Day 71 Opening Question • Title = IR impact today • What do we see today that is a result of the Industrial Revolution of the 1700s & 1800s?
Day 71+72 Objectives • Examine the Economic and Social Effects of the Agricultural Revolution on Europe
Starts in GB in 1750 • Will last 150 years and beyond • Why is the Industrial Revolution a “Revolution?” • PERSIAGM…which is affected?
Rural Life Fades Out
Recipefor anIndustrialRevolution • What do some (GB, USA, Germany) have that others (Poland, Italy, Spain) don’t?
Agricultural Revolution comes first in 1700 Feudal Farming before 1700
Why the AR leads to the IR • Innovations • Enclosure Farming comes after the innovations are made
Enclosure Farming • Before 1700, you had this
After 1700 you have… • Who wins? • Who loses?
What do these innovations have to do with this baby?
Population Boom • Population in GB • 1700 = 5 million • 1800 = 9 million • Population in France • 1715 = 18 million • 1789 = 26 million • Population in Europe • 1715 = 120 million • 1789 = 190 million
What do all of these Factors do to Europe?
Cities will grow w/rising Pop…The IR can begin!!!
Day 66+67 Objectives • Chronicle the new inventions and resources needed to create an Industrialized country • Analyze the reasons why GB is the birthplace of the IR
Recipefor anIndustrialRevolution • Every country needs a certain combination of ingredients to industrialize
Why GB? • Political • Economic • Religious • Social • Intellectual • Geographic • Military
Can't have the IR without coal!!! Why do you need coal? (hint hint)
Early forms of energy weren’t goodenough! • Human (slave) • Animals • Water • Steam is stronger…what invention do you need to make then?
Newcomen Steam Engine • 1717 • Thomas Newcomen • Great Britain
Watt’s Steam Engine • 1769 • James Watt • Scotland
Cottage Industry • AKA… • Rural household industry • 2 Main Participants: • entrepreneurandrural worker
Scenario 1 Entrepreneur hires willing rural workers Entrepreneur provides: Raw materials Capital(?) Entrepreneur goes to + from the worker Scenario 2 Worker is his/her own boss How the Cottage Industry works…
Entrepreneur = at first, but… Cottage system has a flaw… SLOW Demand increased faster than supply of cloth Solution… FACTORY SYSTEM What Will End The Cottage Industry??
Textile…AKA Clothing What is needed for the textile factory to replace the cottage? (2 are in the pic) Steam power Workers Inventions 1st Industry to change to factories?
What about the Cottage Worker?
Inventions make the Textile industry first to enter the factory age
1733 – John Kay (British) Made fabric 2x the speed of hand weavers Flying Shuttle
Waterframe • 1769 • Richard Arkwright • GB • Made thread faster
Spinning Jenny • 1774 • James Hargreaves (GB) • Also made thread faster
Spinning Mule • 1779 • Samuel Crompton (GB) • Combined Waterframe + Spinning Jenny • Made thread even faster • Who is ?
Power Loom 1785, Edmund Cartwright, Great Britain
Cotton Gin • 1793 • Eli Whitney • USA • Big US1 Topic