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TOEFL vs. IELTS vs. TOEIC PowerPoint Presentation
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TOEFL vs. IELTS vs. TOEIC

TOEFL vs. IELTS vs. TOEIC

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TOEFL vs. IELTS vs. TOEIC

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  1. TOEFL vs. IELTS vs. TOEIC Bruce Rogers Heinle Cengage VUS Conference 23 July 2011

  2. Overview • General Information • Test Design • Score Comparisons • Discussion

  3. General Information 1

  4. General Information 1

  5. General Information 2

  6. General Information 2

  7. General Information 3

  8. General Information 3

  9. General Information 4

  10. General Information 4

  11. General Information

  12. General Information 4

  13. TEST DESIGN: Different Formats TOEFL • iBT (Internet-based TOEFL) • PBT (Paper-based TOEFL) IELTS • Academic • General Training TOEIC • Listening-Reading • Speaking-Writing

  14. TOEFL PBT TOEFL iBT

  15. IELTS Academic and General Training Tests

  16. TOEIC

  17. Listening Sections

  18. Listening Sections

  19. Listening TOEFL iBT • Note-taking not only allowed but now encouraged (This is NOT true on the PBT) • TOEFL Listening is unique in its use of “authentic” English … Um’s and ah’s … hesitations … repetitions … digressions … polite interruptions • North American accents • 20 minutes to answer questions (not including listening time) • Total time for Listening section about 50 minutes

  20. Listening TOEFL iBT • 2 longer conversations (campus-based) – 2 people 1 set in professor’s office, 1 set in other campus location (library, recreation center, housing office, etc.) • 400-600 words 12- 15 exchanges 3-5 minutes • Photos of participants appear on screen

  21. Listening TOEFL iBT • 4 academic lectures/discussions (classes/ • seminars) • 500-800 words 4-6 minutes • North American accents • Photos of professor, students • “Blackboard” screens provide additional information, unfamiliar terms, graphs, etc.

  22. Listening TOEFL iBT • 5 questions after each conversation • 6 questions after each lecture; mostly multiple choice • Some question have 2 or 3 correct answers (If 3, 5 options) • Main idea, factual, negative, inference, purpose, attitude

  23. Listening TOEFL iBT • Replay question: First hear a short excerpt from the lecture or conversation, then a question: e.g., “What does the student mean when she says “______________.”

  24. Listening TOEFL iBT Complete the Chart Items • In this lecture, the professor describes the process of the case study method. Indicate whether each of the following is a step in the process.Put a check mark ( ) in the proper box for each phrase.

  25. Listening IELTS Academic Four Sections • Conversation, 2 people (social) • Monolog (social) • Conversation, up to 4 people (academic) • Lecture (academic) • Range of accents: UK, US, Australian, NZ • No note-taking • Total time: 30 minutes listening/answering • 30 seconds to check answers at the end of each section • 10 minutes transferring answers

  26. Listening IELTS Academic • Variety of tasks

  27. Listening IELTS Academic • Spelling counts • Grammar counts • Number of words counts (Some items specify “3 words or fewer”)

  28. TOEFL/IELTS Listening • Advantages of TOEFL • More predictable questions and formats • No points off for spelling, grammar, and number of words • No possibility of mistakes caused by transferring answers • Listening materials are all university focused • Advantages of IELTS • Preview questions • Time to triple-check answers • Can change answers

  29. Listening TOEIC L/R Four Sections A) Sentences about photos (10 items) Choose option that best describes the photo B) Question/Response (30 items) Hear question, then hear 3 possible responses; choose best (First two sections are “pure” tests of listening; do not require any reading)

  30. Listening TOEIC L/R C) Conversations 3-4 exchanges 10 conversations with 3 questions each D) Talks 10 talks, 1-2 minutes long 3 questions each No note taking US, UK, Australian, and Canadian speakers 100 items, 45 minutes

  31. Listening TOEIC L/R • Questions All multiple choice with 4 answer choices (except Question/Response, which has 3 answer choices) Main idea, detail, and (a few) inference questions

  32. Reading Sections

  33. Reading Sections

  34. Reading TOEFL iBT 3-5 passages (only 3 are scored) 3 passages: 60 minutes Each reading averages 700 words Academic topics: science/technology, art/humanities, social sciences, etc. Similar to university textbook excerpts Types of passages: Exposition, classification, comparison/contrast, cause/effect, problem/solution

