Poetry andFigurative Language Created by: Ms. Thomson 2009
Unit Vocabulary • Figurative Language • Simile • Metaphor • Personification • Alliteration • Onomatopoeia • Hyperbole
Figurative Language • Definition: • Language that the writer uses to have us “read-between-the-lines” • Looking at what the authormeansnot what the author specifically says • There are 7 terms that go under the “UMBRELLA” of figurative language • Figurative Phrases/Idioms • Metaphors • Similes • Personification • Alliteration • Onomatopoeia • Hyperbole
Simile 2. A simile is a comparison using like or as. It usually compares two dissimilar objects. Example: His foot is as big as a boat. His foot A boat The Simile Song
Metaphor 3. A metaphor is a comparison of 2unlike thingsWITHOUT using the words “like” or “as” • The 2 things being compared must have something in commonwith each other • States it as though it is a FACT Example: Her hair is silk.
Personification 4. Personification is when you give human qualities, feelings, actions, or characteristics to inanimate (non-living) objects. • Not used with animals - talking animals are considered fantasy Example: The window winked at me.
Alliteration 5. An alliteration is the repetition of beginning sounds in a sequence of words Example: Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers.
Onomatopoeia 6. An onomatopoeia is a word that demonstrates or illustrates a sound. Example words: cluck, boing, fizz Example sentence: The chicken went cluck, cluck, cluck as it searched for food. cluck, cluck, cluck
Onomatopoeia Eve Merriam The rusty spigot sputters, utters a splutter, spatters a smattering of drops, gashes wider; slash, splatters, scatters, spurts, finally stops sputtering and plash! gushes rushes splashes clear water dashes.
Hyperbole 7. A hyperbole is a figure of speech which is an exaggeration. It is used for emphasis or effect. Example: I could sleep for a year.
Figurative Language Activity Create an illustration about school, home, yourself, or your favorite sport that includes a at least one element of figurative language. • Can be one of the following • Figurative Phrases / Idioms • Hyperbole / Simile / Metaphor / Alliteration • Write a sentence about your illustration. • Write the literal meaning of the figurative language used on the back of the paper. • The illustration should be the literal representationof your figure of speech.
Writing Poetry Elements of Poetry
Central Idea (Theme) • Focus of the poem • Tells what the poem is about Possible Themes in Poetry - Seasons - Emotions - Life Events
Purpose • The reason why you are writing the poem • Ask yourself 3 questions… 1. Who is your audience and what do you want to tell them? 2. What is your theme? 3. How can you support the theme with descriptive elements?
Write with a Purpose • 3 Reasons to Write • Persuade = get others to feel a specific way about your topic • Entertain = to hold the readers attention with something amusing • Inform = to give facts (details) about your topic
Sick By: Shel Silverstein "I cannot go to school today"Said little Peggy Ann Mckay."I have the measles and the mumps,A gash, a rash and purple bumps.My mouth is wet, my throat is dry.I'm going blind in my right eye.My tonsils are as big as rocks,I've counted sixteen chicken poxAnd there's one more-that's seventeen,And don't you think my face looks green?
My leg is cut, my eyes are blueIt might be instamatic flu.I cough and sneeze and gasp and choke,I'm sure that my left leg is brokeMy hip hurts when I move my chin,My belly button's caving in,My back is wrenched, my ankle's sprained,My 'pendix pains each time it rains.My toes is cold, my toes are numb,I have a sliver in my thumb.My neck is stiff, my voice is weak,I hardly whisper when I speak.
My tongue is filling up my mouth,I think my hair is falling out.My elbow's bent my spine ain't straight,My temperature is one-o-eight.My brain is shrunk, I cannot hear,There's a hole inside my ear.I have a hangnail, and my heart is - What?What's that? What's that you say?You say today is .......Saturday?G'bye, I'm going out to play!" For what purpose do you think the author wrote this poem?
Important RulesHere are some rules for you and me,See how important they can be.Always be honest, be kind and fair,Always be good and willing to share.These are rules we all should know,We follow these rules wherever we go. For what purpose do you think the author wrote this poem?
