Safety Is A Common Denominator Ted Summey CTE Regional Coordinator, NCDPI
Objectives: Participants will: • Understand the importance of safety from a different perspective • Recognize that safety is an important aspect of all industry and business • Understand the expectations of a complete safety program including the legal obligations
Is There an Occupation That Isn’t Concerned with Safety? Engineer – Doctor – Office Professional - Radiology Tech – Chef – Manufacturing Machine Operator – Teacher – Coach - Truck Driver – Auto/Diesel Tech – Farmer – Nurse – Mortician – Mason – Electrician – Lineman – Roads Contractor – Homemaker – Child Care Workers – Regional Coordinator – CAD/CAM Tech – Law Enforcement Officer - Lawn Care Workers – Farm Supply Dealer – Computer Technician – Beauticians – Park Ranger – Marine Mechanic – Carpenter – Cabinet Maker – Sales Associates – Business Owner – Florist – Nursery Operator – the list goes on and on Top Ten Most Dangerous Jobs - CNN Can you name an occupation that isn’t/shouldn’t be concerned with safety?
Safety Is A Common Denominator in Life and the Workplace • WORKPLACE INJURIES AND ILLNESSES – 2010 Nearly 3.1 million nonfatal workplace injuries and illnesses were reported among private industry employers in 2010, resulting in an incidence rate of 3.5 cases per 100 equivalent full-time workers— down from 3.6 cases in 2009 U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (Oct 2011).
Safety: A Major Aspect of Industry • Employers and workers of all types are concerned regarding workplace injury or illness: • Lost time = lost productivity • Lost time = lost $ • Injuries = possible increased insurance costs • Injuries or illness = possible fines/DOL Investigation (see the first bullet) • Injury or illness = Workers Compensation $ • Injury or illness = an employee in pain, suffering or both
Your Responsibility • Requirement under P.L. 109-270 • Local CTE Programs must provide students with strong experience in and understanding of all aspects of an industry • Section 135(b)(3) of the Carl D. Perkins Career and Technical Education Act of 2006 “All Aspects Includes Safety”
The Components of “All Aspects of Industry” Lakes Country Carl D. Perkins and Tech Prep Consortia, Lakes Country Service Cooperative, Fergus Falls, Minnesota
Safety is Part of Occupational Skill Development • General Statute 115C-152(3) • (3) "Occupational skill development" means a program, service, or activity designed to prepare individuals for paid or unpaid employment as semiskilled or skilled workers, technicians, or professional-support personnel in recognized occupations and in new and emerging occupations including occupations or a trade, technical, business, health, office, homemaking, homemaking-related, agricultural, marketing, and other nature. Instruction is designed to fit individuals for initial employment in a specific occupation or a cluster of closely related occupations in an occupational field. This instruction includes education in technology, manipulative skills, theory, auxiliary information, application of academic skills, and other associated knowledge.
Eye Safety – It IS the Law General Statute 115C-166 Eye protection devices required in certain courses. The governing board or authority of any public or private school or educational institution within the State, wherein shops or laboratories are conducted providing instructional or experimental programs involving: (1) Hot solids, liquids or molten metals; (2) Milling, sawing, turning, shaping, cutting, or stamping of any solid materials; (3) Heat treatment, tempering, or kiln firing of any metal or other materials; (4) Gas or electric arc welding; (5) Repair or servicing of any vehicle; or (6) Caustic or explosive chemicals or materials, shall provide for and require that every student and teacher wear industrial-quality eye protective devices at all times while participating in any such program. These industrial-quality eye protective devices shall be furnished free of charge to the student and teacher.
Visitors, Industrial Quality, and Corrective Lenses 115C-167. Visitors to wear eye safety devices. Visitors to such shops and laboratories shall be furnished with and required to wear such eye safety devices while such programs are in progress. (1977, c. 1050, s. 2; 1981, c. 423, s. 1.) 115C-168. "Industrial-quality eye protective devices" defined."Industrial-quality eye protective devices", as used in G.S. 115C-166, means devices meeting the standards of the U.S.A. Standard Practice for Occupational and Educational Eye and Face Protection, Z 87.1-1968 approved by the U.S.A. Standards Institute, Inc. (1969, c. 1050, s. 3; 1981, c. 423, s. 1.) 115C-169. Corrective-protective devices.In those cases where corrective-protective devices that require prescription ophthalmic lenses are necessary, such devices shall only be supplied by those persons licensed by the State to prescribe or supply corrective-protective devices. (1969, c. 1050, s. 4; 1981, c. 423, s. 1.)
Okay, I get it. I’m supposed to teach safety but what I’ve been doing works okay. How do I make it better?
Develop a Safety Program • A safety program includes two parts: • The “soft components” • Safety Instruction • Developing a Safety Culture • Safety Enforcement • The “hardware components” • Safety Inspections and Repairs • Safety Signage and Markings
The “soft components” • Ensure that your administration supports safety instruction AND safety practices and enforcement • Be a safety role model – know and practice safe procedures • Make students partners in safety instruction • Be creative – students will respond to a creative approach • Help students understand that you care about them, therefore, you will enforce safety rules – better yet – they care about each other so they enforce the rules without you intervening often • Make safety part of the culture of your class and shop • Instruct safety on an as needed basis – don’t overkill • Ensure students recognize that safe behaviors are required in your shop, on the job and at home • Aim for safety to be second nature in your class and shop – “it is just what we do”
The “hardware components” • Develop an inspection routine daily, weekly, monthly etc • Develop a preventive maintenance routine daily, weekly, monthly etc • Develop a lockout/tag out procedure for machines and tools that are down for repair/maintenance • Institute a policy on guards – “If the guard on a machine needs to be removed for a process, find another machine do the operation safely.”
Guidance on Inspections and Maintenance • NIOSH – National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health • Part of the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) • School Safety Checklist Program • Based on OSHA Regulations and adapted for school use http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/docs/2004-101/ • Categorized by program/course, by hazard, by machine type
Human Factor • All accidents are the result of human error – things don’t just happen – an “Act of God” isn’t an accident • Not all hazards are covered by a rule or checklist – that’s where you come in • If in doubt, act to prevent a potential hazard or hazardous behavior – even if a rule or checklist doesn’t cover it
Conclusion • Children come to school expecting to find a safe and caring environment. They expect to participate in your programs and leave unhurt. • No child deserves to be hurt in your class or shop. • In the end, you are a major key to ensuring their safety.