Gettysburg Address - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Gettysburg Address

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  1. Gettysburg Address Abraham Lincoln

  2. Gettysburg Address • Historical Context • About the Author • Major issues of the times • Intended Audience • Main Points • Historical Significance • Impact and it’s importance on society at the time • Impact and it’s importance on society of later generations

  3. Abraham Lincoln • Leader of the Republican Party in 1860 • Becomes the 16th President of the United States receiving 40% of the popular vote • Southerners called him the “Black Republican”

  4. 2 Major Issues and Presidents View • issue over the expansion of slavery • The majority in the North were opposed to Slavery • The majority in the South were in favor of Slavery • President Lincoln was not advocating the abolishment of slavery rather he felt slavery should not expand and it would die a natural death • issue of secession – did a state have a right to secede from the United States? • The North says no • The South felt if they could ratify the Constitution they could UN-ratify it • President Lincoln said it was unconstitutional

  5. Disagreement over issues led to Civil War • Began in Summer of 1861 • Americans killing Americans • Highest U.S. casualties of any war

  6. Gettysburg Address • About a 2 minute speech given by President Lincoln at the dedication of the Soldier’s National Cemetery. • Given 4 months after the costliest battle of the Civil War. • Total casualties of the War to this time 472,154 • This battle alone had 54,707 casualties

  7. Intended Audience • People of Gettysburg • Union Soldiers • United States Citizens

  8. Main Points • It is time we talk about the promise of equality. • “…a new nation, conceived in liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal” • We honor the soldiers sacrifice. • “The world will little note, nor long remember what we say here, but it can never forget what they did here.” • “It is rather for us to be here dedicated to the great task remaining before us” • The Union is worth fighting for. It is not a confederation but a federal government. • “—that this nation, under God, shall have a new birth of freedom and that government of the people, by the people, for the people shall not parish from the earth.”

  9. Historical Significance • Impact on the society at the time • Renewed devotion to the Union war efforts • Verbal reassurance that the government was “of the people” not “of the state” • Gave people on both sides pride and purpose

  10. Historical Significance • Impact on society today • The idea that “all men are created equal” is still an American democratic ideal • Settled the issue of secession