CONTENTS 220.127.116.11 REVERSE OSMOSIS SYSTEMS 18.104.22.168 DEMİNERALİZATION SYSTEMS 22.214.171.124 ULTRAVIOLET - UV DECONTAMINATION SYSTEMS 3.2.2 ALGORITHM FOR DRINKING WATER PURIFICATION FACILITIES 126.96.36.199 ENTRY AND BLEND COMPOSITION 188.8.131.52 CLARIFICATION PROVIDING UNITS 184.108.40.206 FİLTER UNITS 220.127.116.11 CHEMISTRY UNIT 18.104.22.168 KOAGÜLAN UNIT 22.214.171.124 POLIELEKTROLIT UNIT 126.96.36.199 CHLORINATION UNIT 188.8.131.52 REVERSING WASH UNIT 184.108.40.206 MUD INTENSIFICATION UNIT 220.127.116.11 FINAL UNITS 4 KONELSİS SOLUTIONS 4.1 ELECTRICAL SOLUTIONS 4.2 AUTOMATOIN SOLUTIONS 5 REFERENCE LIST 1 INTRODUCTION 1.1 HISTORY OF WATER 1.2 IMPORTANCE OF WATER 2 KONELSİS CONTROL SYSTEMS 3 LEAD IN WATER PURIFICATION FACILITIES 3.1 WASTE WATER PURIFICATION FACILITIES 3.1.1 CHEMICAL WASTE FACILITIES 3.1.2 HOUSEHOLD WASTE FACILITIES 3.1.3 ALGORITHM FOR WASTE WATER PURIFICATION FACILITIES 18.104.22.168 PRE PURIFICATION UNIT 22.214.171.124 BIOLOGICAL PURIFICATION UNIT 126.96.36.199 CHEMICAL PURIFICATION UNIT 188.8.131.52 MUD THICKENING AND MAKING WATERLESS UNITS 3.2 DRINKING WATER PURIFICATION FACILITIES 3.2.1 DRINKING WATER PURIFICATION TECHNOLOGIES 184.108.40.206 SAND FILTERS 220.127.116.11 CARBON FILTERS 3.2.1 WATER MASCULATION SYSTEMS
HISTORY OF WATER Our world was very hot in its first times. Heavy elements like iron, slowly cooled to the center in the world and crash remained above the granite and oxides. Riding to cool,on top of the earth, a thin layer occurred. And when cooling got 100 ° C below the surface ,the water in the interior of the earth came to the surface and so,oceans, seas occurred.
IMPORTANCE OF WATER Water, after oxygen is the most important element for human life. People can recreate for weeks without eating but can be dehydrated only a few days without water. 92%,of blood,22% of bones and 75% of brain and muscles is water. Vital activities of cells, body functions are fulfilled, it is possible with the preservation of the body's water balance.
The use of water, inTurkey and in the world ,and the importance of water for our future existence and continuity of life is a source for indispensable. One of the most important human rights is to have and drink clean and and suitable drinking water. Community's economic development model and a limited natural resource of water is affected. First, we need people with healthy drinking water in a sustainable manner and the provision is required. According to UN statistics, 25% of the 6 billion world population of 1.5 billion people that is very troubled about clean water, and 8% of the 500 thousand people suffer from chronic flaw is clean water. 200 million people each year from dirty water, diseases, and most poor are caught 2.2 million people are dying every day, 6 thousand children, 1 in every 8 seconds, can give the baby a victim of dirty water, the majority of developing countries is at. Climate change due to 7 billion people in 60 countries will be faced with water scarcity. Threaten the future of our world and civilization, one of the most important environmental disasters, pollution, and consumes fresh water resources is rapidly. UN world water assessment program, the president of Young GORDON According to UN sources, have clean water to the number of people in 2015'te half to reach its objective of 270 thousand people every day, clean drinking water should be attained.
