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  1. Egypt By: Gregory Halikman John Thomas Vincent Rienzi Dylan Mitchell

  2. Social Classes • The five social classes of the Egyptian society. The way that this was divided up was into a pyramid. Pharaohs Priests, nobles Traders, artisans, shop keepers, and scribes Farmers, herders Slaves, unskilled workers

  3. Role of a slave in Egyptian society • The people that were slaves were either, captured in battle, they were criminals, and also unskilled workers, or someone that owed another person money/goods/work. • Some slaves were sent into battle, some were sent to rebuild Thebes, they also helped farmers with their work, and they built the pyramids. • They could own land, marry, and gain freedom eventually, but had harsher punishments then all the other social classes.

  4. Role of the lower middle class • Farmers in Egyptian society they rented land from their ruler, paying him with some of their crops, they built irrigation systems, lived along the Nile, and had poor diets. • Herders had the same conditions as the farmers, but handled animals instead of crops.

  5. Role of the middle class • The role of the artisan in early Egyptian life, was to produce pottery, jewelry, linen, and metal goods. • Shopkeepers ran businesses, and produced goods. • Scribes wrote down everything the king wanted to be recorded about him, and created stories. • Traders they went to different cities/places and received items that were not available in Egypt and then sold them in Egypt.

  6. Role of the upper middle class • Priests nobles had a very big impact on the Egyptian way of life. • Wealthy Egyptians worked as government officials (nobles). They lived in estates along the Nile river. • The priests ran the churches and conducted ceremonies dealing with their gods.

  7. The role of the Pharaoh • The pharaoh was the king, he was considered to be a god king, or a descendent of a god. • He ran his kingdom, and controlled all the traders, farmers, nobles, slaves, etc. • He sought out advice from the priests and nobles, on religious matters.

  8. HOW EGYPT WAS PROTECTED • To the west, and east of Egypt there was a vast amount of desert. • To the north they had the Mediterranean Sea to protect them from intruders. • To the south they had the cataracts that didn't allow ships to enter. Cataracts are waterfalls. • None of their protection was man-made.

  9. Inside of a Pyramid • There were air shafts which gave the pharaoh air. The king’s burial chamber was where the king would be buried because it is in center. Grand Gallery tall sloping hall held large granted blocks and that is ceiled the tomb. • the other things inside of a tomb are the Queen's Burial Chamber. This chamber held a statue of the king, not the queen's body. there was also the entrance. also the Underground Burial Chamber. Sometimes kings were buried instead. the Queen's pyramids were these smaller pyramids and are believed to be tomb's for the king's wives. the Mastaba were tombs surrounding the pyramids and held royal family members and other nobles. the valley temple may have been used for rituals before the king was buried.

  10. Life After Death • The Egyptians believed that life in the next world would be even better than life on Earth. after a long journey, the dead would reach a place of peace and plenty. A book called Book of the Dead was a collection of spells and prayers that Egyptians studied to obtain life after death. They believed that the God Osiris would meet newcomers at the entrance to the next world. if they had been good in life and knew the spell, he would grant them life after death.

  11. Cities In Egypt • Some of the cities that were located in Egypt were: Giza • Cairo • Memphis • Thebes

  12. The Government • Egypt was ruled by a Pharaoh that was just like a king • As we said before he was believed to be a descendent of the gods

  13. Writing • There system of writing was called Hieroglyphics. • There were thousands of symbols for the language • It took years and years to learn how to do the writing • It was held as a high job because of the intense training to learn them all

  14. Reasons Why Writing was Important • They were able to write things down for future reference • It makes first hand accounts for Historians to study

  15. Inventions Worth Remembering • 365 day calendar • Number system based on 10 (metric) • Fractions • Medicine • First medical books