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Tram-train: future prospects

Tram-train: future prospects

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Tram-train: future prospects

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  1. Tram-train: future prospects Progress on WP1A23 SINTROPHER workshop, Kassel, September 7, 2012 Dr. Charlotte Halpern,CEE Sciences Po & UCL

  2. Action WP1A23 - Objectives • What is the added value of transnational knowledge and transfer for the diffusion of cost-effective transport solutions in peripheral NWE regions ? • Assess the scope for collective learning among SINTROPHER Partners • Identify (legal, administrative, technical) challenges to technology transfer • Explore the scope for technical transfer from SINTROPHER to others in and outside NWE

  3. The mobility agenda • Renewed attention to mobility issues • Evolving patterns of mobility: time and length of journey, professional/leisure activities • Old and new challenges: climate change, peak oil, demography, urbanization patterns • Numerous initiatives throughout Europe, across various levels of government, public/private sector with two main differentiated strategies • innovative technologies => alternative solutions, infrastructures and vehicles. • Adapt existing transport infrastructures and networks by encouraging better connectivity and integration. • => Tram-train as a promising public transport solution?

  4. Tram-train as a possible option • Karlsruhe, Kassel : adapt vehicles to existing networks. • Large variety of situations across north-western Europe. • Use existing rail tracks for passengers transport • A missing link between existing networks • Develop public transport in peri-urban & rural areas • Service a place of interest, e.g. airport. • Cross-boarder connections

  5. Lessons from SINTROPHER ? Not automatically, many barriers (WP1: NVV study, ProRail (Maastricht), DfT, etc. • Technical • Business cases • Provision of vehicles • Policy

  6. Major institutional changes • Liberalization packages in rail transport • New entrants, competitive tendering, concession / franchising etc. • Privatization • Devolution processes, with transfer of competences towards local authorities • => To what extent do changes in resources & constraints benefit to local authorities ?

  7. Lessons from SINTROPHER ? It depends ! • Conflicting views • Veto-players • Fiscal / financial autonomy • Lack of political leadership

  8. Project does not necessarily come from local authorities

  9. Accessibility as a challenging approach • More about connectivity and integration than about transport per se (Banister, Kaufman, etc.) • it encloses a specific relationship to space (vs. networks) • it multiplies opportunities for passengers to develop highly differentiated and individualized transport solutions => Transversal approach to transport vs. vertical • => What is the purpose of public transport ?

  10. Conclusions • Explain the introduction of public transport solutions • Types of leadership: Political / Transport-led / Planning • Types of strategies: muddling through or radical change • Types of long-term constraining effects: profitability, adaptability, connectivity • To what extent did local communities increase their ability to design and implement innovative transport solutions? • Rescaling of public intervention => increased competition among levels of government in accessing funding (private/public), need for additional coordination mechanisms. • Restructuring forms of public intervention => increasing & systematic use of market-based regulation tools with major political effects on State/local relationships in the organization of attractiveness.

  11. Recommendations ? 1. The EU model of local public transport is a myth => Different models. 2. Territorial scale 3. Financial resources 4. Regulatory framework 5. Political debate