social and affectiveskills. Tofavorisetheiracademicprogressthroughdifferentmethods of teaching. Topermittheirintegration in theeducationsystem, eitherthrough a “DIVERSIFICACIÓN Programme”(similar structureto Compensatoria butfor 3rd and 4th year of CompulsoryEducation) or PCPI (First Professional Training Programmes).
FIRST PROFESSIONAL TRAINING PROGRAMMES (PCPI) • Target group: youngpeoplebetweentheage of 16 and 20 whodidnotachievetheSecondaryEducationDegree. • Objective of theprogramme: toprovidethesestudentswith a basic and professional training whichallowsthemtoeitherjointheworkforceortobeghinfurtherstudies. • Onfinishingtheprogramme, the centre willissue a certificatewheretheamount of hours and theobtainedqualificationswillbeshown. • Thiscertificategivesaccesstojobmarket and toMedium-Grade Vocational Training afterpassinganaccess test.
FIRST PROFESSIONAL TRAINING PROGRAMMES (PCPI) • OBJECTIVES: • Topreventdrop-out and non-attendance. • To look for a differentway of obtainingtheGraduate in SecondaryEducationforthosestudentswhohaven´tachieved at first. • Tomotivatethrough a professionalapproach, thosestudentswhodidn ´t findtheattractive in the normal system. • To prepare studentseithertoworkortocontinuestudies in Vocational Training.
“THE BOOK WEEK”, toencouragethemtoreaddifferenttypes of books and gettinginvolved in theschoollibrary……
OTHER COMPLEMENTARY ACTIVITIES (ORGANISED BY THE DIFFERENT DEPARTMENTS, IN COOPERATION WITH THE GUIDANCE DEPARTMENT)Informationabouthowtocreateyourownbusinessorhowtogoabroad….
…and othervariedactivitiessuch as preparingfoodforstudents and teacherstocelebratetheend of accademicyear!!
SOME WEB PAGES WE NORMALLY USE www.educantabria.es www.jovenamnia.com www.empleacantabria.com http://www.facebook.com/#!/profile.php?id=100000203513036