for the good of the people n.
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    Aztec Social hierarchy Aztec education Contributing to society
  2. THE AZTEC SOCIAL HIERARCHY Traditionally, a person status in society was dictated by the class they were born into In Aztec society there were two main classes, nobles and commoners Most first nations societies prior to the arrival of the Europeans were hierarchical A hierarchy is a social system where status is ranked and power is concentrated in the higher ranks At the top of the Aztec hierarchy was Huey Tlattonai, which means the Great Speaker
  4. THE AZTEC SOCIAL HEIRARCHY EMPEROR The leader came from nobles but became his own class. Role was not inherited. Council of nobles voted for the Emperor. NOBLES are 10-15% of population but held most of the power. Priests came from the nobles. COMMONERS anyone not a noble. Generally determined by birth, but people could work up into other classes There were different amounts of wealth and power between different groups in the same level
  5. ROLE OF THE EMPEROR Treated like a god People obeyed without question Given all luxuries possible Lived in a palace Carried through the streets by servants Huge responsibilities as chief priest and commander in chief of Aztec army
  6. FAMILY CLANS Society organized into units called calpolli Lived in the same neighbourhood and worshipped at the same temple Some based on occupations others based on family Calpolli owned the land were members lived Had an elected captain and council Assigned land and houses Collected taxes Kept neighbourhoods clean
  7. MERCHANTS AND FARMERS MERCHANTS Richest calpolli Went on expeditions, acted as spies, brought back goods Paid taxes for the benefit of the state Detailed knowledge of geography and foreign cities made them valuable advisors during wartime FARMERS Grew crops Skilled hunters and fishers Sold goods in market Gave share of produce in taxes
  8. ARTISANS Artisans are skilled craftworkers Mask makers, goldsmiths, feather workers were some examples of Aztec artisans Feather work was only worn by nobility as it was the most valued item in Aztec society The most prized feathers were of the quetzal bird they were associated with the god , Quetzalcoatl, the feathered serpent Aztecs collected feathers as part of tribute they collected from people they ruled Tribute were items of value from conquered people
  9. THE TLATELOCIO MARKET It was the largest market of the Aztec empire Cortes wrote that he believed it could hold up to 60,000 people at a time Historians believed up to 25,000 people visited per day Goods on display included fabric, clothing, pottery, jewellery and food Cacao beans were so valuable they were a form of currency The market had its own police force and vendors who cheated their customers were sold into slavery
  10. WHAT YOU COULD BUY AT THE TLATELOLCO MARKET The market was a great source of pride it was the first place the Aztecs showed the Spanish upon their arrival in Tenochtitlan
  11. STATUS AND THE AZTECS Clothing, jewellery, size and location of house all indicated status Success on the battlefield can mean advancement Warrior taking four enemies prisoner immediately eligible for high social status Aztecs attitude towards wealth was a contrast to most first nations for whom displays of wealth were considered selfish What are modern examples of status symbols?
  12. AZTEC EDUCATION The Aztecs pampered their children until age three after which they were expected to be hardworking and obedient Goal was said to be to create citizens with a stone heart and a stone face Aztec children were educated at home until they started school It is estimated they started school from ages 10-15 All schooling was free and every child went to school There were two types of school The calmecac for nobles The telpochcalli for commoners
  13. THE CALMECAC Located in their neighbourhoods and usually part of a temple Studied religion, reading, writing, math, music, law and the calendar Only nobles were educated to read and write Writing was a series of glyphs Pictures or symbols used in writing Number system was a base 20 using both fingers and toes to count All boys trained as warriors At age 15 boys became warriors and took an active role in battle
  14. THE CALMECAC When an Aztec boy was born his umbilical cord was buried in the battlefield. When a girl was born her umbilical was buried beneath the fireplace in the family home. What do you think is the symbolic significance of each placement?
  15. TELPOCHCALLI EDUCATION Received oral (not written) instruction in history, religion, citizenship, and music Specific instruction in flutes, drums and the sacred dances Boys did lots of physical labour at school Families trained their children for their family trade Girls were educated regardless of social rank However at age 16 most girls got married and moved in with their husbands Women also had opportunities as army doctors, healers, priestesses, matchmakers and midwives
  16. AZTEC CITIZENSHIP Students were taught to be good citizens
  17. LAWS AND LAWMAKING System of written laws protected the rights of the people Nobles were often judged more severely than commoners as they were to set a good example Small crimes-punishment fines or slavery The Aztecs did not have prisons so punishment for serious crimes, like theft was death There was some protection for slaves under Aztec law Slavery was not considered a permanent or shameful condition
  18. SLAVE LAWS Itzcoatl was the 4th Aztec emperor even though he was born the son of a slave woman Were protected because they were valuable If a noble beat a slave to death, the noble could be executed If a slave could escape to the Emperor while being sold, they won their freedom Slaves could maintain their property while they paid off their debts Slaves could become free when they cleared their debts Children born to slaves were free