Status of Fertilizer Industry Wilma N. Obcemea Ph. D. Chief, Fertilizer Regulatory Division
FPA is mandated under PD 1144 on 30 May 1977 • Assure an adequate supply of fertilizers and pesticides at reasonable prices, • Rationalize the manufacture and marketing of fertilizers • Protect the public from the risks inherent in the use of pesticides • educate the agricultural sector in the use of these inputs
Major Activities • registration and licensing • clean-up drive • field monitoring • product quality control • product stewardship training • rapid composting technology transfer • plant health clinic • crop protection hotline • Close coordination with international organizations
Location of disports for Importers/ Producers PORO SUBIC LIMAY TABACO MANILA BATANGAS CEBU ILOILO CAGAYAN DE ORO DAVAO GENERAL SANTOS
FERTILIZER MARKETING AND DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM IMPORTS LOCAL PRODUCTS UNLOADED AT DISPORTS UNLOADED AT DISPORTS UNLOADED & LOADED AT COMPANY WAREHOUSE UNLOADED & LOADED AT DISTRIBUTION WAREHOUSE UNLOADED & LOADED AT DEALER’S WAREHOUSE UNLOADED & LOADED AT COOPERATIVE’S BODEGA UNLOADED AT COOP MEMBER’S SHED UNLOADED & LOADED AT FARMER’S SHED UNLOADED AT PLANTATION BODEGA
FPA Licensed Fertilizer Handlers Fertilizer Handlers other than dealers a. No of Licensed Handlers per company b. Breakdown of Activities Total (Breakdown per Activity
Number of Licensed Fertilizers Handlers other than Dealers On Per Region Basis As of December 2007* * Includes list of Handlers submitted by Regions per month
Registered / Licensed Trends * Excluding Renewal of Licenses in R-XII, R-XI, CARAGA, ARMM, R-IX, R-VII, R-VI, R-V, R-III & R-II
Number of Registered Fertilizers According To Classification CY2007
Number of Registered Fertilizers On Per Region Basis As of December 2007
FERTILIZER RETAIL PRICES, CY 1997 - 2007 6 Major Fertilizer Grade (Phil. Peso per 50 Kg. Bag) Source: Field Operations Division * As of April 2008
FERTILIZER SUPPLY - DEMAND for CY 1995 - 2007 Volume in '000 Metric Tons * No data from Philphos, Y & C Marketing, Agrotech, La Filipina Uy Gongco, Danat Fertilizer, Phil Planters Cosumers Inc.
2007 Fertilizer Supply and Demand ( N Fertilizers ) ( P Fertilizers ) ( NP Fertilizers ) ( NK Fertilizers ) * No data from Philphos, Y & C Marketing, Agrotech, La Filipina Uy Gongco, Danat Fertilizer, Phil Planters Cosumers Inc.
2007 Fertilizer Supply and Demand ( NPK Fertilizers )
2007 Fertilizer Supply and Demand ( K Fertilizers ) (Other Macro & Micro Nutrients Fertilizers)
AVERAGE FERTILIZER IMPORT PRICE, CY 2002-2007 $ US/ METRIC TON FOB VALUE * As of August 2007 Source: Commercial Invoice thru VAT Exemption Certificate Requests
Country of Origin of Fertilizer Imports Raw Materials
Issues and concerns Spiralling price of fertilizer particularly urea because it is an oil-based commodity. Freight cost is less if the source is near the Philippines e.g. China is now producing urea, though Indonesia, Malaysia and Japan are fertilizer exporters. Government encourages the manufacture of organic fertilizer and biofertilizers (Bio N, Vital N etc.) to augment the supply of inorganic as well as to recycle the nutrients to sustain soil fertility and crop production.
Yield of Corn (t/ha) 2005 WS Super Sweet, UPLB a. Seed Coating at 200 g / 3 kg seed
Yield of Rice (t/ha) Rc 18, 2005 WS UPLB a. Seed Coating as radicles come out before dapog at 200g / 20 kg seed
Yield of Corna (t/ha) a. Adapter from Dr. R. Davide, WS 2000, Barili, Cebu
Relative Number of Atoms of Essential Nutrients in Plants for Normal Growth Relative number of atoms of the essential elements in alfalfa at bloom stage, expressed logarithmically. Note that there are more than 10-million hydrogen atoms for each molybdenum atom. Even so, normal plant growth would not occur without molybdenum. Cobalt is generally present in even smaller quantities in plants than is molybdenum. [Modified from Viets.]
Using BIO-N for Corn • Place seeds in a suitable container and moisten with water. • 2. Pour sufficient amount of inoculants.
2. Mix thoroughly until the seeds are evenly coated. Note: A drop or 2 of sticker may be mixed with water to enhance adsorption of BIO-N on the seeds.
SUMMARY • Bio-N increases yield of rice and corn • It replaces 30-50% of Recommended Rate (RR) of • inorganic fertilizer as supplement for • nitrogen requirement of the crop • Bio-N can increase yield with basal organic • fertilizer