Mission to Judea & Samaria Acts 8-12
Acts 8 Ministry of Phillip
Mission to Judea & Samaria – Acts 8 • Discussion Questions for Acts 8 • Who is Philip? • Where is the teaching of the gospel being done in Acts 8? • Who are the Samaritans?
Mission to Judea & Samaria – Acts 8 • Growth of the church under persecution (8:1-9:31) • Saul's activities (8:1-3) • Persecution intensifies (8:1) • Saul agreement in killing Stephen • Great persecution arose that day against the church in Jerusalem • Christians scattered into Judea and Samaria. • The apostles stayed in Jerusalem. • Stephen buried by "devout men." (8:2). • Saul going from house to house putting Christians in prison (8:3)
Mission to Judea & Samaria – Acts 8 • Preaching of the word by those scattered (8:4-40) • Philip and begins to work in Samaria (8:4-8) • Samaritans were people who lived north of Judea and were people that were ethnically part Jewish and part non-Jewish – Jews tended to look down on them because they were not pure Jewish and they did not worship in Jerusalem • Those scattered preach the word (8:4) • Philip goes to Samaria to preach Christ (8:5) • People hear, saw sign he preformed, many unclean spirits cast out, and paralyzed and lame healed (8:6-7) • Rejoicing in the city (8:8)
Mission to Judea & Samaria – Acts 8 • Philip, the apostles and Simon, the magician (8:9-25) • Simon, magician had been astonishing people (8:9-11) • Claimed to be someone great (9) • People thought he had the great power of God (10) • Philip's preaching is believed by the people (8:12-13) • People were being baptized (12) • Simon believes • Simon continues with Philip observing the signs and great miracles, being amazed
Mission to Judea & Samaria – Acts 8 • Apostles work in Samaria (8:14-25) • Apostles hear that the Samaritans had received the word of God • Samaritan were half Jewish and half Gentile • Jews did not associate with them and look down on them (Jn. 4:9) • Peter and John were sent • Prayed for them and laid their hands on them to receive the Holy Spirit (15-17) • Simply baptized into the name of the Lord Jesus • Holy spirit had not fallen on them yet • Act 2:38 all Christians receive the Holy Spirit at baptism (Acts 5:32) • Falling on is God showing that Samaritans as well as Jews are in his kingdom • Acts 10:44-45 - Holy Spirit falls on Cornelius – miraculous gifts
Mission to Judea & Samaria – Acts 8 • Simon's desire for gifts (8:18-24) • Simon saw that the Spirit was given by the laying on of the apostles hands (Note: Philip could do miracles but he could not pass it on to other people.) • Simon offers them money to have the power to give the Spirit to other (19) • Peter condemns him for having the wrong attitude and tells him to repent to get forgiveness (20-24) • Was Simon sincere? • May not have known about what the apostles could do before he became a Christian • Told to repent not be rebaptized • Apostles preaching in many villages in Samaria on their way back to Jerusalem (25)
Mission to Judea & Samaria – Acts 8 • Philip and the Ethiopian Eunuch (8:26-39) • Lord tells Philip to go to the road that goes south from Jerusalem to Gaza (8:26) • God does not force conversion but provides an opportunity. • Philip finds and Ethiopian court official (eunuch) • Official for Queen Candace of Ethiopia (Nubia with principle cities of Meroe and Napata) • In charge of her treasury (very trusted) • Had been worshipping in Jerusalem • Believer - devout man • In his chariot reading Isaiah on his way home.
Philip preaches in all towns as far as Caesarea (Acts 8:40) Philip the deacon journeys to Samaria (Acts 8:5) • Philip preaches in Samaria (Acts 8:9–13) • Peter & John sent to impart Holy Spirit (Acts 8:14–24) Ethiopian eunuch returning from Jerusalem (Acts 8:27–28) Philip teaches & baptizes the Ethiopian eunuch (Acts 8:29–38) Apostles preach in villages of Samaria to Jerusalem (Acts 8:25) Philip caught away, found at Azotus (Acts 8:39–40) Philip sent to Gaza Road that goes from Jerusalem to Gaza (Acts 8:26)
Mission to Judea & Samaria – Acts 8 • Philip teaches the Ethiopian Eunuch • The Isaiah verse was speaking of Jesus • After hearing Philip's teaching he asks a question about baptism • Why is the question important? • It show Philip was teaching about the necessity of baptism (36) • Need for belief but disputed passage (37) • Philip and the Ethiopian go down it the water and he is baptized (38). • After baptism Philip snatched away by the spirit and the Eunuch went away rejoicing (39) • Philip kept preaching the gospel from Azotus into other cities until he came to Caesarea (40)
Mission to Judea & Samaria – Acts 8 • Things to remember from Acts 8 • Christian teaching spread to Samaria • Conversion of the Ethiopian eunuch through Phillip
Acts 9 Persecution to Conversion of Paul
Mission to Judea & Samaria – Acts 9 • Discussion Questions for Acts 9 • Who were the people of “the Way” and why were they called that? • Who was the persecutor of Christians who became a Christian and what mission did God give him?