Review of Poems • Sick by Shel Silverstein • Theme = ______________ • Purpose = _____________ • Important Rules • Theme = ______________ • Purpose = _____________
Poetry Mood • Mood = the atmosphere or feeling set up by the author, usually through the setting. • Types of moods in Poetry: somber / sad “other worldly” light-hearted comical / silly thought provoking feeling fear feeling of chaos feeling of peace
PromisesPromises weave webs of distrustpromises burrowing beneath earth's soilpromises howling wolves in dark nightspromises attacking hearts with gentle mindspromises created by mouths of firepromises torment those at restpromises burning the eyes of the believerspromises hang from trees of deceptionpromises creep in the corners of darknesspromises better left unsaid. by Natalie from Jakarta, Indonesia • Theme = ______________ • Purpose = ______________ • Mood = ______________
Dinner Party Dinner was set for threeAt Dracula's house by the seaThe hors d'oeuvres were fineBut I choked on the wineWhen I found out the main course was me. • Theme = ______________ • Purpose = ______________ • Mood = ______________
Poetry Forms • Just like the body has a skeleton to hold its shape, poems have structures that hold their ideas together. In poetry, that "skeleton" is called form. • Examples: Limerick Cinquian Haiku Shape or Concrete Free Verse Acrostic
Poetry Forms • Rhyming Couplet: simple verse in which the last words rhyme. I think it's great That you can skate • Quatrain: a poem with four lines. The lines may all rhyme or rhyming lines may be offset. I Grew a Foot this Summer I grew a foot this summer and I wish it wasn't true. I'm not twelve inches taller, I just need an extra shoe.
Poetry Forms • Limerick: silly five-line poems with a distinct pattern • Cinquain: five-line poems that are great for building vocabulary. • I once knew a woman named Kate. • Who decided she wanted to skate. • She took off ' cross the ice. • And she fell once, then twice, • But we think that Katy skates great. • Snow (subject,noun) • Silent,silvery (two adjectives) • Falling, whirling, floating(three verbs) • Covering the street so white(descriptive phrases) • Winter(noun)
Poetry Forms • Haiku: Japanese poetry style consisting of three lines with 5 syllables in the first line, 7 syllables in the second, and 5 in the third. Most haiku are about nature. Autumn leaves fall down. Billowy piles at my feet. I tumble in them.
Poetry Forms • Concrete (shape) Poem: format takes on the shape of its subject through words, ideas, type and design • Free-verse: Poems that don’t necessarily rhyme or follow a strict pattern
Poetry Forms • Acrostic: uses the letters in the topic word to begin each line. All lines of the poem should relate to or describe the topic word.
Poetry Warm-Up • 2 Social Studies Poems - Egypt • Acrostic Vocabulary Poem • The Important Poem
Acrostic Vocabulary Poem • This poem should introduce a Social Studies vocabulary word from your Egypt Unit. • The poem should be written in an Acrostic Format.
Mrs. Petersen Skills __ / “P” hour __ Example Poem Acrostic Vocabulary Poem C A R A V A N arts, crates, cargo, cash cross many lands oaming together ssyria, Asia Minor ariety of goods and services ccounts recorded by scribes ineveh
Name: _________________ Skills Hour __ / “P” hour __ Rough Draft _____________________________ _____________________________ Plan Your Acrostic Poem _____________________________ _____________________________ _____________________________ 1. My Poem will be about ________________ . 2. Write each letter of your vocabulary word in a box (spelled vertically). 3. Now on each line, write a word or phrase that starts with that letter and describes your vocabulary word. _____________________________ Include a picture representation of your chosen word for the Final Copy. _____________________________ _____________________________ _____________________________ _____________________________
Margaret Wise Brown Example Poem The Important Poem The important thing about a spoon is that you eat with it. It’s like a little shovel, You hold it in your hand, You can put it in your mouth, It isn’t flat, It’s hollow, And it spoons things up. But the important thing about a spoon is that you eat with it.
Name: _________________ Skills Hour __ / “P” Hour__ Example Format The Important Poem - Example The most important thing about Egypt is __________________________________________ ______________________________________ . __________________________________________ __________________________________________ __________________________________________ But the most important thing about Egypt is __________________________________________ ______________________________________ . Include a picture representation of your “important fact” for the Final Copy. Fact about Egypt Fact about Egypt Fact about Egypt