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Industrial Issues in Software Performance

Industrial Issues in Software Performance

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Industrial Issues in Software Performance

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  1. Industrial Issues in Software Performance Aman Shaikh AT&T Labs - Research ashaikh@research.att.com June 24, 2008 7th International Workshop on Software and Performance Princeton Acknowledgement: Alan Glasser, Kobus van der Merwe,Jennifer Yates

  2. Introduction • Communication service providers • Various services: voice, video, data • Various ways of connecting to customer • Ethernet, Frame Relay, ATM, Wireless, … • Trend towards supporting all communication over IP-based core network • Today’s IP networks and services • Thousands of equipments and systems have to work in tandem • Routers, switches, servers, line cards … • Provisioning, configuration, trouble-shooting, maintenance, capacity planning, billing, … • Huge amalgamation of hardware and software Industrial Issues in Software Performance

  3. Challenges of Managing Networks • Lack of management support • Absence of standardization in network management • Solutions often develop in an organic fashion • Scale • Hundreds of offices, thousands of routers, hundred thousands of line cards and transport facilities • Heterogeneity • Different kinds of equipments • Example: routers, switches, servers, line cards, … • Different vendors and models for same equipment • Example of router vendors: Cisco, Juniper, Alcatel, … • Cisco router models: CRS, GSR, 7200 series, … • Variety of service offerings with wide variety of features Industrial Issues in Software Performance

  4. Challenges of Managing Networks • Constant churn • Customers, services, technology • Explosive growth • Internet traffic is predicted to double every two years • http://newsroom.cisco.com/dlls/2008/ekits/Cisco_Visual_Networking_Index_061608.pdf • More stringent requirements and expectations • Service delivery model of IP is best effort • Works for original applications of the Internet: file transfer, e-mail and newsgroup • Applications such as VoIP, IPTV, gaming require strong performance guarantees from the network • Deliver packets reliably within a certain time bound • Security • Internet’s intrinsic model: “Trust every packet and do not charge for it” Industrial Issues in Software Performance

  5. P P P P P P P P C C C C C C C C P P P P P P P P P P P P C C C C C C C C C C C C PE PE PE PE PE PE PE PE PE PE E E E E E E E E E E Tier-1 Service Provider Network DWDM systems OC-48 or OC-192 DWDM PoP Intercity PoP Customer facing PE interfaces PoP Metro • Rough Numbers • 100s of offices • 100s of Ps, 1000s of PEs, 10000s of CEs • 100,000s of transport facilities LEC CE CPE Access CE CPE PoP: Point-of-Presence P: Backbone (core) Router PE: Provider Edge Router CE: Customer Edge Router Industrial Issues in Software Performance

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  7. Implications for Software Requirement • Need to translate network requirements into software requirements • Example: what does five-9’s of availability mean for software on a router? • Need to determine performance requirement for tomorrow, not today • Accommodate for growth that occurs during expected life-time of a software Industrial Issues in Software Performance

  8. Implications for Software Development • How to write reliable and robust software? • Systems need to work 24 x 7 • Under non-deterministic and unpredictable environment • Systems should handle errors and overload gracefully • Systems should support hit-less upgrade • How to write scalable and extensible software? • Software often lives longer than originally anticipated • How to integrate software with existing systems? • Integration with legacy software often a challenge • Implication for performance • Cater to lowest common denominator • Exploit opportunities available for parallelism Industrial Issues in Software Performance

  9. Implications for Software Testing • How to generate network-like conditions during testing? • Enumerating all possible conditions is infeasible • However, “untested feature interaction” can lead to problems • Creating network scale is nearly impossible • Simulators and emulators do exist, but do not always scale to the extent of large real networks Industrial Issues in Software Performance

  10. My World-View • Knowing performance requirements upfront is vital • But in real world, this is often not possible • Or performance requirements change/evolve over time • Due to growth • Longer than expected shelf-life of software • How to cope with evolving performance requirements? • Analyze how software is likely to scale with input parameters • Those Big-Oh and Big-Omega’s are important • Use tools to determine actual performance • Humans not very good judge of performance and bottlenecks • Have a modular design • Cleanly separate interface and implementation • (Re)-use existing libraries/modules • Document, document, document, … • So that someone else can pick up the threads • Or you yourself don’t feel lost when you re-visit your code Industrial Issues in Software Performance