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The Affordable Care Act

The Affordable Care Act. Outcomes. Participants will: Gain knowledge of the history of the Affordable Care Act; Understand the benefits for children Identify opportunities to support the provision and payment of Part C services. Health Reform Implementation.

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The Affordable Care Act

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  1. The Affordable Care Act

  2. Outcomes • Participants will: • Gain knowledge of the history of the Affordable Care Act; • Understand the benefits for children • Identify opportunities to support the provision and payment of Part C services.

  3. Health Reform Implementation • Signed into law on March 23, 2010 • Identified Outcomes: • Decreasing the number of uninsured Americans; • Reducing the overall costs of health care; • Improving healthcare outcomes; and • Streamlining the delivery of health care. • Supreme Court Decision declaring law constitutional on June 28, 2012 • Effective implementation January 2014 • Open Enrollment ended – March 31, 2014

  4. Definitions • Premium: An insurance premium is the cost of an insurance plan. • Deductible: The amount that must be spent by the policy holder on covered health care services before insurance coverage begins. • Co-insurance: The insurer covers a certain percentage of the costs of services and the insured pays the remaining percentage. • Actuarial Value: The percentage of total average costs for covered benefits that a plan will cover.

  5. Definitions • Co-payment: A set dollar amount that an insured individual must pay for stipulated health care services. • Network Providers: Specific hospitals, pharmacies, physicians, and other providers under contract with the insurer. • Out-of-Pocket Limit/Maximum: The most money the insured must pay during a policy period before costs associated with covered health care services are covered in full by the insurer. • Community Rating: A rule that prevents health insurers from varying premiums within a geographic area based on age, gender, health status or other factors

  6. Key Provisions • Guaranteed issue: • Regardless of Medical Condition • Community Rating • Individual Mandate • Health Insurance Exchanges • Federal subsidies for families above 100% up to 400% of FPL • Medicaid expansion • Essential Benefits – Preventive Care

  7. Medicaid Expansion Source: Kaiser Family Foundation

  8. Essential Health Benefits:

  9. Part C Services included in Essential Benefits

  10. The Health Insurance Marketplace • More commonly known as the health insurance “exchange” • Review plans in the Marketplace to determine “best fit”; • Single Application; • Qualification for lower out-of-pocket costs • Qualification for free or low cost coverage through Medicaid or CHIP • Enrollment began October 1, 2013

  11. Insurance Marketplaces Source: Kaiser Family Foundation

  12. Actuarial Value • The ACA requires insurance plans on the Marketplace to be grouped by actuarial value. • Platinum plans must cover 90% of costs associated with covered essential health benefits; • Gold plans, 80%; • Silver plans, 70%; and • Bronze plans, 60%. • Plans with higher actuarial value will typically carry higher premiums.

  13. Grandfathered Plans • Grandfathered plans are those that were in existence on March 23, 2010 and have stayed basically the same. • The plans can enroll people after that date and still maintain their grandfathered status. • Health plans must disclose if they are grandfathered in all materials describing plan benefits.

  14. What Grandfathered Plans must cover - • All health plans must: • End lifetime limits on coverage; • End arbitrary cancellations of health coverage; • Cover adult children up to age 26; • Provide a Summary of Benefits and Coverage; and • Hold insurance companies accountable to the 80% threshold for medical expenses. • Hold insurance companies accountable to spend policy holder premiums on health care, not administrative costs, bonuses or profits

  15. Loss of Grandfathered Status • Significant cut or reduction in benefits; • Raising co-insurance charges; • Raising fixed cost-sharing; • Significantly raising co-payment charges; • Significantly lowering the rate of employer contributions; • Adding or tightening an annual limit • Reclassifying employees resulting in a different plan;and • Failing to continuously maintain at least one covered individual.

  16. Grandfathered Plans (individually purchased) do not have to – • End yearly limits on coverage; and • Cover children under 19 years with pre-existing conditions.

  17. Benefits to Children • Insurers cannot: • Drop coverage when a child becomes sick • Refuse to cover a child based on a pre-existing condition • Establish annual or lifetime caps on coverage • Require cost-sharing for preventive care • Requires coverage of both habilitative and rehabilitative services

  18. Developmental Screening • Since September 2010, ACA has required insurance plans to cover 26 preventive and primary care services to children at no cost to the family. • Must follow periodicity schedule of the AAP Bright Futures recommendations for pediatric preventive health care • Developmental Screenings • 9, 18 and 30 months • Autism Screening: • 18 and 24 months • Screenings are covered by Medicaid under EPSDT benefit

  19. Challenges • Definition of Essential Benefits • Cost Curve • Insurance Exchanges • Expansion of Medicaid

  20. For More Information • http://www.healthcare.gov • http://kff.org/health-reform

  21. Thank you for your attention! This is the fourth of four webinars in a series on Part C Finance presented in 2014. Resources related to this call and other calls in the series are available at the following URL: http://ectacenter.org/~calls/2014/financepartc/financepartc.asp

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