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A Review of Genres: Science Fiction & Fantasy. A Few Suggestions. Let’s Define…. Ultimate “What if” story Imagines a possible future or reconceptualizes the past Construction of an alternate time or place is critical Plot can be mystery, romance, adventure and/or comedy.
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A Review of Genres: Science Fiction & Fantasy
Let’s Define… • Ultimate “What if” story • Imagines a possible future or reconceptualizes the past • Construction of an alternate time or place is critical • Plot can be mystery, romance, adventure and/or comedy
A Historical Perspective • Influences like the Sumerian Epic of Gilgamesh & Utopia (More, 1516) • Others argue it began in the late Middle Ages • Francis Bacon's fantasy The New Atlantis (published in 1627) • Became possible only with the Scientific Revolution (discoveries by Galileo and Newton)
Historical Perspective Cont’d • 17th-18th Centuries: Gulliver’s Travels, Memoirs of the Twentieth Century, the gothic novel, particularly Mary Shelley's Frankenstein, Edgar Allen Poe’s The Unparalleled Adventure of One Hans Pfaall • 19th Century: H.G. Wells & Jules Verne • Baum’s Land of Oz series • Boomed in 20th Century with comics and films in lieu of technological advances
Core Elements • Alternate perspectives of reality • Elements of science or scientific principals • Must have internal consistencies (i.e. Data)
A Significant Quote “Many of the most fascinating ideas in science originated not in the laboratory but, in the minds of imaginative science fiction writers” - Robert W. Bly
Science Fiction Themes • Intergalactic • Time travel/4th dimension • Extraterrestrials • Elaborate contraptions • Artificial Intelligence • Post Apocalyptic • Cyber Punk (Terminator, the Matrix)
“Hard” • Scientific facts • Scientific accuracy of technical aspects (Star Trek, Star Wars, The Time Machine, Frankenstein)
“Soft” • Deals with social sciences (Philosophy, psychology) • Most of YA science fiction lean towards this • More suitable to this stage of development due to connections and their sense of wonder (Harry Potter, Twilight, LOTR)
Fantasy • Fantasy is very similar to Science Fiction with the exception that Fantasy is not plausible
Sci-Fi Is about what could be but isn’t Uses scientists and mathematicians Fantasy Is about what couldn’t be Uses wizards and sorcerers Mythical & magical creatures Science Fictionvs.Fantasy
Advantages • Integrate into math & science • Can teach applicable content • Easy to comprehend events • Entertaining • Sparks creativity and imagination
Visualization Strategies • Comic book/Cartoon Squares • A picture is worth a 1,000 words using imagery writing and illustrations • Students design a movie clip using images relevant to the book (Animoto, Devil’s Arithmetic link) • Compare/Contrast Sci-Fi to Non-fiction texts with graphic organizer • Multi-media presentation (PPT, brochure) • Compare/Contrast visual perceptions (book vs. movie)
Lets do something! Outworlder • It’s NOT • Guess?
It is • Guess
Outworlder • A being from another world; alien
Frayer Model • Word • Definition in YOUR OWN WORDS • Non-example • Non-linguistic representation (sketch)
References • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_science_fiction • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/4th_dimension • http://www.answers.com/morphology • http://www.answers.com/topic/science-fiction • http://www.ehow.com/how_2130322_read-science-fiction-story-children.html?ref=fuel&utm_source=yahoo&utm_medium=ssp&utm_campaign=yssp_art • http://www.powells.com/psection/ChildrensPictureBooks.html • http://www.readwritethink.org/lessons/lesson_view.asp?id=927 • Cole, P. (2009). Young adult literature in the 21st century. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill. • Harvey, S., & Goudvis, A. (2007). Strategies That Work Teaching Comprehension for Understanding and Engagement. New York: Stenhouse. • Hoyt, L. (2004). Spotlight on Comprehension Building a Literacy of Thoughtfulness. Chicago: Heinemann. • Marzano, R. J., & Pickering, D. J. (2005). Building Academic Vocabulary Teacher's Manual. Alexandria: Association for Supervision & Curriculum Deve.