Warm-up • What do you think mob mentality means? Why do you believe this?
Announcements • NO HW tonight unless you owe me HW!
Unit Question • How does the American dream factor into the movement of people to and throughout the United States? Is the American dream real? Why or why not?
Question of the Day • How did nativism impact the Red Scare? Have there been other instances like the Red Scare in our history?
Background: WWI • World War I began in Europe in 1914. • England, France, and Russia (Triple Entente) fought Germany, Austria-Hungary and the Ottoman Empire (Central Powers) • The United States does not get involved until 1917. • The war ends in 1918.
Background: Russian Revolution • During World War I, the people of Russia revolted against the Czar (king). • They implemented a new system of government called Communism. • Communism is a form of government in which everything is owned by the collective and where the government controls all of the economy.
Red Scare notes • Use the information on the back of your graphic organizer to complete your graphic organizer.
Red Scare (first wave) • 1917-1920 • More suspicion of Communists and the fear of Communists in US government • America: mistrust and suspicion, especially of foreigners, etc. • Red = communist (because of Soviet flag and the red star)
Sacco and Vanzetti • Italian immigrants • Accused of armed robbery and murder • They did not get a fair trial because of racism and the red scare • They were found guilty • They were sentenced to death
Red Scare Political Cartoons • Think about what you learned today and complete the political cartoons sheet.
Prohibition • Look inside the word, what do you see? • Prohibit! • Prohibition prohibited alcohol from being sold, made, transported, etc.
18th Amendment • Made all alcohol illegal for all people at all times • Women had more power now, they also tended to be more religious • 2 reasons they wanted it: • To protect wives and families • They considered it a sin
The Mafia • Mafia- not much until 1920, then exploded because of the introduction of the prohibition • Al Capone ruled Chicago. He made millions getting alcohol from Canada.
Saint Valentine’s Day Massacre • Shooting of 7 people, a conflict between two powerful criminal gangs in Chicago in 1929 • Two sides: South Side Italian gang led by Al Capone and the North Side Irish/German gang led by Bugs Moran
The Mob • Boston more Irish mafia activity, particularly in the heavily Irish-American neighborhoods • Frank Wallace of the Gustin Gang dominated Boston’s underworld until his death in 1931, when he was ambushed by Italian gangsters in the North End
Immigration and the Mob • How is immigration related to the mob?
Exit slip/HW • Answer the following questions: • 1. What is the Red Scare? • 2. What were the main effects of the Red Scare? • 3. How did the Red Scare impact immigrants? • 4. How did Prohibition lead to the rise of mobs? • 5. How did the rise of mobs affect immigrants? • 6. Describe life in the early 1900s for immigrants. Include facts that we talked about today.