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EASTER PowerPoint Presentation

EASTER

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EASTER

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  1. EASTER The day of Jesus’ Christ resurrection after three days after his death on the cross.

  2. The celebration of Easter has been around as long as people can remember, but there are many theories to where this joyful holiday has come from because there is no specific origin of when Easter started. The most prevailing reason for Easter is the resurrection of Jesus Christ. Christian churches in the West usually celebrate Easter on the first Sunday following the full moon after the vernal equinox on March 21. Therefore, Easter is observed anywhere between March 22 and April 25 every year.

  3. Also, there are different theories why Easter is celebrated. One of these theories is that the word Easter is derived from Eostre, a Teutonic goddess of spring and fertility. And Other accounts trace Easter to the Latin term hebdomada alba, or white week. Which is an ancient reference to Easter week and the white clothing donned by people who were baptized during that time.

  4. Easter is the culmination of the Passion of Christ. Which is then preceded by Lent, a forty-day period of fasting, prayer, and penance. The last week of Lent is called Holy Week, and it contains the day Maundy Thursday (also known as Holy Thursday), commemorating the Last Supper and its preceding foot washing, as well as Good Friday, commemorating the crucifixion and death of Jesus Easter is followed by a fifty-day period called Eastertide, or the Easter Season, ending with Pentecost Sunday.

  5. Easter is considered a moveable feast, which means it is not fixed in relation to the civil calendar. The First Council of Nicaea established the date of Easter as the first Sunday after the full moon following the March equinox. The equinox is reckoned to be on 21 March (although the astronomical equinox occurs on 20 March in most years), and the "Full Moon" is not necessarily on the astronomically correct date. The date of Easter therefore varies between 22 March and 25 April inclusive. Eastern Christianity bases its calculations on the Julian calendar, whose 21 March corresponds, during the 21st century, to 3 April in the Gregorian calendar, and in which therefore the celebration of Easter varies between 4 April and 8 May.

  6. In Western Christianity, Easter is preceded by Lent, a period of fasting and penitence in preparation for Easter, which begins on Ash Wednesday and lasts forty days not counting Sundays. The week before Easter, known as Holy Week, is special in the Christian tradition. The Sunday before Easter is Palm Sunday, with the Wednesday before Easter being known as Spy Wednesday. The last three days before Easter are Maundy Thursday, Good Friday and Holy Saturday which sometimes referred to as Silent Saturday. These days respectively commemorate Jesus' entry in Jerusalem, the Last Supper and the Crucifixion.

  7. Maundy Thursday, Good Friday, and Holy Saturday are sometimes referred to as the Easter Triduum. Many churches begin celebrating Easter late in the evening of Holy Saturday at a service called the Easter Vigil. In some countries, Easter lasts two days, with the second called "Easter Monday". The week beginning with Easter Sunday is called Easter Week or the Octave of Easter, and each day is prefaced with "Easter", e.g. Easter Monday, Easter Tuesday, etc. Easter Saturday is therefore the Saturday after Easter Sunday. The day before Easter is properly called Holy Saturday. Eastertide, or Paschaltide, the season of Easter, begins on Easter Sunday and lasts until the day of Pentecost, seven weeks later.

  8. In Eastern Christianity, the spiritual preparation for Easter begins with Great Lent, which starts on Clean Monday and lasts for 40 continuous days which includes Sundays. The last week of Great Lent which follows the fifth Sunday of Great Lent is called Palm Week, and ends with Lazarus Saturday. The Vespers which begins Lazarus Saturday officially brings Great Lent to a close, although the fast continues through the following week. After Lazarus Saturday comes Palm Sunday, Holy Week, and finally Easter itself, and the fast is broken immediately after the Paschal Divine Liturgy.

  9. The Paschal Vigil begins with the Midnight Office, which is the last service of the Lenten Triodion and is timed so that it ends before midnight on Holy Saturday night. At midnight the Paschal celebration itself begins, consisting of Paschal Matins, Paschal Hours, and Paschal Divine Liturgy. Placing the Paschal Divine Liturgy at midnight guarantees that no Divine Liturgy will come earlier in the morning, ensuring its place as the pre-eminent "Feast of Feasts" in the liturgical year. The liturgical season from Easter to the Sunday of All Saints is known as the Pentecostarion. The week that begins on Easter Sunday is called Bright Week, during which there is no fasting, even on Wednesday and Friday. The Afterfeast of Easter lasts 39 days, with its Apodosis on the day before Ascension. Pentecost Sunday is the fiftieth day from Easter.

  10. Easter Powerpoint -By Maxwell Hutchinson