The Texas Revolution Act 3
Directions • Read each slide. • In your journal write a brief summary in“Chapter 4 – Texas Revolution” • On a blank paper, draw a storyline (cartoon) about the events in Act 3
The Convention of 1836 • While the Alamo was under siege, 59 delegates representing the people of Texas met at the small town of Washington-on-the-Brazos, about 150 miles NE of San Antonio. • The group was called the Convention of 1836. Its task was to create a new government for Texas.
The Convention of 1836 • When they heard that the Alamo was under siege, many of the delegates actually wanted to leave to help their fellow Texans. • Sam Houston convinced them that their work at the Convention was even more important.
The Declaration of Independence • Santa Anna’s attack ended any thoughts of peace with Mexico. • The Convention appointed a committee to write a Declaration of Independence. • The head of the committee, George Childress, hardly spoke to the other members. • Instead he stayed up all night writing the Declaration.
The Declaration of Independence • Childress modeled the Texas Declaration on the U.S. Declaration of Independence, written by Thomas Jefferson. • On March 2, he presented it to the Convention, which approved it unanimously. March 2 is still celebrated as Texas Independence Day.
The Goliad Massacre • When he invaded Texas, Santa Anna had split his army in half. • While he took half his troops to attack the Alamo, the other half under General Urrea moved along the coast.
The Goliad Massacre • Urreasurprised a group of Col. Fannin’s men who had been sent to Refugio. • Many were killed; the survivors fled back to Goliad. • When Fannin learned what happened, he abandoned the fort and began to retreat towards Victoria, hoping to link up with other Texans who had gathered there.
The Goliad Massacre • A few hours from Goliad, Urrea caught up with Fannin and his men on March 19, 1836. • Unable to reach the cover of nearby trees, the Texans initially fought off the Mexican troops. • However, with no water, ammunition running low and Mexican reinforcements arriving, Fannin surrendered on March 20.
The Goliad Massacre • The Texans were marched back to Goliad. On March 27, about 340 of them were marched out and executed.
The Runaway Scrape • News of the massacres at the Alamo and Goliad terrified Texans. • Entire towns fled east as Santa Anna’s army approached. This episode became known as the “Runaway Scrape.”
The Runaway Scrape • News of the massacres at the Alamo and Goliad terrified Texans. Entire towns fled east as Santa Anna’s army approached. • This episode became known as the “Runaway Scrape.”
The Battle of San Jacinto • Near the end of April, Santa Anna learned that the Texas government was in Harrisburg (modern Houston). • Wanting to end the war, he took 900 of his best troops and marched south. • He barely missed capturing the Texan leaders. Meanwhile, Houston saw his chance to face the Mexicans on more equal terms. He turned his army south to pursue Santa Anna.
The Battle of San Jacinto • The two armies met on April 21, 1836 on the banks of Buffalo Bayou and the San Jacinto River. • Houston’s army numbered about 900, Santa Anna’s (after receiving reinforcements) about 1,400.
The Battle of San Jacinto • The Texans attacked late in the afternoon, surprising the Mexicans. They yelled “Remember the Alamo! Remember Goliad!” Santa Anna’s army panicked and fled. • Within 18 minutes, the battle was over. Over 800 Mexicans were killed or wounded; most of the rest were captured (including Santa Anna). The Texans had lost just 9 men.
Independence! • After his capture, Santa Anna was forced to sign the Treaty of Velasco in exchange for his life and freedom. There were actually 2 treaties: 1 public and 1 secret. In them, • Mexico agreed to end the war and never attack Texas again (both) • The Mexican army would retreat south of Rio Grande (public)
Independence! • Mexico would recognize Texas as a separate nation (secret) • The Rio Grande would be border between Texas and Mexico (secret) • Santa Anna would be free to return to Mexico (secret) • Texas was now an independent country!