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A response from the Society of Jesus to Human Mobility in Latin America and the Caribbean

A response from the Society of Jesus to Human Mobility in Latin America and the Caribbean

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A response from the Society of Jesus to Human Mobility in Latin America and the Caribbean

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  1. A response fromtheSociety of Jesusto Human Mobility in LatinAmerica and theCaribbean Reflection and analysis September, 2012

  2. A response fromtheSociety of JesustoHumanMobility in LatinAmerica and theCaribbean INDEX • CHARACTERISTICS OF MIGRATION IN LATIN AMERICA AND THE CARIBBEAN (LA&C) • THE RESPONSE OF THE SOCIETY OF JESUS ON MIGRATION, DISPLACEMENT AND REFUGE IN LAC • REFLECTIONS ON THE OUTCOME OF THE INTERNAL MAPPING • MAJOR INSTITUTIONS IDENTIFIED IN THE EXTERNAL MAPPING • CONCLUSIONS: STRENGTH, WEAKNESS, OPPORTUNITIES, AND POSSIBLE AREAS OF COLABORATION

  3. FIRST PART CHARACTERISTICS OF MIGRATION IN LATIN AMERICA AND THE CARIBBEAN (LA&C)

  4. FIRST PART • Ourregionis a mosaic of allforms of migration. • Many contrasts exist in the countries conforming it:

  5. FIRST PART • Mainstructural causes of migration:

  6. FIRST PART Source: International Migration in LatinAmericaResearch Project (IMILA-Celade)

  7. Maindestinations of intra-regional migrants

  8. Maindestinations of intra-regional migrants

  9. CommonMigrationTrends:

  10. Major regional challenges

  11. More vulnerable migration flows in LAC

  12. The plus of vulnerability in Haitian flow: lack of government and social institutions.

  13. DISPLACEMENT IN NUMBERS • (2011) • An estimated total of 5'445 406 PSD (according Codhes) between January 1, 1985 and December 31, 2011. • ANNUAL HISTORICAL since2005 • 2005: 310.237 • 2006: 221.187 • 2007: 305.966 • 2008: 380.863 • 2009: 286.389 • 2010: 280.041 • 2011: 250.146 • Municipalitywiththehighestexpulsionrate: • Buenaventura:18.233 • FromtheColombianflow: theblurring of suchprolongedarmedconflict.

  14. TheColombianrefugees2010 Currently, Colombia is the main country of origin of refugees in the Western Hemisphere and the sixth in the world.

  15. Transit through Mexico and the U.S. border: the Continent's most dangerous route. PicturesbyToni Arnau

  16. Thewalls of the US-Mexicanborder

  17. Where are wegoing

  18. SECOND PART THE RESPONSE OF THE SOCIETY OF JESUS ON MIGRATION, DISPLACEMENT AND REFUGE IN LAC

  19. Thedifferentdiscussionsto define theliaisons of the JRS – JMS in LAC

  20. Reasons not to merge the JRS and JMS, but rather create a unity between the difference through a Network

  21. Estimates based on current organizational dynamics SECOND PART

  22. Estimates based on current organizational dynamics

  23. SECOND PART

  24. SECOND PART

  25. SECOND PART COL HTI Management Team ECU VEN PAN I P D C A SJR INT. CPAL

  26. CPAL • SJR Internacional • RED SJR - SJM • SJR LAC • Colombia • Ecuador • Panamá • Venezuela • Haití • Oficina Nacional • Bogotá • Oficina Nacional • Quito • Oficina Nacional • Ciudad de Panamá • Oficina Nacional • Caracas • 7 campamentos en Puerto Príncipe • Soacha • Quito • Ciudad de Panamá • Contexto Urbano • Barrancabermeja • Colón • Eje Pacífico • Buenaventura • Esmeraldas • Darién: Puerto Pina y Jaqué • Nueva Loja • Cúcuta • Zulia • San Lorenzo • Fronteras • El Nula • Nariño • Tulcán • Guasdualito • Carchi • Táchira

  27. SECOND PART Aboutus: CaribbeanSub-region SouthernSub-region Caribbean Sub-region CANA Sub-region Colombian Sub-region

  28. MAIN GOAL SECOND PART

  29. SECOND PART • Externalspecificobjectives

  30. SECOND PART • Internalspecificobjectives

  31. SECOND PART • Migration flows that we have prioritized • Internal displacement due to the armed conflict. • Theflow of peopleseekingrefuge in Panama, Ecuador, and Venezuela. a) TheColombian sub-region

  32. SECOND PART • Migration flows that we have prioritized • The Central American flowthroughMexicotowardsthe U.S. • TheMexicanflowtowardsthe U.S., includingthebordercrossing in both Nogales. b) The CANA sub-region

  33. SECOND PART c) TheCaribbean sub-region: • Migration flows that we have prioritized TheHaitianflowto DominicanRepublic, the U.S., Canada, Venezuela and South America.

