Download
collectivisation n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
collectivisation PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
collectivisation

collectivisation

189 Vues Download Presentation
Télécharger la présentation

collectivisation

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. collectivisation

  2. New Economic Policy • Proposed by Lenin. • Followed period of ‘War Communism’. • Mixed economy introduced, allowed individuals to own small enterprises. • State controlled banks, trade and large industries. • Encouraged peasants to increase production.

  3. Stalin ascends to power • 1928 Stalin removes the NEP. • Introduction of Collectivization and Industrialization.

  4. Collectivization • Grain Crisis: 1928 • Stalin announced that the USSR were two million tonnes short of grain needed for feeding the workers in the cities. • Stalin’s solution: • All farms to be collectivized. This means farms were no longer owned by private citizens. • Kolkhoz: collective farms • Sovkhoz: state farms

  5. Industrialisation • Stalin realised that if Russia were to become a key global player, the country needed to industrialise rapidly. • To do this, he introduced the 5 year plans.

  6. How they worked: • GOSPLAN (State Planning Commission) set overall targets for each industry. • Each region was told its targets. • The region set targets for each mine, factory, etc. • The manager of each mine, factory, etc, set targets for each foreman. • The foreman set targets for each shift and even for individual workers.

  7. Task: • Outline the following: • WHY were these policies introduced? • WHAT was the impact of them? • WERE they successful?