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Cross-Border Cooperation

Cross-Border Cooperation. November 17, 2003. Purpose. Highlight how Canada and US advance cross-border cooperation Canada-US law enforcement context Challenges, successes, and lessons learned

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Cross-Border Cooperation

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  1. Cross-Border Cooperation November 17, 2003

  2. Purpose • Highlight how Canada and US advance cross-border cooperation • Canada-US law enforcement context • Challenges, successes, and lessons learned • Consider how Canada-US tools might be applied to bilateral/multilateral relationships within the hemisphere

  3. Canada-US Relationship • Complex relationship with many challenges • Different methods but similar objectives • Success relies on intelligence-led and multi-disciplinary approaches • Canada-US Smart Border Declaration post 9-11 renewed commitment to enhance border cooperation

  4. Cross-Border Crime Forum:Overview • Bilateral consultative mechanism first established in 1997 to address emerging problem of cross-border crime • Has since evolved to address various cross-border law enforcement and national security concerns • Focus on development of best practices and tools to resolve operational/policy/legal obstacles

  5. Cross-Border Crime Forum: Successes • Joint Threat Assessments • Applied to organized crime, firearms trafficking, identity theft, migrant smuggling, and illicit drugs • Leads to informed policy development • Development of multi-agency enforcement teams • IBETs • Enhanced information exchange • MOU to facilitate electronic exchange of fingerprints

  6. Cross-Border Crime Forum:Lessons Learned • Success achieved with strong, sustained political leadership • Agenda set based on joint priorities • Strong secretariat, long-term and ad hoc working groups to drive agenda • Ensure broad spectrum of stakeholders • Coordination and cooperation need not be expensive

  7. Cross-Border Crime Forum: Workshop • Workshop will address themes raised in this presentation • Timeframe: March 29-April 1, 2004 (location to be determined)

  8. Cross Border Law Enforcement: Tools • The Cross-Border Crime Forum sets the policy direction for Canada-US cross-border law enforcement cooperation • The Royal Canadian Mounted Police develop the law enforcement tools that we use to fight crime at the border

  9. Intelligence-led Policing • Uses criminal intelligence analysis as an objective decision-making tool • Develops effective policing strategies • Involves external partnerships and a change of culture and process

  10. Criminal Operational Model • Introduced in early 2000 • Management tool/guide for criminal operations • Focus all resources on priorities • Planning to become: • Intelligence-led • Proactive, and allows for strategic and tactical decision making

  11. Criminal Operational Model • Integrated intelligence • Threat Assessment (Sleipnir) • Intelligence Sharing • Integrated operations • Integrated Teams • Cross-Border Cooperation


  13. SLEIPNIR: Workshop • Analytical threat-measurement technique • Assesses the relative threat posed by crime groups • Sets national operational priorities based on the level of threat • 20 participants, 5-days, Feb 2004, South America

  14. Undercover Operations: Workshop • Establishment of an undercover program • Benefits and dangers in undercover operations • Selection process for undercover personnel • Focus on the countries of the Andean sub-region. • 20 participants, 5-day workshop, South America, Feb 2004.

  15. Human Sources and Source Witness Protection: Workshop • Financial and psychological support • Security issues • Address human rights concerns • Consistent standards in multi-jurisdictional cases • 20 participants, 5-days, Caribbean, 2004

  16. Conclusion • By working together to manage the various aspects of the drug problem at and across our hemisphere’s borders, we will all be doing our part to address the hemispheric drug problem

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