Health, Wellness, Fitness & Healthy Lifestyles: An Introduction Good health, wellness, fitness, and healthy lifestyles are important for all people.
Healthy People 2010 National Health Goals • Increase the span of "healthy" life • Eliminate health disparities • Increase access to information and services for all people
Years of Healthy Life Total Lifespan (~ 77.6 Years) 8.1 yrs 69.3 yrs.
Health Life Expectancy for North America Concepts of Physical Fitness 14e
Health-state of being associated with freedom from disease and illness. Wellness- the positive component of health; sense of well-being; a product; multidimensional
Wellness Health Promotion Disease Prevention Disease Disease/Illness Treatment Treatment vs. Promotion
The Wellness Continuum WELLNESS ILLNESS neutralpoint (no illness or wellness)
The Dimensions of Health and Wellness - + Happy Depressed Emotional-Mental Informed Intellectual Ignorant Fit Physical Unfit Involved Social Lonely Fulfilled Spiritual Unfulfilled Negative Total Outlook Positive
Achieving Wellness • Wellness is the product of healthy lifestyles just like fitness is the product of regular exercise • Wellness reflects how one feels about life as well as one’s ability to function effectively
Physical Fitness • Multi-dimensional state of being • Body’s ability to function efficiently and effectively • Not the same as physical health and wellness
Physical Fitness cont’d • Consists of: • 5 health-related fitness components • 6 skill-related components (aka sports fitness or motor fitness) • 2 non-performance components • Specific, but interrelated components
Health Related Fitness • Cardiovascular endurance • Muscular endurance • Muscular strength • Flexibility • Body composition
Skill Related Fitness • Agility • Balance • Coordination • Speed • Power • Reaction time
Need for Fitness • Positive Habits • Good Health • Mental Stability • Enjoyable Leisure • Value of fitness • Look good • Feel good • Enjoy life • Be healthy
Who’s the Fittest? B C A D
Value of Fitness Assessments • Indicate areas needed for improvement in health, fitness, or performance • Provide baseline marker to track progress in exercise programs • Promote personal knowledge about skills and abilities
Healthy Lifestyles • Regular physical activity • Eating well • Managing stress • Avoiding destructive habits • Adopting good safety habits • Learning first aid • Adopting good personal health habits • Seeking and complying with medical advice • Being an informed consumer • Protecting the environment
Physical activity is a priority lifestyle that impacts health, wellness, and fitness Physical Activity
Exercising regularly Eating properly Managing stress Priority Lifestyles for Good Health • Three priority areas: • Physical activity, nutrition, stress management • Reasons why these lifestyles are especially critical: • They affect the lives of all people • Many people can make improvements • Small changes can havea major impact on individual and public health
The HELP Philosophy:The basis for a healthy lifestyle H E L P A personal philosophy that emphasizes HEALTH can lead to behaviors that promote it. EVERYONE can benefit from healthy lifestyles regardless of age or current health status. Healthy behaviors are most effective when practiced for a LIFETIME. Healthy lifestyles should be based on PERSONAL needs and interests.
INDEPENDENCE INDEPENDENCE Problem Solver Problem Solver Fitness Evaluation Fitness Evaluation Personal Exercise Pattern Personal Exercise Pattern Achieving Fitness Achieving Fitness Regular Exercise Regular Exercise The Stairway to Lifetime Fitness: A Path to Independence