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英语语音 PowerPoint Presentation
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英语语音

英语语音

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英语语音

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  1. Send to: fengxiaorui@staff.neworiental.org 英语语音 冯晓锐 Rita feng

  2. 课程内容 • 一 音标学习 • 48个音标 • 元音 • 单元音 • 双元音 • 辅音 • 清辅音 • 浊辅音 • 二 基本语音知识 • 英语中常见的联读 • 重音与节奏 • 语调的学习

  3. Part one: [i:] 和 [i] • [i:] words: • Freeze see deal (It’s a deal) • bean (Mr. bean's holiday) (coffee beans) • green (a green hand) • bee (no bees, no honey. no work, no money) • cheap (not expensive) receive key (that’s the key point) police sentences I am so proud of you • Please see me in three weeks! • Teenagers should eat a lot of beef. • It’s my treat today. • A friend in need is a friend indeed. • Neither he nor she believes that I see the sleeping sheep.

  4. Part one: [i:] 和 [i] • [i] • words : • big (a big big girl) pig hit (hit a big pig) • lip (lipstick) zip (zip your lips!) • Kid (Are you kidding me?) (kids English) • Business ( business is business) • win (winner) still kill (killer, lady killer) list • chips (fish and chips) prison (prison break) • miss kiss sentences • It’s a pity they missed the outing . • A pig falls into a big pit. • A little learning is a dangerous thing.

  5. Comparison between the above two vowels • 发音还是有点差别的,发[i:]音时,双唇扁平,发音较长;而发短音[i]时,要求短促有力,舌尖有回抽的趋势,不过不太明显。下面是一组对比的发音,细细体会:(前长后短) • seat _ sit, leave_ live , deed _ did, beat _bit , beach_bitch (female of a dog) Tongue twister: • I’ll sit as still as a hill, will you sit still , Bill ?

  6. Part two: [ǽ] and [e] • [e] words : • Bed pet bet vet (wet) friend (friends) • forget end (the end) get (I get your message) best • head many step (step by step) September sentences • His friend likes to eat eggs . • You bet it. • Come on! It’s not the end of the world. • Better late than never. • East or west , home is best.

  7. Part two: [ǽ] and [e] • [ǽ] words : • man (oh, man) mad ( go mad) • bad (compare with “bed”) • cat fat (a fat cat) bag hand (handbag) • cash (cashier) bank • catch back (backstreet boys ) cab (taxi) • jam (a traffic jam) bat sentences : • Jane had lost her handbag • Let the cat out of the bag. • The fat cat is in the bag. • Have they carried the cash to the bank ? • Pat married a handsome young man and had a happy life

  8. Comparison between the above two vowels • 此二音标的区别主要在于口型的大小,前一个音,双唇后拉且张度要大,嘴角的肌肉较为紧张,而后一个音则相对的不那么夸张,用词作对比: • bad _ bed , dad _dead , had _head , sat _ set , bat _ bet Tongue twister: • Canners can can what they can can ,but can not can things can’t be can’t . • Ann sent Andy ten hens , and Andy sent Ann ten pens. • Good ,better , best ,never let it rest , till good is better and better best .

  9. Part three : [a:] 和 [Λ] • [a:] • words: • bar (coffee bar, chocolate bar) car dark (dark blue) • park star class art large far sentences: • He parked his car in front of the bar at last. • Mr. Smith was looking for his glasses in the dark classroom. • [Λ] • words: • cup (a cup of tea) luck (good luck, I ‘m a lucky dog) • money shut (shut the book, shut up) son (sun) up • dove love blood trouble sentences : • He cut his thumb carelessly. • But me no buts(别老跟我”但是”) • Don’t trouble trouble until trouble troubles you. • This is a two-thumb-up movie.

  10. Comparison between the above two vowels • 二者在发音规则上有很大的区别,发长音[a:]时的口型要比发短音[∧]时的大; 从气流的长短看:发[a:]音时气流畅通,发音较长,而发[∧]音时气流受阻,极为短促。下面是一组对比的发音:(前者为长音,后者为短音,只知其音即可,不一定要求知其意) • task _tusk , march _much, dark _duck, • last _lust, cart _cut

  11. Little poem • Twinkle , twinkle ,little star , • How I wonder what you are • Up above the world so high, • Like a diamond in the sky. • Twinkle, twinkle ,little star, • How I wonder what you are.

  12. Part four: [u:] 和 [u] • [u:] • words : • blue (a blue movie, a blue girl, I ‘m in blue. I’m blue.) • Cool (wow, cool ) moon soup food • suit (a man’s suit, a woman’s suit) do • lose (lose face, lose heart, lose one’s heart) • rude shoe( shoe shop, shoelace) true sentences : • Who knows the truth? • It’s too good to be true. • Luke will choose a pair of blue shoes to take to school to use.

  13. Part four: [u:] 和 [u] • [u] • words : book cook sugar ( find a sugar daddy) wool foot push would stood good sentences : • The woman couldn’t push the cart full of wood. • They shook hands and stood talking for a while .

  14. Comparison between the above two vowels • Fool(长) _ full , pool _ pull , cool _ cook , roof _wolf Tongue twister : • At noon I took a good book • and sat by the pool in the wood. • I soon took off my boot (长) • And put my foot in the pool (长) • Oh , how cool , how cool

  15. Part five: [ə:] and [ə] • [ə:] • words: bird ( bird flu) term skirt work burn first sentences: • We will have learned five hundred English new words by the end of this term. • He was thirty when he returned from work . • [ə] • words: baker matter later paper(a piece of paper) • again (time and time again) ago forget member correct sister sentences : • The old tree is five metres(公尺) higher than that wall • Peter’s brother usually reads newspapers on Saturday afternoon .

  16. Tongue twister: [ə:] • The first person in a dirty shirt works in the third firm. Dialogue: [ə] • A: I’m going to the doctor • B: can you get something for me at the supermarket ? • A: But the supermarket is a long way from the doctor. • B: No , not that supermarket. Not the one that’s next to movie theater. I mean the one that’s near the butcher. • A: oh , that one , Well , what do you want me to get ? • B: Some bread and a can of fish and an onion.