Mission to Judea & Samaria – Acts 9 • Saul: Persecutor to Christian – A. D. 33 (9:1-31) • Saul persecution of the church outside of Jerusalem (9:1-2) • Saul breathing threats & murder, asked for a letter from high priest to synagogue in Damascus for permission to arrest Christians, called "the Way” – Jesus said he was the “way,” “truth,” & “life.” (Jn. 14:6) • Bring them bound to Jerusalem. • Jesus speaks to Saul in a bright light (9:3-9). • Saul was on his way to Damascus when a bright light flashed around him and voice heard by Saul. • Jesus words (9:4-6). • Saul told to enter the city and he will be told what he must do. • Traveling companions heard the sound but saw no one. • Saul blind and was in Damascus three days blind, not eating, or drinking.
Mission to Judea & Samaria – Acts 9 • Saul is baptized and begins preaching (9:10-22) • 4th century catacomb picture of Paul • Lord appeared to the disciple Ananias in a vision and was told to go to the house of Judas and find Saul who is praying. (9:10-16) • Paul was told in a vision that a man named Ananias will come and lay hands on him to receive his sight. • Ananias knows of Saul's work and harm but God reassures Ananias • Saul chosen for a purpose: take the Lord's name to the Gentiles, kings, and sons of Israel. Saul will suffer for his name.
Mission to Judea & Samaria – Acts 9 • Saul is baptized and begins preaching (9:10-22) • Ananias goes to Saul (9:17-22). • Ananias tells Saul he has been sent so he can regain his sight and be filled with the Holy Spirit. Saul regains his sight and is baptized (see also 22:16). • Paul was with the disciples in Damascus and began preaching in the synagogues that Jesus is the Son of God. • People were amazed at Saul's change of heart. Paul was effectively proving Jesus is the Christ. • Jews plot to kill Saul (9:23-25) • Watching the gates but Saul is let down in a basket through an opening in the wall.
Mission to Judea & Samaria – Acts 9 • Saul in Jerusalem – A. D. 36 (9:26-30) • Acts jumps forward three years to about A.D. 36 (Gal. 1:17) • Paul tries to associate with the disciples but they are afraid of him. Barnabas brought him to the apostles. • Described how Paul had seen the Lord and talked to the Lord. • Described how Paul had spoken out boldly in Jesus name. • Paul move freely in Jerusalem, speaking out boldly in the name of Jesus but the Hellenistic Jews wanted to kill him. • Brethren send Paul to Caesarea and the Tarsus. (also Gal. 1:21) • Church enjoying peace (9:31) • Continued in the fear of the Lord and comfort of Holy Spirit • Continued to increase
Mission to Judea & Samaria – Acts 9 • Peter's ministry in Judea (9:32--43) • Healing of Aeneas (9:32-35) • Peter teaching the "saints" (true believers) in Lydda. • Healed Aeneas who was paralyzed (bedridden for eight years). Said "Jesus Christ heals you“ and many who lived in Lydda and Sharon "turned to the Lord." • Raising of Tabitha from the dead, Greek - Dorcas (9:36-43) • Tabitha know for her kindness and charity in Joppa but fell sick and died. • Disciples send for Peter & showed him all the things she made. • Peter sends them out, prays and tells Tabitha to rise • Called the saints and widows in and presented her alive. • Word spread all over Joppa and many believed in the Lord. • Peter stayed with Simon a tanner by trade.
Mission to Judea & Samaria – Acts 9 • Two things to remember in Chapter 9. • Saul's conversion • Peter's preaching, healing, and raising the dead
Acts 10 Gentiles become Disciples
Mission to Judea & Samaria – Acts 10 • Discussion Questions for Acts 10 • Who are the two main characters in Acts 10? • Why are the events in Acts 10 so important to the Christian movement? • What was the meaning of Peter’s vision from God?
