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WOC 2009 lecture (how to master terrains, maps, courses, etc.) ( Comments by Kat in green ) Uni-Plaza, Miskolc 23 rd October, 2008. Áron LESS. Who am I?. Áron LESS 28 years old WOC 2009 secretary general Hungarian Orienteering Federation secretary general
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WOC 2009 lecture(how to master terrains, maps, courses, etc.)(Comments by Kat in green)Uni-Plaza, Miskolc23rd October, 2008 Áron LESS
Who am I? • Áron LESS • 28 years old • WOC 2009 secretary general • Hungarian Orienteering Federation secretary general • once an elite orienteer, but got seriously injured during orienteering (spleen ruptured)
Orienteering in Hungary • Key facts • 1925: first orienteering competition • 1961: Hungary is founding member of the IOF • 1970: HOF is founded • 1983: WOC in Zalaegerszeg • 2008: 3.000 active orienteers, 150 competitions, 50.000 starts annually
WOC 1983 • Zalaegerszeg, September 1-4 • individual winners: A. Kringstad & M. Berglia • relay winners: Sweden & Norway • individual silver medallist: Marita Skogum
WOC2009 key personnel Zsolt GERZSÉNYI Chairman of the OC Tíbor ZSIGMOND Event Director Száva ZSIGMOND Trainings, Event Office János SŐTÉR Main mapper
Accommodation, catering • Accommodation • Uni-Hotel (600 beds) • 2-bedded rooms • Event Centre • Catering • Uni-Plaza (500 places) • Buffet-style • International cuisine
Time schedule • Sunday (16.08.):middle qualification • Monday (17.08.):long qualification • Tuesday (18.08):rest day • Wednesday (19.08.):middle final • Thursday (20.08.):sprintqualification & final • Friday (21.08.):relay • Saturday (22.08.):rest day • Sunday (23.08.):long final
Overview map Distances from EC • Long & middle qualifica-tion(area 5):25 km / 35 min • Middle final & relay(area 6):35 km / 45 min • Sprint qualification & final(area 1):15 km / 20 min • Long final(area 7):65 km / 75 min
Special map symbols Two main symbols • Lime burning place (represented with a round earth wall) (These look kind of like small round depressions) • Charcoal burning place (represented by a brown cross) (These are flat areas in the forest, look exactly like those in the US)
Types of terrains 4 terrains – 3 terrain types Long & middle qual. Middle final & relay Non-typical karst, small number of negative features, many point objects These are all just small pieces of maps you can find on the WOC 2009 website.. Sprint qual. & final Long final Erosion features, semi-urban, many paths Negative features, stony
Middle and long qualification I. Venue - Bükkszentkereszt • Hungary’s second highest situated village • most people are of Slovakian origin • lime burning was one of the most frequent professions • climatic resort • herbal tourism
Middle and long qualification II. Terrain description
Middle and long qualification III. Map extracts
Middle and long qualification IV. Map-making • area: 9 km2 • János Sőtér (30%), Tíbor Zsigmond (70%) • János was main mapper for WOC 1993 (USA), EOC 2002 (Hungary), WC finals 2005 (Italy) • international approach
Middle and long qualification V. Course setting • János Sőtér (middle), Tíbor Zsigmond (long) • expect longer route-choices (in both races) (I.e. Middle Quali will have at least one long route choice leg!) • small number of controls (e.g. Women’s Long Quali may have just 11 controls for 7 km) • combinations not spreading much (I.e. the heats will have controls very close to each other)
Middle final and relay I. Venue - Bánkút • Hungary’s premier ski-resort • gate of the Bükk-plato • the summer home of the famous Lipizzaner stud • Centre of the Bükk National Park
Middle final and relay II. Terrain description
Middle final and relay III. Map extracts
Middle final and relay IV. Map-making • area: 7 km2 • János Sőtér (30%), Tíbor Zsigmond (70%) • Tíbor was main mapper for JWOC 2001 (Miskolc) • semi-international approach
Middle final and relay V. Course setting – middle final • János Sőtér • mixture of vegetation, relief and rock objects • not too many controls • many linear objects will be used
Middle final and relay VI. Course setting - relay • Áron Less • expect tricky combinations • controls close – close race (Áron specifically mentioned that it will be very hard to tell who is running your exact forking, so watch out!) • good mixture of control locations
Sprint qualification and final I. Venue – Miskolc-Királyasztal • favourite excursion destination for Miskolc’s citizens • here you can find the Miskolc Zoo • the area is just at the edge of the city
Sprint qualification and relay II. Terrain description
Sprint qualification and final III. Map extracts Note: the map is from 2001, ISOM 2000 and 5m contours. The forest has cleaned up remarkably since then. (Boris ran on this map (including some part to the north of the segement shown on the WOC website) in 2001. Thus, he thinks that the sprint quali will be more cool (and less green) than the old map seems to suggest.
