DR ABC • DDanger.Ensure that you or the casualty are not in danger. • RResponse.Check to see if the casualty can respond to you • AAirways. Are the airways clear so that the casualty can breathe.Remove any debris blocking it. • BBreathing.Check the casualty is breathing by looking to see if the chest is rising and falling and listen to hear breathing • C Circulation. Check the casualty’s pulse
Recovery position • If the casualty is breathing put them in the recovery position.
Mouth-to-mouth resuscitation • If breathing stops, the brain is starved of oxygen. Attempts should be made to restart breathing. • Check the airways are clear. • Hold the casualty’s nose and take a large breath which has to be forced into the casualty’s lungs by mouth-to-mouth. The casualty’s chest should rise. • The casualty should exhale • Repeat one breath every six seconds, until the person breathes normally or emergency help arrives. • Check the pulse every minute. If pulse stops perform CPR
CPR • Use CPR if there is NO pulse. The heart has stopped beating (called cardiac arrest) • The heart needs to be restarted, cardiac massage. • Lay the casualty on their back. Find the point to apply pressure. (one inch above lowest rib where it joins the sternum) • Place the heel of the hand is pressed at this point, other hand is placed on top. • Apply pressure to depress the sternum by 4-5cm. • Perform 15 cardiac compressions to every 2 ventilations (mouth to mouth)