Mission to Judea & Samaria – Acts 10 • Church to include the Gentiles (10:1-11:18) • Cornelius' prayers answered (10:1-8) • Centurion living in Caesarea – Centurion is a Roman commander of 100 soldiers • Devout man (God fearer) – Devout is a Gentile who believes in the one God but is not a Jew • Gave alms to people • Prayed continually • Angel appeared to Cornelius • His prayers and alms (gifts of charity) came before God • Told to send for Simon Peter in Joppa at Simon the tanner's house. • Sends two of his servants and a devout soldier explaining everything to them.
Cornelius, the Centurion lived in Caesarea on the coast of Israel and the residence of the governor
Mission to Judea & Samaria – Acts 10 • Peter's vision (10:9-16) • On the housetop the sixth hour to pray • Saw a vision of something like a sheet full of unclean animals • Voice tells them to kill and eat • Peter replies that he has never eaten anything unclean. • Voice replies what God has cleansed no longer consider unclean • Happened three times
Mission to Judea & Samaria – Acts 10 • Peter goes to teach Cornelius (10:17-33) • Peter perplexed about the vision • Men from Cornelius arrive and Peter goes with them the next day with some disciples from Joppa (18-23) • Spirit told him of the visitors and to go with them • Visitors tell him Cornelius sent them • Peter arrives in Caesarea to teach Cornelius • Peter notes that it is unlawful for a Jew to associate with Gentiles but God said no one was unclean • Cornelius explains why he sent for Peter • Angel said his prayers had been heard and alms remembered. • Told to send for Simon Peter staying at the house of Simon the Tanner which they did.
Mission to Judea & Samaria – Acts 10 • Peter teaches (10:34-43) • Peter states he understands that God welcomes everyone from every nation who fear God and does what is right. • Notes that word was sent to the Sons of Israel to preach peace through Jesus Christ WHO IS LORD OF ALL. • They know about what took place in Judea and Galilee after the baptism of John • Preached about Jesus • God anointed Him with the Holy Spirit and power • Went about doing good • Healing the oppressed of the devil • God was with Him
Mission to Judea & Samaria – Acts 10 • Peter teaches (10:39-43) • Peter says they are witnesses of the events and His death • Witness this resurrection on the third day. • Not everyone saw him but those who had been with him did. • Reason for the witness of the resurrection: to be able to tell people that it is Jesus who God appointed to be judge over the living and the dead. – Great Commission (Mt. 28:18-20; Mk. 16:15-16) • Notes that all prophets bear witness that everyone who believes in Him has received the forgiveness of sins.
Mission to Judea & Samaria – Acts 10 • Cornelius and those with him believe (10:44-48). • While Peter will still speaking the Spirit fell upon the ones listening. • The Jews were amazed. • Gift of the Holy Spirit was poured out on the gentiles also. • They spoke in tongues (languages) exalting God. • Peters reaction: • Cannot refuse them baptism because they have received the Holy Spirit just as they had. • Told them to be baptized in the name of Jesus. • They stayed a few days.
Mission to Judea & Samaria – Acts 10 • Two important events in Chapter 10 • Peter's vision to call no person unclean. • Gentiles able to become Christians.
Acts 11 New Church Planted in Antioch
Mission to Judea & Samaria – Acts 11 • Discussion Questions for Acts 11 • Who took issue with Peter teaching the Gentiles (Cornelius)? • What convinced those who opposed Peter to accept the Gentiles? • What city do we see a church planted that had Gentiles in it? • What were the disciples (followers of Jesus) first called in the city of Antioch?
Mission to Judea & Samaria – Acts 11 • Peter defends the Gentile ministry (11:1-18) • Apostles and Christians in Judea heard about the Gentiles accepting God's word (11:1) • Peter in Jerusalem, defend Gentiles becoming Christians • They are concerned because he went to the uncircumcised and ate with them. • Eating with them was not permitted since they eat unclean foods • Peter points out that they are no longer to be considered unclean. • Peter explains the events that led to their conversion. • Vision in Joppa, Spirit told him to go with men from Caesarea • Six brethren went with him.
Mission to Judea & Samaria – Acts 11 • Peter defends the Gentile ministry (11:1-18) • Peter reports Cornelius’ description of angel's message • Angel told Cornelius Peter to speaks words for people to be saved (14) • Holy Spirit fell on them just as did on the apostles • Peter remembered the word of the Lord; John baptized with water but you shall be baptized with the Holy Spirit. • Peter reason if God gave them the same gift who was he to stand in God's way. • Reaction of the Christian Jews • Glorified God • God has granted to the Gentiles the repentance that leads to life. • Peter stresses divine action in all these events.