Sprint qualification and final IV. Map-making • area: 3 km2 • Áron Less • Áron has surveyed several sprint maps since 2001 • semi-international approach
Sprint qualification and final V. Course setting • Száva Zsigmond • expect a couple of long route-choices • also a lot of short legs with direction change • good mixture of control locations
Long final I. Venue – Derenk • once a Polish village, now ruined • was evacuated in 1943, after Hungarian governor Miklós Horthy pronounced the area was his private hunting ground • National Heritage site right now – symbol of Polish-Hungarian friendship • the border to Slovakia is less than 1 km away
Long final II. Terrain description
Long final III. Map extracts Note: the extracts are parts of one of the relevant training maps
Long final IV. Map-making • one of the nicest areas he has ever mapped: ”end of the world” • area: 13 km2 • János Sőtér
Long final V. Course setting • Tíbor Zsigmond • most feared course setter in Hungary • expect a low number of controls • 3-5 good long route-choice legs • long butterfly (?)
Technique Question How to master these kinds of terrains and courses?
Types of terrains 4 terrains – 3 terrain types Long & middle qual. Middle final & relay Non-typical karst, small number of negative features, many point objects Sprint qual. & final Long final Erosion features, semi-urban, many paths Negative features, stony
Technique - brown • use contours • best friends: • lime burning places • charcoal burning places • (can be clearly distinguished) (I.e. even though these are just point features, if you learn to recognize these features, it can help a lot with navigation)
Technique - black • stones, cliffs, rocky areas • not as relevant as in other places (He means that in general, other types of features are more useful in navigation) • stony areas in the long final • if drawn really dense, avoid it! (Really stony areas are quite slow to run through. The stones move under your feet as you step on them and falling on them hurts!!)
Technique - green • vegetation is a bit overemphasized on Hungarian maps (that is, since white forest is lightning fast and completely open, the slightest bit of vegetation is often mapped as light green.) • overall visibility is good • light green: OK, middle green: think about it • slow run areas: mostly OK, open fields with thick undergrowth: avoid them! (not that many) • Since I saw Hungarian terrain in the fall, when many of the leaves were off the trees, visibility was better than it will be in the summer. However, I think that summer will bring some positives as well - the trails will be more easily recognizable (since they won’t be covered in leaves), and the borders between white and green will be more distinct.
Technique – short legs • method not so difficult • fastest way to go is almost always straight (use your compass and leave the control in the right direction!) • You can lose a lot of time by zigzagging or not taking the optimal route through the green or stony areas. Even if you think you spiked a control, you may have lost time on that leg simply by not picking the best microroutes or by not being aggressive enough.
Technique – route choice Sprint • look for easy access • if steep, use paths, otherwise only white forest • straight is often a wrong option (need to plan ahead!)
Technique – route choice Middle • On the long leg from #10-11, it is slightly better to go straight rather than take the road around to the left and then drop steeply down. We tested this in training. • look for optimal usage of roads • (if there will be any)
Technique – route choice Relay • quitehilly terrain • think twice about climbing a mountain • (nice long legs on most courses)
Technique – route choice Long (Looong…) • negative features determine which way to go • many route-choice legs (600-2500 m long) • don’t expect too many controls more route-choice legs • best routes: don't zigzag too much, avoid the sides of the depressions (very stony). Climbs: all runnable
-Technique – training Special training • long uphill intervals: my favourite one (400 / 60m) • run full speed in hard stony terrain • train your concentration (changes between easy and difficult) • Practice orienteering in steep, hilly terrain. You need to have a good idea of what a climb or drop of 30 meters is. Also, you need to be able to contour (go around a hill without dropping or gaining elevation) and use your compass to go diagonally up or down a slope. • Study maps of relevant Hungarian terrain and think about route choice, become familiar with mapping - which contours go up (hills) and which go down (depressions) • Practice downhill running. (If you are not used to long, steep downhills, your quads will feel it.) • If you aim to run the sprint, practice for it by running some hilly forest sprints.
Technique – training Training arrangements • we hope you like the present training camp • WOC 2009 training coordinator is Száva Zsigmond • we can arrange almost everything for you • contact Száva: e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org phone: +36 30 392 44 29
Technique – training Training opportunities • 7-13 April, 2009: Postás Cup (area 13) and training camp • 30 May – 4 June, 2009: 2nd official training camp (with competitions) – NOTE: NOC starts 6 June • 30 July – 2 August, 2009: possible selection races (only in case of enough teams interested – feedback needed asap) • 10-15 August, 2009: 3rd official training camp • for anything else, please contact Száva
Q & A One guy asked whether past JWOC runners from 2001 would have an advantage at WOC 2008. Answer was: not really. The maps have some overlaps, but never more than 50%. Moreoever, the terrain has changed since 2001 (remarkably so on the sprint quali map) and the courses will be different.
Thank you for your attention! See you in Miskolc next August!