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Industry and Transportation

Industry and Transportation

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Industry and Transportation

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  1. Industry and Transportation

  2. James Monroe • Became 5th President • “Era of Good Feelings” began… little political strife • Monroe Doctrine, 1823 – Told European nations not to interfere in the affairs of the Western Hemisphere • Henry Clay developed the “American System” • North and South would work together • North would turn out manufactured goods • South would turn out agricultural goods

  3. Missouri Compromise • A debate occurred regarding the statehood of Missouri • Slavery was at stake • Missouri was not covered by the Northwest Ordinance • An extra slave state would mean more power for the South • Missouri Compromise • Missouri would be admitted as a slave state • Maine would be cut from old Massachusetts, thus keeping balance • All new western lands north of 36o N would be free (north of Missouri’s southern border)

  4. Growing Nation • Population Boom • Population exploded between 1780 and 1830 • Immigration and slave trade contributed little to boom • 90% of boom because of an increase in childbearing • Pioneers moved out West

  5. Pioneers moved out West • America acquired Florida • Pinckney’s Treaty (1795) compelled Spain to control Native Americans in Florida • Seminoles raided settlers in Georgia • Spain, dealing with rebellions in South America, did nothing • America accused Spain of breaking Pinckney’s Treaty • Andrew Jackson sent in to deal with Seminoles • Spain decided Florida is lost and figures they should try to get something for the land they know is already lost • Adams-Onis Treaty – Spain ceded Florida to the United States

  6. Industrial Revolution • Samuel Slater – Brought textiles to the U.S. • Noah Webster - Promoted education including Book of Spelling • Eli Whitney • Advocated interchangeable parts to increase profit and production • Invents Cotton Gin • Cotton profits skyrocketed making cotton “KING” • More slave labor became needed

  7. Transportation • Erie Canal (1825) built • Paid for by New York • 365 miles connecting Hudson River to Lake Erie • Cumberland Road built • First “national road” • Connected Maryland to Columbus, Ohio • Robert Fulton used James Watt’s steam engine to power boats

  8. Social Life • Farming became even bigger in the South, while the North began to develop factories for production • Second Great Awakening (early 1800’s) • Was an Evangelical Movement • Began in Kentucky and Tennessee • Protestants • Believed scripture is final authority • Believed that only belief in Jesus yields salvation • Believed that doing good deeds could transform your life • Baptists experience rapid growth