Mission to Judea & Samaria – Acts 11 • Church at Antioch Planted (11:19-21) • Previously the scattered had preached to the Jews only. • Men of Cyprus and Cyrene who came to Antioch and taught the Gentiles (11:20-21) • Preached the Lord Jesus, the hand of the Lord was with them and a large number believed. • Antioch - third largest city behind Rome and Alexandria. • 500,000 to 800,000 in population and know for its lax morality.
Persecution & Expansion A.D. 33 - 47 Disciples first called “Christian” at Antioch (Acts 11:26) • Barnabas and Paul sent to Judea with famine relief (Acts 11:29–30) Paul and Barnabas return to Antioch with John Mark (Acts 12:25) Agabus & other prophets from Jerusalem warn of famine (Acts 11:27–28) Herod back in Caesarea and dies in A. D. 44 (Acts 12:19–23) • Herod kills James, imprisons Peter who was delivered (Acts 12:1–19) Disciples from Cyprus & Cyrene preach to Gentiles in Antioch (Acts 11:19–20) Barnabas sent to Antioch (Acts 11:22–24) Barnabas goes to Tarsus, brings Paul to Antioch (Acts 11:25–26) Christians scattered by persecution after Steven’s death (Acts 11:19–21)
Mission to Judea & Samaria – Acts 11 • Jerusalem hears of this event and sends Barnabas to Antioch (11:22-24) • Barnabas (from Cyprus) witnessed the grace of God. • He encouraged to remain true to God. • Good man, full of the Holy Spirit and faith. • Considerable numbers were brought to the Lord. • Barnabas brings Saul to Antioch (11:25-26) • Saul was found in Tarsus, his home town • Met with the church in Antioch for one year. • Taught a considerable number of people. • Disciples were first called Christians at Antioch.
Mission to Judea & Samaria – Acts 11 • Antioch church assist in famine relief to the Jews – A. D. 47 (11:27-30) • A prophet Agabus came from Jerusalem and indicated by the Spirit there would be famine all over the world. • This took place in the reign of Claudius (AD 41-54). • Extrabiblical writings note famine suffer A.D. 46-48. • Disciples gave in proportion as they had means for the relief of the brethren in Judea. • Barnabas and Saul were sent with the contribution to the elders. • First mention of elders in Acts
Mission to Judea & Samaria – Acts 11 • Two important events to remember for chapter 11. • Peter's defense of Gentiles right to salvation. • Church began in Antioch among the Gentiles (Greeks).
Acts 12 Persecution, Death, Expansion
Mission to Judea & Samaria – Acts 12 • Discussion Questions for Acts 12 • Why did God save Peter but not the apostle James? • What kind of effect did the persecution have on the growth of the church?
Mission and Persecution – Acts 12 • Persecution by Herod Agrippa I (12:1-25) • Church persecuted by Herod Agrippa I (A.D. 37-44) • James executed (12:2) • Herod was a Jew who had grown up part of the time with the Emperor Caligula and so gained the position of king over most of Israel (A.D. 37-44). • Caligula reigned A.D. 37-41. • Current time is A.D. 44 (Claudius is reigning A.D. 41-54) • Herod catered to the Jews, ostensibly followed Jewish customs and faith. • Three children will occur later in Acts - Drusilla married to Felix the governor (Acts 24:24), Herod Agrppa II (Acts 25:13) and Bernice (Acts 25:13)
Family Tree of the Herod Agrippa I & II King of Palestine 37-4 B.C. Became King of all Palestine in A.D. 41 A.D. 37-44 Killed the Apostle James A.D. 48-70 Heard Paul’s Case
Mission to Judea & Samaria – Acts 12 • Peter arrested at the Passover and put in prison (12:3-11) • Herod was going to execute him after the Passover. • Peter was heavily guarded. • Angel struck the soundly sleeping Peter. • Angel tells him to put on his sandals and cloak. • Peter thought he was seeing a vision. • Outside he realizes it was real and God had rescued him from Herod. Blood of Christians is the seed of the gospel. Turtullian (3rd Cent.)
Mission to Judea & Samaria – Acts 12 • Peter goes to Mary's house, mother of John Mark where Christians were praying together (12:12-17) • Knock on the door in the gate, servant-girl, Rhoda answered but left Peter standing outside in her joy. • People were thinking Rhoda was out of her mind but she kept insisting and thought she saw his "angel“ (messenger) • Matt. 18:10 - angels of the children • Heb. 1:13-14 - ministers to those who obtain salvation. • They were amazed to see Peter and he tells them to report these things to James and the brethren. • James (the Just) = brother of Jesus now in main leadership role. • Peter leaves the area to Caesarea • We don't read about Peter again until chapter 15