  35. Reading TOEFL iBT 12-13 questions per reading Mostly multiple choice • Factual and Negative Factual • Vocabulary • Inference • Purpose/Method/Attitude • Pronoun reference

  36. Reading TOEFL iBT Non-multiple choice items • Sentence Paraphrase • Sentence Addition • Last Item: Summary/Complete the chart

  37. Reading TOEFL iBT Sentence Addition Item When drawing human figures, children often make the head too large for the rest of the body. ▄ A recent study offers some insight into this common disproportion in children’s drawings. ▄ As part of the study, researchers asked children between four and seven years old to make several drawings of adults. ▄ When they drew frontal views of these subjects, the sizes of the heads was markedly enlarged. ▄ The researchers suggest that children draw bigger heads when they know that they must leave room for facial details. Therefore, the distorted head size in children’s drawings is a form of planning ahead and not an indication of a poor sense of scale. Look at the four squares (▄) that indicate where the following sentence could be added to the passage. Click the square (▄) to indicate the best place to add the sentence. However, when the children drew rear views of the adults, the size of the heads was not nearly so exaggerated.

  38. Reading TOEFL iBT Summary/Complete the Chart Items: Scoring • Seven-answer chart • 7 correct choices = 4 points • 6 correct choices = 3 points • 5 correct choices = 2 points • 4 correct choices = 1 point • Fewer than 4 correct choices = 0 points • Five-answer chart • 5 correct choices = 3 points • 4 correct choices = 2 points • 3 correct choices = 1 point • Fewer than 3 correct choices = 0 points

  39. Reading IELTS Academic • One Section three passages 40 questions 11 item types 60 minutes Average about 900 words Types of Passages: Narrative, descriptive, argumentative (at least one contains a detailed logical argument

  40. Reading IELTS Academic • #1 Multiple choice(1 key 4 choices; 2 keys 5 choices; 3 keys 7 choices) • #2 Identifying information (True/False/Not Given) • #3 Identifying writer’s views/claims (“Do these statements agree with the author’s views/claims?” Yes/No/Not Given)

  41. Reading IELTS Academic • #4 Matching information:Locate information in the text, write appropriate letter of paragraph/section • #5 Match headings: Match a list of headings (titles) labeled I, ii, iii, iv, etc. with sections of the text (labeled A, B, C etc.) • #6 Matching features:Match features from the text with a list of options—e.g., match a list of people mentioned in the text and eras in which they lived (some may not be used, some may be used more than once)

  42. Reading IELTS Academic • #7 Matching sentence endings: Match first half of sentences with second half; list will contain more 2nd half options then 1st half • #8 Sentence completion: Complete sentences with given number of words from the text: (“Complete the following sentences with no more than 3 words”)

  43. Reading IELTS Academic • #9 Complete a summary/chart/notes:Use a given number of words from the text to fill in blanks in a table, flow chart, summary, etc. • #10 Complete labels on a diagram: Use a given number of words from the text (usually 3 or fewer) to complete labels on a diagram • #11 Short answer: Use a given number of words (usually 3 or fewer) to answer detail questions about the text

  44. Reading TOEFL iBT vs. IELTS Academic • Advantages of TOEFL • More predictable questions • No points off for spelling, grammar, number of words in answers • No possibility of mistakes caused by transferring answers • Advantages of IELTS • No explicit vocabulary questions • Generally seems simpler; less academic vocabulary, fewer grammatically-complex sentences

  45. Reading TOEIC L/R • Three Sections, 60 minutes all multiple choice A) Sentence Completion 40 items Tests First 2 sections tests grammar and vocabulary/usage • Because the number of passengers dropped, the regional government had to increase [---] on intercity trains. A fares B costs Cfunds D tolls

  46. Reading TOEIC L/R • Calwood Industries has installed new equipment that will not only speed up the production process but also [---] and correct potential problems. Aanalysis Banalyst Canalyze D analytical B) Passage Completion Similar to Part A but involves completing sentences in a short passage 4 passages 12 items

  47. Reading TOEIC L/R C) Reading Comprehension 7-10 single readings, 28 questions 4 Paired readings (2 related readings) 20 questions Newspaper/magazine articles, notices, emails, letters, non-prose readings (business or general English)

  48. Reading TOEIC L/R

  49. Speaking Sections

  50. Speaking Sections