Wastewater Treatment Plant and Drinking Water Treatment Plant Control System, as in Konelsis with young and dynamic team of successful business experience, as a result of the merger have been removed. KONELSIS CONTROL SYSTEMS
DRINKING WATER TREATMENT FACILITIES WASTE WATER TREATMENT FACILITIES WATER TREATMENT FACILITIES Chemical Waste Water Treatment Facilities Household Waste Water Treatment Facilities
ALGORITHM FOR WASTE WATER PURIFICATION FACILITIES • Biological PurificationUnit • Ventilation Pool(Aerobic Pool) • Nötralization Pool(Aerobic Pool) • Biological Precipitation Pool • Chemical Purification Unit • Rapid Mixing Pool • Slow Mixing Pool • Chemical Precipitation Pool • Mud Intensification and Making Waterless Unit • Mud Intensification Pool • Polielektrolit Line • Mechanical Intensification • Belt Filter Unit • Pre Purification Unit • Coarse Grid • Sand and Oil Holder Unit • Balancing Pool • Parshall Canal • Fine Grid
PRE TREATMENT UNIT Parshall canalSubstances held in a container with the grid are removed, the wastewater of a grid through the sand and oil Parshall canal is transferred to the unit holder. Wastewater treatment plant to ensure the daily flow of the control channel ultrasonic flow measurement device is available. Coarse gridWaste water come to the structure of getting water and pass through the Course Grid with automatic cleaning. With this grid,some solid parts such as fiber,paper,plastic,yarn etc…which are in the structure of waste water must be held without causing any obstructive problems in the treatment units.
Fine Grid The waste water ,which is taken from balancing pool by diver pumps, is included to reduce the load of suspended solids in the thin 1mm spaced grid drum is being pressed. The wastewater from a fine grid is sent to the ventilation pool . Sand and Oil Holder UnitAir and oil sands unit holder, the wastewater in the sand sink to the floor while, oil, grease, solvent and other substances, a swimmer with bark collected in the oil pit as a solid waste is removed, the wastewater is sluiceway balancing pool. Balancing Pool Balancing Pool, as the oscillations, showing daily fluctuations reduces wastewater quality, wastewater treatment plant with constant flow rate of the treatment plants are not homogeneous as possible to be fed. Mixture to prevent precipitation in the pool and blenders are used to ensure that divers.
BIOLOGICAL TREATMENT UNIT Ventilation (Aerobics Pool) Pool Partly in the structure of organic and Inorganic Wastewater pollutants of nutrients by microorganisms and used as energy sources to be based on the methods by waste water away. Ventilation of the organic matter pool of microorganisms is provided to convert CO2 and H2O'ya. The oxygen required for this process, oxygen measurement device works by taking control of the superficial type floating aeratörlerle (havalandırıcı and) are provided. Continuous measurement of dissolved oxygen in the pool equipment and this device is connected to two air exhauster into the circuit will work out, so the energy savings is provided. Neutralization (Anerobik Pool) PoolIn order to provide the appropriate pH range , pH device works by taking control of the acid with the help of a dosing pump (98'lik% H2SO4) for the waste water. Wastewater, ventilation pool to pool in the biological sample to sink to the bottom of the sluice is provided by activated sludge.
Biological Precipitation Pool Collapsing mud is put into a mud reservoir by graze’s. Part of the hard clay to keep the concentration of microorganisms in the aeration pond is a part transferred back to the way the unit is thickening mud. Large proportion of microorganisms in the sediment here is my feature enhanced biological clue of Sudan are divided. Pool water treatment to precipitate from the surface of the sluice sluice is given by the chemical treatment units.
CHEMICAL TREATMENT UNIT Slow mixing PoolIn the first stage of the slow mixing pool of water large jib that is provided by polielektrolit dose. May crash into the pool size reaches the slow mixing of the jib for the chemical precipitation separation Sudan is sluiceway pool. Chemical precipitation Pool Due to the structure of the pool chemicals to precipitate the collapse into the mud floor, while the clarification of the water discharge channel system is being sluiceway top. Collapsed on the floor of the pool chemicals accumulated in the center of the pool with mud collected on the bottom crease of the chemical mud pump mud pump unit is condensation. Chemical treatment, which cause pollution atıksularda dissolved, colloidal and suspended from the substances or to accelerate away in order to take advantage of various chemical reactions are based on the general method. Fast mixing PoolFast mixing pool, water with a mixture of lime and 40% faster Fe3Cl doses of substances in water by mixing must be exact. After the rapid mixing pool wastewater; jib pool sluiceway mixing is slower activity is provided.
MUD INTENSIFICATION AND MAKING WATERLESS UNIT Sludge thickening Pool Wastewater treatment results in a liquid or semi-solid, fragrant; application process depending on the treatment with 0.25% by weight containing 12% solids is named as a waste sludge treatment. Mud density increased with gravity thickening mud pool, the very low-speed mud pit into a scrape is continuously grazed. Sludge thickening pool 0.5% 1 in activated sludge solids increases the amount of 5% to order. Polielektrolit dozlama lineIncreases the compression of mud to Polielektrolit features. Solution prepared in two Polielektrolit package system and mechanical dozlama system and the static mixer before doses will be thirsty. Reducing the concentration of the solution Polielektrolit dozlama line connection is made to service water. Monitoring of water flow in the service providing the connection is rotometre
MUD INTENSIFICATION AND MAKING WATERLESS UNIT Mechanics Intensifier3.5% concentration of sludge solids is intensified in mechanical thickeners. Concentrated at the top of the mechanical presses are belt. 3.5% in the intensive mechanical presence mud belt is fed by gravity. Belt Filter UnitBelt Belt filter presses through the mud as the mud solids from the resulting solid Belt press mud (the mud cake) by conveyor to the truck away from the plant Mechanics and belt filter unit taken from the intensive drainer water is returned back to the beginning of the plant.
