BPS-Statistics Indonesia Towards SEEA Experimental Ecosystem Accounting in Indonesia: Current Works, Main Challenges, and National Plans 44th Session of the United Nations Statistical Commission February 25th 2013 KECUK SUHARIYANTO, M. SAIRI,ANDWYNANDIN IMAWAN
1. INTRODUCTION • The Indonesian government has been implementing sustainable development principles of the green economy stated as Pro-Growth, Pro-Job, Pro-Poor, and Pro-Environment. • Pro-Environment: Indonesia has been part of REDD (Reducing Emission from Deforestation and Forest Degradation). • REDDis a scheme which allowsdeveloped countries to give compensation for forest sequestration of the developing countries. • Indonesia has a commitment to reduce carbon dioxide emission, which cause climate changes, to 26 % in 2020, and 41 percent with international assistance.
2. CURRENT WORKS • Environment Statistics • Integrated System of Environment and Economic Account • Case Study: Environmental Degradation from CO2
Integrated System Of Environment and Economic Account (SEEA Indonesia) Annual since 1997
Summary of Findings • Government must be aware about the increase of forest conversion and depletion, and also the decrease of additional growth of forest outside of Java. • Over exploitation of timber wood especially outside of Java is reflected in the decrease of end of year inventory of timber wood. • Rate of depletion for some of mineral resources is exceeding the rate of deposit discovery, so the end of year deposit resources is significantly diminished (such as crude oil, natural gas, gold, and nickel ore). • Warning about over exploitation of crude oil, bauxite and tin because the ratio of end of year deposit resource to production is pretty low. • Net Domestic Product and net accumulated capital become different from the conventional National Account aggregates due to the decrease of produced assets and also the decrease of non-produced (environmental) assets.
3. MAIN CHALLENGES • Data availability • Unstandarized of measurement and concept • Data scatters in various institutions Coordination needs to be enhanced • Insufficient knowledge • Knowledge gap among staff • Need technical assistance in improving existing environmental account & towardthe development of ecosystem account • Institutional Challenges • Needto strengthen capability of statistical institution • Needto create more awareness among stakeholders on the important of facts-based decision making pertaining to environment related issues and its impacts • Need statistical advocacy to recognize the importance of doing data analysis and researches on ecosystem accounting
PLANS FOR MOVING FORWARD LOW CARBON AND LESS HARZARDOUS WASTE SUSTAINABLE USE OF BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY MAINTAIN NATURAL CARRYING CAPACITY • Resource use & environmental efficiency (water & energy productivity, waste & emission intensity) • Production, employment & expenditure relating to environmental activities • Environmental taxes, subsidies & similar transfers • Environmental assets & their role in the economy We are here