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Root Cause Analysis Workshop

Root Cause Analysis Workshop

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Root Cause Analysis Workshop

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  1. Root Cause Analysis Workshop Pima Medical Institute, Albuquerque, New Mexico Friday; May 18, 2007; 8:30 am

  2. Agenda • Welcome • Introductions and Participant’s Goals • How root cause analysis can be used • Group Work • Student Retention • Student Placement • Group Report • Brief workshop assessment

  3. Welcome • Goal of workshop • Purpose of workshop • Process of workshop

  4. Introductions • Tell me about yourself • Role of the facilitator, Linda Hawkins

  5. How Root Cause Analysis Is Used & Example • Can be used across the board in many different areas • Takes time, effort, and should be have a cost benefit, but the overall goal is to take an occurrence, find out what happened and make sure it never happens again. • Example: Joe is absent again and was late for 3 classes before mid-terms. When he is in class, he participates in the activities, takes good notes, turns in his homework and adheres to the dress code. He had a 78 average going into the mid-term but last week he took the mid-term exam and did poorly. He is at risk of failure.

  6. Overview Discussion • What is Root Cause Analysis? • A tool designed to help identify not only what and how an event occurred, but also why it happened. • Understanding why an event occurred is key to developing effective recommendations • Answering the why question helps to identify root causes to prevent recurrences

  7. Overview Discussion • Definition • Root causes are specific underlying causes • More specific the better

  8. Overview Discussion • Definition • Root causes are those that can reasonably be identified • Must be cost beneficial

  9. Overview Discussion • Definition • Root causes are those management has control to fix • Know exactly why a failure occurred

  10. Overview Discussion • Definition • Root causes are those for which effective recommendations for preventing recurrences can be generated • Should directly address the identified root causes

  11. Overview Discussion • Four Major Steps: • Data Collection • Causal factor charting • Root cause identification • Recommendation generation and implementation

  12. Overview Discussion • Data Collection • Goal of the data collection is: • Probe the data to determine what happened during the occurrence • Describe how it happened • Understand why it happened

  13. Overview Discussion • Casual Factor Chart • Sequence diagram that describes events • Shape convention: • What happened (the occurrence)? • Logic questions? • Causal factors: • Start Causal Factor Chart with beginning data collection. It should drive the data collection process. • When the occurrence is charted, start identifying the major contributors with logic questions. • What are the causal factors?

  14. Why didn’t Joe have change? Why did Joe miss the bus? Why is Joe absent? Joe works during banking hours & couldn’t get change Joe didn’t have right change Joe missed the bus Joe is absent Joe leaves for work then class CF Why was Joe late for the bus? Joe didn’t have a bus schedule Joe was late for the bus CF Joe worked overtime Overview Discussion • Casual Factor Chart

  15. Overview Discussion • Root Cause Identification • Shape convention: • Primary issue: • Problem category: • Root cause category: • Near root cause: • Root cause: • Develop Root Cause Map • Purpose is to identifying the underlying reason or reasons for each causal factor

  16. Start here w/each CF Equipment difficulty Equipment availability problem? Admin/Mgt Availability Problem? Student Resource Problem? Procedures Issue? • Design Input • Design Output • No training • Decision not to train • Training requirements not identified • Not used • Not available/inconvenient • Procedure difficult to use • Use not required but should be • No procedure or task Problem ID Control Problem reporting Problem analysis Audits Corrective Action Corrective actions not yet implemented Change machine • Training records system • Training records incorrect • Training records not up to date Bus pass dispenser • Misleading/confusing • Format confusing • More than 1 action per step • Inadequate checklist • Difficult to identify • Training • Job/task analysis • Program design/objectives • Lesson content • Training resources Overview Discussion • Root Cause Identification

  17. Overview Discussion • Root Cause Summary Table Recommendation Generation and Implementation • Goal: • Achievable recommendations for preventing its reoccurrence • Provide Joe a bus route schedule and map • Provide Joe a bus pass • As required, develop an implementation plan for achievable recommendations

  18. Overview Discussion • Root Cause Summary Table

  19. Overview Discussion • Presentation of Results • Root Cause Summary Tables • Purpose • Organize the information compiled during data analysis • Root Cause identification • Recommendation generation • Process • First column: general description of causal factor w/background information • Second column: path or paths through the Root Cause Map associated with the causal factor • Third column: presents recommendations to address each of the root causes identified

  20. Group Work Student Retention, Team One Problem description: Student retention at Pima Medical Institute is……. It has caused ……., resulting in….. Student Placement, Team Two Problem description: Student placement at Pima Medical Institute is …… It has caused….., resulting in……

  21. Group Reports • Student Retention, Team One • Student Placement, Team Two

  22. Workshop Assessment • Did the workshop meet your goals? • Do you have any recommendations to improve the workshop? • Will you be able to take the information you learned from the workshop and use it? • In what way?