At first glance, the water resources of our world may seem like endless on this issue in depth at the time of these sources are such that the difference. Two-thirds of our planet is covered with water, but these only 2%, 53 sweet water (drinking water) is. Rate of 69% of these drinking water, frozen in 7, the remaining 30% is in polar or mountain spring water from the (underground water are) is. Normal drinking water is mentioned in two sources and the cost to convert meşakkatli. World population and industry on water resources proportionate east of increased pollution and consumption. In recent years the importance of good water from the well increased in line with global warming over water consumption, the amount of water consumed in the fields of industry and agriculture to irrigated areas of the reasons we are following.
DRINKING WATER TREATMENT TECHNOLOGIES SAND FILTERS All water parameters are the most significant pollution haze; solids in suspension in water, organic matter, silica, sludge, etc. are covered. Between these pollutants have a significant anchor through the sand filters are treated. CARBON FILTERSActive carbon, water, color, taste, as well as deodorant unsolved non-organic and organic pollution are used in the treatment. Active surface area of action, increased approximately 100 times the carbon minerals, organic substances are absorbed by the filter. Water Softening SystemsWater softening system in the raw water are calcium and magnesium out of Sudan. As a result of this process in the mineral tank is Cationic resin. This principle with simple ion exchange resins, Ca and Mg ions in water, and they capture the structure of resin instead of the Na ions leaves. We have to fill in the resin; Na ion depletion in case of system will be regenerated with salt water is put to the service again. Water softening systems at the same time to 1 mg / L at the capture of more than iron and manganese. Fe and Mn of 1 mg / L at the water's more, the softening unit to run a healthy pre-treatment must be made. Reverse Osmosis SystemsReverse Osmosis processes are today's most advanced water purification technology. Basic working principle, have different ion concentrations and in the semi-permeable (allow passage of some substances, while some do not allow) the two-membrane ion concentration of solution through the pressure equalization osmotik is the case. To equalize the ion concentration, low concentration of the solution, the solution to the high concentration liquid is provided with the transition. Transition to the other side of the liquid velocity, temperature, pressure, and membrane structure in water depends on the type of ion. Reverse osmosis systems' osmosis' event to reverse the pump and pressure from osmotik a greater pressure is applied, the semi-permeable and 5A above (angstrom) size holes in the membrane which, only through the pure water of the bacteria, projenleri, organic materials, aluminum and heavy the amount of metal.
DRINKING WATER TREATMENT TECHNOLOGIES DEMINERALIZATION SYSTEMS Ion exchange process or a similar way, all the minerals in water Demineralized water is taken. Unit consists of at least two columns Demineralized. The first column is the normal relaxation process Cationic resins as well as the positive loaded with metal ions are removed. However, the smoother the process is different from the system with acid instead of salt and rejenerasyonunu resin with hydrogen ions instead of sodium to renew .. Installed ion and hydrogen ion exchange material into the left as they are installed. Due to the increase in hydrogen ions in solution increases the amount of acid. At this point, half of the iyonizasyon process has been completed. Installed metal ions in water treatment is the positive solution, hydrogen ions and the anion is found. In the second column and the solution has Anionic resin is absorbed in the negative ions. Resin is the saturation (water output from the conductivity values can be immediately understood) regeneration process is done by some. ULTRAVIOLET - UV DISINFECTION SYSTEMSWith ultraviolet disinfection, water added to a chemical or oksidant, provides disinfection of microorganisms. By using low-pressure mercury lamp produces short-wave UV disinfection system, bacteria, protozoa, viruses, molds, fungi, algae and their eggs are neutralized. UV system, stainless steel or aluminum in a bed, lamp, water, UV rays passing through this bed of yellow and the bombing will stop. UV system's working principle, structure of DNA and RNA of microorganisms are neutralized by the break. UV disinfection of water for the full realization and color should not be blurred. This 5 percent before the general in micronluk UV filter is recommended. To kill germs and reduce capacity over time, approximately once a year renewal of the lamp is recommended. Stainless steel from a wide body of ultraviolet systems (beam room) occurs. Ultraviolet lamp inside that room are placed in quartz glass. The system works with the electric current and the wavelength uv lamp is lit with the organisms found in water is neutralized.
