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Tree Identification Powerpoint

Tree Identification Powerpoint. Forested. The definition of forested (land that is forested or has trees growing on it): to be classified as forested (forestland) the area must be at least one acre and contain at least 10% tree cover . Project Learning Tree. Dendrology.

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Tree Identification Powerpoint

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  1. Tree Identification Powerpoint

  2. Forested • The definition of forested (land that is forested or has trees growing on it): to be classified as forested (forestland) the area must be at least one acre and contain at least 10% tree cover. Project Learning Tree

  3. Dendrology • ‘Dendro-’ from the Greek word meaning tree • ‘-ology’ meaning the study of • Dendrology is the study of trees and includes taxonomy, identification, silivical characteristics, ranges, morphology, and ecology

  4. Vocabulary • Taxonomy is the study of the classification of living things. • Morphology is the study of the shape, general appearance, or form of an organism. • Silviculture is the care and cultivation of forest trees. • Ecology is the study of the relationships between living and non-living things and their environment.

  5. What makes a tree a tree? • Heights at least 4.5 meters (about 15 feet) • Single dominant woody stem (trunk or bole) • Capable of diameter growth • Perennial plant (present at all seasons of the year)

  6. What makes a shrub a shrub? • Heights under 4.5 meters (less than 15 feet) • Multi-stemmed • Capable of diameter growth • Perennial plant

  7. Tree Identification By observing leaves

  8. Conifers vs. Deciduous

  9. Which is Which?

  10. Characteristics of Conifers • Needle shaped leaves • Seeds that develop inside cones • Evergreen – green year round • Gymnosperm, conifer, softwood • Examples: pine, spruce, hemlock, fir

  11. Examples of conifers Balsam fir Red pine Douglas fir White pine Fraser fir Scotch pine

  12. Needle like Scale like Conifer leaves

  13. Clusters Singles Conifer needles

  14. Deciduous Tree Characteristics • Broad flat leaves • Lose all leaves each year in the fall • Angiosperm (flowering plants), broadleaf, hardwood • Examples: oak, maple, beech, aspen, ash

  15. Deciduous examples Red oak Elm Honey locust Red maple White birch beech Crimson king Black locust

  16. Exceptions • Larch trees have cones and needles, but lose their leaves each year. • Yew trees have needle shaped leaves and are evergreen but have berries not cones. • Holly trees have broad flat leaves and it is evergreen.

  17. Leaf characteristics-deciduous • Leaf arrangement: whorl, alternate, opposite • Leaf type: simple or compound • Leaf edge: entire (smooth), lobed (projection), toothed (serrated) • Leaf texture: hairy, waxy, rough, smooth, thick, thin, etc. • Leaf shape: various

  18. Leaf Arrangement alternate opposite whorl

  19. Leaf TypeSimple vs. Compound

  20. Only one leaf blade Joined by its stalk to the woody stem Examples: maple, oak, aspen, beech Made up of several leaflets Leaflets are joined to a midrib that is not woody Examples: ash, walnut, sumac Simple Compound

  21. Simple or Compound?

  22. What is the leaf type?

  23. Leaf EdgeLobed , smooth, toothed?

  24. Leaf Texture

  25. Leaf Shape

  26. Venation Patterns • Venation is the pattern of veins in the blade of a leaf. Two main types • Parallel –a. pinnately and b. palmately • Reticulated a. Pinnate reticulated b. Palmate reticulated

  27. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iBgzYmTPJYc

  28. Venation Patterns

  29. More characteristics to ID trees • Bark • Twigs • Flowers • Fruits/Seeds • Cones • Overall shape

  30. Bark • Color • Texture • Furrows • Age • Thorns

  31. Twig clues • Leaf scars aka buds are the places where the leaves used to be attached • Size color and shape of buds also useful to ID trees

  32. Flower clues • Shape • Color • Texture • Size

  33. Fruits & Seeds

  34. Cones

  35. Overall shape

  36. Used in day to day conversation Usually based on a characteristic or region of origin Sometimes named after the person who studied the species Often confusing Each species is uniquely identified Made up of two parts, the genus and species Groups similar individuals More accurate CommonScientific NAMES

  37. Scientific names • Two part name binomial nomenclature • Made up of the genus and the species • Written in italics • Example: Pinus strobus

  38. Leaf Observations

  39. Can you identify this leaf?

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