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Shibao Guo University of Calgary & Don DeVoretz RIIM/Simon Fraser University March 25, 2006 PowerPoint Presentation
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Shibao Guo University of Calgary & Don DeVoretz RIIM/Simon Fraser University March 25, 2006

Shibao Guo University of Calgary & Don DeVoretz RIIM/Simon Fraser University March 25, 2006

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Shibao Guo University of Calgary & Don DeVoretz RIIM/Simon Fraser University March 25, 2006

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  1. Settling West: Exploring the Integration Experience of Recent Mainland Chinese Immigrants in Edmonton Shibao Guo University of Calgary & Don DeVoretz RIIM/Simon Fraser University March 25, 2006

  2. Outline • Contextual information • A questionnaire approach • Report of findings • Conclusions and implications

  3. Canadian Immigration Policy • Pre-1967: racial background • 1967: the immigration point system • 1980s: business immigration program • 1990s: highly skilled immigrants • 2001 Census • 18.4% - born outside Canada • 13.4% - visible minorities • 1,029,400 Chinese Canadians

  4. History of Chinese Immigrants • 1858: Chinese arrived in Victoria • Coolie workers and chain migrants: CPR • From Guangdong & Fujian • Single men with rural origins • 1885 – 1923: head tax ($50 - $500) • 1923: Chinese Immigration Act • 1947: repeal of 1923 Act

  5. Chinese Emigration • China: isolated since 1949 • 1973: establishment of diplomatic relations • Open door polices since 1978 • 1990s: emigration phase

  6. The Chinese Leaver-Stayer Project • Examines the underlying forces that influence the “move-stay” decision for Chinese immigrants • Two stages 1. Seeks understanding of the integration experience of Chinese immigrants in Canada 2. The experience of Chinese immigrants who returned “home” • The Canadian portion of the project involves a matched study in five cities: Vancouver, Toronto, Montreal, Calgary, and Edmonton

  7. Research Questions • Why do some people decide to leave while others stay? • Who leaves, who stays, and why? • Does Canada push them back home or do forces in their home country attract them back? • What are the integration experiences of those who stayed in Canada? • What are the policy implications?

  8. The Edmonton Study Focusing on the integration experience of recent Mainland Chinese immigrants in Edmonton

  9. Questionnaire • Basic information • Motivations for immigrating • Integration experience in Canada • Concluding remarks

  10. I: Basic Information

  11. Major Cities They Came From

  12. a. Further Studies b. Higher Paying Job c. More Job Security d. Opportunities for Promotion e. Less Stress Family Reunion Taking Care of Parents Living in the Canadian Culture i. Speaking English Seeking New Opportunities Acquiring Canadian Citizenship or Permanent Residency Education for the Children m. Natural Environment n. Joining My Old Friends o. Other Motivations II. Motivations for Immigrating to Canada

  13. Top Five Motivations for Moving to Canada

  14. Top Five Major Barriers Preventing from Achieving Goals

  15. III: Integration Experience in Canada • Any difficulties of integrating into Canadian society? • Employment experiences in Canada • Social experience • Impressions of Canada • Experience with government and non-government organizations

  16. Top Five Major Difficulties Facing Integration

  17. IV: Concluding Remarks • What could the Canadian government do to help new Chinese immigrants integrate into Canadian society more effectively? • How could the two governments cooperate to help Chinese immigrants? • Anything else you’d like to add?

  18. Policy Implications • What can Canadian Government do to help retain this group of immigrants? • How can we facilitate immigrant’s access to the labour market? • What are the policy implications of this research to other immigrants in Canada?

  19. Thank you!