ALGORITHM FOR DRINKING WATER TREATMENT FACILITIES DRINKING WATER TREATMENT PLANT
ALGORITHM FOR DRINKING WATER TREATMENT PLANT INTRODUCTION AND STRUCTURE OF BLENDINGInput from the dam and the water valve is subjected to air operations. Blending other water from the dam directly to the room is ventilated by inheritance is blended with water here. Introduction to the raw water in the mixing chamber mixes with chemicals in the tank then comes to be after. SOLVENTUNIT Each unit be more contemptuous of the stirrer speed (mixer) is found. Raw water in the mixing room to the aluminum sulfate, chlorine and sulfuric acid and dose must be polielektrolit solution. Mixing chambers have also be water channels will be required and contact with the water main pipe when the water clarification chemicals dozlaması can be made. Also in this room is made fast mixing process as a homogeneous dispersion in water solutions are provided. Raw water katılan chemicals (aluminum sulfate, Polielektrolit) Units of water in the solvent clarification of suspended solids in the merger will result in the formation and jib.
The jib of blankets create mud . To pass through the mud is blanket the water channel through the water be collected and discharged to the channel here is the main collection.To be collected in the main channel of water from here goes to the filter unit. The determination of the weight of mud is blankets each tank can be installed more than one dirt collection cone. Reaches a certain intensity of the mud blanket of mud cones to open automatically in that mud, mud in the gallery is empty.
FILTER UNITSubject to the settling process is the water block filter. Filter media is supported by the gravel layer of sand was used granülometrik attractive fast filters, the water clarification process in the settling of suspended solids and the amount can not be removed. Each filter unit has many parts. After a certain period of filtration keep filters because the flow of the small particles will decrease over time. This decrease in resistance to flow because of the loss shall be installed. Based on loss of each filter installed to limit access for cleaning the filter bed is required. Filters are made in two stages of the washing process. From the bottom of the filter bed to bed in the first stage air filter media is washed and blow the sand grains are mixed together with friction, and stuck on the jib is loose. In the second phase of this residue from the same channel to be removed from the filter sand bed is pressurized water. Provide the necessary water flow to wash the filter pump units must have the centrifuges.
POLIELEKTROLIT UNITPolielektrolit is used as additives koagülan help. Created by the aluminum sulphate is used for improving the quality of jib. Solution to prepare solutions Polielektrolit preparation tank is located. Sulfuric acid to the raw water clarification unit before then stirrer are applied to correct the pH. Concentrated acid (98% H2SO4) is stored in storage tanks on each side. The dose of acid pH value of water, according to dozlama point is made. Through a spiral conveyor lime, mixed with water is carried through the process back pedal "D" type mixer is referred to. Mixing a solution of this active tank absorption lines from the pumps dozlama to be transmitted to the pump devirdaim is pulled through. CHEMICAL UNITChemistry building chemical storage facilities is necessary, the desired solution for the preparation of necessary equipment and is equipped to be sent. KOAGULAN (CLOT) UNITRaw water, the aluminum hydroxide in water, react with alkalinite creates a ball of koagülan (clot) materials to the aluminum sulfate is applied. Aluminum sulfate and condense the incoming stock for each part of the tank are used in satüratör. The solution made by melting in the saturated tank Satüratör this tank, a solution of the desired dozlama forces as for the preparation of dilution water added is transferred to the service tank.
BACK WASHING UNIT As a result of washing of sand filters, used in the wash water is collected for the pool facility. Waste water from the filter back wash water discharge channel to the charm comes with this pool. Waste filter wash water, in addition to back, top-water mud intensification in case of tank wash water holding tank comes back with charm. Here, the raw water collected waste water pumps are used to transmit input channels. These pumps run automatically according to the water level of the water, raw water is transmitted to the input channels. Mud intensification UNITMud at the bottom of each unit be collected for composing a mud pit is built. Here collected mud, mud is pumped to the tank intensification. Chlorination UnitChlorination has klornatörler unit. They will make a final chlorination and pre-chlorination. Chlorine balance for measuring the balance of the measuring devices are available chlorine. These devices have clarification on the water balance of chlorine, chlorine contact tanks in the mid-point balance, leaving the chlorine contact tank can be used to measure chlorine in water balance. In addition to the clean water tank to measure the chlorine enters the water last chlorine gas chlorination klornatörlerinin value is in the desired dozlamalarının automatically provide.
