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Sports Medicine and Your Feet

Sports Medicine and Your Feet

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Sports Medicine and Your Feet

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  1. Sports Medicine and Your Feet David J. Sands, DPM, FACFAS Diplomate, American Board of Podiatric Surgery

  2. Benefits of Exercise • Cardiovascular Health • Mental Health • Overall Health • Disease Prevention • Management of Diseases (Diabetes and Obesity

  3. Did you Know? • Every minute of walking adds two minutes to your life • It is never too early or late to make exercise a healthy habit in your life • Studies show that older people who continue to have active lifestyles, experience less health problems as they age. • According to the U.S. Health and Human Service, physical inactivity contributes to 300,000 preventable deaths each year in the Unites States.

  4. Anatomy of the Foot Foot structure and function often impacts the ankles, knees, hips and back. Your foot has: • 26 Bones • 33 Joints • Over 100 Ligaments

  5. The Impact Factors • Walking = 1 ½ times body weight of force transmitted to the feet • Running/Jogging = 3-4 times body weight of force • Impact Sports (Basketball, Tennis, Racquetball) = up to 8 time body weight of force

  6. Prevention of Injuries • Proper Conditioning • Stretching – Recommendations can be made by your podiatrist • Warm-up • Physician clearance and monitoring – Before beginning any new exercise program, please consult your doctor

  7. Prevention of Injuries • Proper Training • Cross-Training • Graduated Levels of Activity

  8. Prevention of Injuries • Proper Foot Gear Evaluation • Appropriate and sports-specific shoes • Good socks • Orthotics or insoles – Consult with your podiatrist to determine the best option

  9. Shoe Selection • Proper Fit • 1 thumb nail length at the end of the longest toe (approx. ½ to ¾ inch) • Fit to the larger foot • Fit in the afternoon • Proper last – shape of the shoe should match the shape of the foot • Proper Style • Walking/Running/Cross Training/Specialty • Motion control, stability, shock absorption • Material selections (leather, neoprene, nylon) • With or without Orthotics/Insoles?

  10. Common Sports Related Foot & Ankle Injuries • Skin Problems • Blisters • Athlete’s Foot • Warts • Excessive moisture/sweating

  11. Common Sports Related Foot & Ankle Injuries • Soft Tissue Injuries • Ankle sprains • Muscle strains • Tendonitis • Plantar Fasciitis • Nail injuries • Runner’s knee • Shin splints

  12. Common Sports Related Foot & Ankle Injuries • Bone Injuries • Stress fractures • Traumatic fractures

  13. Common Sports Related Foot & Ankle Injuries • Treatment of Injuries • Prevention • Protection • Rest • Ice • Compression • Elevation • See your Podiatric Physician – Podiatrists treat all acute and chronic injuries

  14. David J. Sands, DPM, PC • Hospital Affiliations: • North Shore/LIJ Health Systems • Mary Immaculate, Jamaica • St. John’s Queens (Elmhurst) • New Island Hospital • Insurance(s) Accepted: Medicare, 1199, Americhoice, Anthem, Atlantis, BCBS, Careplus, Cigna, Elderplan, Empire Plan (out of network), Fidelis, GHI, Healthnet, Healthplus, HIP, Horizon, Humana, Magnacare, Oxford, PHCS, United, Vytra, Worker’s Compensation • Name of contact person: Hilary • 516-482-8826 • Email: footmail@sandspodiatry.com • Web: www.sandspodiatry.com • Member of the APMA since 1999