Chapter 6 China Study Guide World History
the practice of inserting fine needles through the skin to relieve pain/cure disease Acupuncture
uses the position of shadows cast by the sun to tell the time of day Sundial
built to keep invaders from attacking China The Great Wall
measures the strength of an earthquake Seismograph
a 4,000 mile network of routes that stretched from China to the Mediterranean Sea The Silk Road
a valuable material that was produced in China and wanted by many in the known world Silk
The Yellow River – where the Shang first settled Huang He River
stressed the importance of moral values and respect for the family Confucianism
stressed that people needed to be controlled with strict laws Legalism
means “first emperor” – Qin ruler – Legalist – Connects Great Wall Shi Huangdi
he ruled under the Han Dynasty, made Confucianism become China’s gov. philosophy Emperor Wudi
became the most influential teacher in Chinese history – creates Confucianism Confucius
the most famous Daoist teacher. Credited with writing The Way and Its Power Laozi
The Gobi Desert What landform separates China from its neighbors to the north?
The Yellow River or Huang He This is the major river which the ancient Chinese settled along.
The Huang He because over the years millions of people have died in the floods What is sometimes called “China’s Sorrow”?
Shang Dynasty The first dynasty to develop a writing system was the ____________?
Heaven- It was called the “Mandate of Heaven” According to the Zhou, what gives power to the leader?
First Emperor What does “Shi Huangdi” mean?
For protection and to keep invaders out from the North Why did Shi Huangdi have the Great Wall built?
He had very strict punishments – for example he buried alive scholars who disagreed with the burning of the books How can you tell Shi Huangdi was a follower of Legalism?
Mediterranean Sea The Silk Road started in China and ended at the ________?
Confucianism What philosophy emphasized the importance of moral values and respect for the family?
Daoism This philosophy taught that the universe is a balance of opposites.
Legalism Under this philosophy, a guilty person’s relatives and neighbors should also be punished.
Buddhism What major religion did China share with India?