By Cory Gish The Black Plague
Learning Target • I can explain how the Black Plague affected peoples’ lives then and now. • People lived in fear back during times when the Black Plague was alive and killing people. • Today, most people realize that the Black Plague is dead, except in labs, but some people are afraid that it will strike again.
Symptoms of bubonic, pneumonic, and septicemic plague • The bacteria called Yersinia pestis, found in rodents and their fleas, caused each one of these forms of the Black Plague. They don’t survive in sunlight or when being dried. When outside, they won’t last more than an hour. • Bubonic plague symptoms: large lymph nodes in the neck, under the armpit, or in the groin, fever, headache, chills, nausea, vomiting, unusual pain, diarrhea which may be bloody, less hungry, and tiny broken blood vessels. This is the most common disease of the three forms of the Black Plague.
Symptoms continued • Septicemic plague symptoms: chills, fever, faster heart rate, severe headache, nausea, vomiting, delirium(confusion), and death. Pneumonic plague symptoms: (begins with) fever, weakness, headache. (rapidly developing pneumonia) Shortness of breath, chest pain, cough, bloody or watery saliva and coming from respiratory passages. Travels through the air.
What Families did to avoid the Black Plague • Families would avoid each other. • Take hot bathes. • Allow no pet or animal to come near them. • When they hear of any plague in the area, they flee. • Once away from everyone, take an extremely hot bath, burn the clothes they traveled in, and put on clean clothes. • Spray mint or pennyroyal to discourage fleas to come in your house. • Keep a fire going, even in the summer. • Stay away from any public place. • Pray
What people felt then and now • The people thought that God was punishing them for their sins. • The people prayed and confessed their sins. • The doctors of the time were mystified and they had little to offer for a cure and an explanation. • Now, people fear that terrorists would bring it back and attack them in arsenal form.
How to fix it • They would use antibiotics, such as Streptomycin, Gentamicin(Garamycin), Chloramphenicol,Tetracyclines(Sumycin), and Fluoroquinolones. • People that are suspected of being exposed to the plague should receive the antibiotics immediately.
How many countries it affected • It started in Italy, then spread all over Europe. Next, it spread all over Asia, the U.S., Africa, and South America.
Does it still exist today • Most people think that the Black Plague died out back in the 14th century. • Does it still exist, yes because a group of scientists brought it back from dead victims’ teeth.
Citation • "Septicemic Plague." Plague Home Page. Web. 24 Feb. 2012.