FINAL UNITS CLEAN WATER TANKFilter output with the help of the steel pipe is moved to the contact tank. The channel to the water clean water tank is empty. Clean water in the tank water through pipes to balance the room, and up from here is scattered with pipelines to the charm. Balancing ChamberOf clean water tank, Balancing room to the water pipeline to the city is scattered with charm. Balancing rooms, facilities that are required for use in providing water services, water pumps have. Administration building on these pumps use water to store prints. Moreover, the administrative building here on out through pumped water samples from laboratory samples, and the chemical tests will be necessary here. Mud is LAGÜNThe dark mud dark mud, mud is pulled through the transfer pump and then to lagün is pumped to sludge drying beds.
Process points KONELSIS all monitoring points all processes to check, all past data to be recorded, along with reporting and control labor costs by reducing the difficulties encountered in practice and eliminate the uncertainty Turn-key Automation and Electrical Solutions is produced.
KONELSIS SOLUTIONS 1.ELECTRICAL SOLUTIONS 2.AUTOMATION SOLUTIONS
OUR ELECTRICAL SOLUTIONS • Procurement of MV(Medium Voltage) Cells, • Procurement of Transformerts, • Procurement of Diesel generators ve transfer panels, • Procurement of Main Distribution Board • Production of Compensation • Production of MCC and Local Panels • Procurement of Ground Installation and Rod System of all plant • Procurement of all power and command cables and their erecting • Procurement of Lighting Systems and their erecting • Approved the Projects to the Relevant Institutions
Medium Voltage Cells • *Merlin Gerin products of Schneider Electric • Metal Clad OG cells • Metal Enclosed OG cells • Metal Enclosed, drawers OG cells • *Obtained for Local Productions
Transformers 1. Till 36 kV and 6000 kVA 2. Useable indoor or outdoor, 3. In standarts of IEC 4. Immersed into mineral oil 5. For Bess, ABB, Transtek, Best trade marks,hermatic or transformers with expansion tank can be obtained and received circuit.
Our Low Voltage Panel Solutions • Our Panels are produced in standarts of TSE, CE and ISO 9001–14001. • All Switchgear materials used for our panels are SCHNEIDER, SIEMENS and ABB trade marks.
Our Low Voltage Panel Solutions AG PANEL APPLICATIONS TILL 4000A
Our Compensation Panel Solutions • Our Panels are produced in standarts of TSE, CE and ISO 9001–14001. • All switchgear materials used for our panels are SCHNEIDER, SIEMENS and ABB trade marks.
Our MCC Panel Solutions • Our Panels are produced in standarts of • TSE, CE and • ISO 9001–14001. • All Switchgear materials used for our panels are • SIEMENS, • SCHNEİDER and ABB trade marks.
Our Local Panel Solutions Local Panels are produced in standarts of TSE, CE ve ISO 9001–14001 All switchgear materials used for our panels are SCHNEIDER, SIEMENS ve ABB trade marks.
OUR AUTOMATION SOLUTIONS • Establisment of PLC/RTU systems , engineering services, • Establisment of SCADA/DCS Systems and engineering services, • Procurement of Piano Panels • Procurement of Field Instruments (ultrasonic level sensors, ultrasonic and electromanyetic debimetres, ORP device, O2 metre, ph metre etc…) and erecting • Receiving circuit,
AUTOMATION SYSTEM ELEMENTS PLC Panels, • Schnedier; Modicon Quantum, Premium, M340 Solutions, • Siemens; S7 400, S7 300 PLC Solutions, Scada / DCS System Hardware, • Schnedier Vijeo Citect Scada Software and applications, • Siemens WinCC Scada Software and applications, • Remote access to plant over Web Fiber Optic Cable ,Communication infrastructure with Copper Cable • Ethernet Switches, Calibration of Field Instruments
FEATURES OF PLANT PLC PANEL • Indoor • Suitable for Use, • Schneider and Siemens PLC Modules, • Industrial PC, Touchable • Screen, • Manual/Auto Switch, • Alarm Horn, • Alarm Mute Key, • Primery ve Secondory PLC modules
Waste water Treatment Pump Start/Stop Level Measurement in the Pools(HL,LL,HH) PH Control in the Anaerobic Pools O2 Control in the Aerobic Pools Flow Measurement Drinking water Treatment Pump Start/Stop Level Measurement in the Pools(HL,LL,HH) Aluminum sulfate, Chlorine and sülfirik acit Control Flow Measurement Membrane Control FUNCTIONS OF PLC PANEL UNIT
AUTOMATION FOR DRINKING WATER TREATMENT SYSTEMS KONELSIS CLEAN WATER TREATMENT SCADA SYSTEM