  34. SECOND PART d) TheSouthern sub-region • Migration flows that we have prioritized TheBolivian, Ecuadoran, and Peruvianflowtowards Chile. TheHaitianflowthrough Ecuador, Bolivia, Peru and Brazil.

  35. SECOND PART • Cooperationagreements

  36. THIRD PART REFLECTIONS ON THE OUTCOME OF THE INTERNAL MAPPING Magdalena Sofía de la Peña Padilla

  37. InternalMapping Data THIRD PART CPAL Territorial logic depending on the nature and history of migration flows INTER PROVINCIAL 2 AXES 87 records Allows comprehensively address the issue of migration, through apostolic activity that includes four dimensions. INTER SECTORAL 19 Latin American countries

  38. InternalMapping Data THIRD PART MAPPING CATEGORIES

  39. InternalMapping Data THIRD PART MAPPING CATEGORIES

  40. The CPAL: INTERPROVINCIAL AXLE THIRD PART TYPE OF INSTITUTIONS: AN OVERALL LOOK • Differentiatedpresenceof eachsubregion in terms of number of countriesthatconformit and thenumber of institutionsinvolved. • CANA withalmosthalf of the records and 39% of thecountries.

  41. The CPAL: INTERPROVINCIAL AXLE THIRD PART Typeof peopleserved: Sociopoliticalconjucture and/orenvironmentalphenomenacontinue to generate new movements to which we must be vigilant, increasing displaced, deportees and returnees. • Migrants (48 institutions)OnlyColombia doesn’treportworkwithmigrants. • Secondgeneration (22)DominicanRepublic, more in this line of work. • Refugees (12)9 countries: Colombia, Ecuador, Panama, Venezuela, DominicanRepublic, Chile, Peru,Mexico-US, Nicaragua. • Displaced (8)2 countries: Colombia, Haiti.

  42. The CPAL: INTERPROVINCIAL AXLE THIRD PART TOPICS IN WHICH WE ARE WORKING: Other Family Bordertopics Labor rights Structural Causes Social Integration / … Lobbying Dismissal, deportation Housekeepingworkers Human Rights / Citinzenship Migration and development

  43. The CPAL: INTERPROVINCIAL AXLE AREAS OF INTERVENTION: Other Social Awareness Mass Media Human RightsCampaigns Social Movements Lobbying Case Documentation Legal Research RelevantPublications

  44. The CPAL: INTERPROVINCIAL AXLE TERCERA PARTE LEVEL OF IMPACT: Demand of local requirements leaves little room to develop regional and subregional initiatives. Those working at the international level are some of the social sector institutions and universities. • Local (47 institutions) • National (30) • International(18)

  45. Conference of Latin American Provincials: INTERSECTORAL AXLE THIRD PART • Work in fourdimensions: • Social action and humanitarianhelp. • Research. • Training. • Social and publicadvocacy.

  46. The CPAL: INTERSECTORAL AXLE THIRD PART Forpurposes of thisanalysis, thework has been distinguished by the type of institution reported:

  47. The CPAL: INTERSECTORAL AXLE THIRD PART • CATEGORIES OF PEOPLE: • Institutions of Educational and Social Sector work with 4 categories of people while the Pastoral Sector Parishes only report activities with first and second generation. • Institutions of Social Sector onlyserve displaced and deportedpeople.

  48. The CPAL: INTERSECTORAL AXLE THIRD PART HIGHLIGHTED TOPICS: • SOCIAL SECTOR INSTITUCIONS: • Social integration and cultural diversity • Human Rights and citinzenship • Bordertopics • Family • Lessreported: • Deportation, dismissal • Housekeepingworkers • EDUCATIONAL SECTOR INSTITUTIONS: • Structural causes • Bordertopics • MigrationPolicies • Migration and development • Human Rights / Citizenship • Lessreported: • Deportation, dismissal • Housekeepingwokers

  49. THIRD PART THE CPAL: INTERSECTORAL AXLE HIGHLIGHTED TOPICS: • PASTORAL • SECTOR • PARISHES: • Social integration and cultural diversity • Family • Other • Notreported: • Deportation, dismissal • Housekeepingworkers • Migration and development • Labor rights • MigrationPolicies • RELATED CIVIL ORGANIZATIONS: • Human Rights and accesstocitizenship • Social integration and cultural diversity • Family • Notreported: • Deportation, dismissal • Housekeepingworkers • Migration and development

  50. THIRD PART The CPAL: INTERSECTORAL AXLE AREAS OF INTERVENTION: • SOCIAL SECTOR INSTITUCIONS : • Social awareness • Mass media • Lobbying • Research / Campaigns • International Advocacy • Lessreported: • Legal • Organization of social movements. • EDUCATIONAL SECTOR INSTITUTIONS : • Research • Publications • Social awareness • International Advocacy • Lessreported: • Mass media • Organization of social movements.