Get the Facts: Nutrition Facts! Kimberly Kanechika, RD University of Hawaii, Cooperative Extension Service, Nutrition Education for Wellness Program Hawaii Child Care Nutrition Program
LOW FAT What does this all mean? Sugar Free % Daily Value
Overview • Nutrient Content Claims • Children < 2 years old • Nutrition Facts Label • Trans Fats • Daily Value • Health Claims • Whole Grains • Ingredients list • Food Allergens • Disclaimer statements
Nutrition Facts Calories Total Fat Saturated Trans Fat Whole Grain Crackers Cholesterol Sodium Total Carboh Dietary Fiber Sugars Protein Reduced Fat Ingredients: Enriched flour (wheat), oil, sugar, salt, preservatives.
Nutrient Content Claims • Definition • Free • Low • Reduced • Light or Lite
“Free” • Calories • < 5 calories • Total Fat, Saturated Fat, Sugar • < 0.5 grams • Cholesterol • < 2 milligrams • Sodium • < 5 miligrams
Calories < 40 calories Fat < 3 grams Saturated Fat < 1 gram Cholesterol < 20 milligrams Sodium < 140 milligrams Sugar Not defined “Low”
“Reduced” • Calories, Total Fat, Saturated Fat, Cholesterol, Sodium, Sugar • At least 25% less
“Light” or “Lite” • Calories • Calories reduced by 1/3 • Fat, Sodium • Fat or sodium reduced by 50%
Children Under 2 Years of Age • Claims describing the percentage of vitamins and minerals in a food in relation to a daily value • Claims on infant formulas • The terms "Unsweetened" and "Unsalted" as taste claims • “Sugar Free" and "No Added Sugar" claims on dietary supplements only”
Trans Fats • Liquid oil to solid fat • Occur naturally • Raises bad cholesterol
Daily Value • Based on a 2000 calorie diet • 5% or less = low • 20% or more = high
Daily Value • High in__________ • High in __________ • Low in __________ • Low in __________ • Low in __________ • Low in __________
Daily Value Sodium • High in __________ • High in __________ • Low in __________ • Low in __________ • Low in __________ • Low in __________ Calcium Vitamin A Vitamin C Iron Dietary Fiber
Other Nutrient Content Claims • Lean • Lean • Extra Lean • High Potency • High, Rich In, Excellent Source of • Good Source of, Contains, Provides • More, Added, Extra, Plus • Modified • Any Fiber Claims
Excellent Source Of… • Contains 20% or more of the Daily Value (DV) to describe protein, vitamins, minerals, dietary fiber, or potassium
Good Source Of… • Contains 10-19% of the Daily Value (DV) to describe protein, vitamins, minerals, dietary fiber, or potassium
Osteoporosis Calcium Vitamin D Neural Tube Defects Folic Acid Dental Caries Dietary carbohydrate sweeteners Coronary Heart Disease Saturated fat/Cholesterol Fiber, Soluble Fiber Soy Protein Plant sterol/Stanol esters Cancer Dietary fat Fiber Fruits/Vegetables Hypertension Sodium Health Claims http://www.fda.gov/Food/GuidanceComplianceRegulatoryInformation/GuidanceDocuments/FoodLabelingNutrition/FoodLabelingGuide/ucm064919.htm
Health ClaimsExample 1: Cereal • “Three grams of soluble fiber daily from whole grain oat foods, like Cheerios, in a diet low in saturated fat and cholesterol may reduce the risk of heart disease. Cheerios provides 1 gram per cup.”
Health ClaimsExample 2: Soymilk • “According to the FDA, 25 grams of soy protein a day, as part of a diet low in saturated fat and cholesterol, may reduce your risk of heart disease. A serving of Silk Vanilla contains 6.25 grams of soy protein.”
Bran Endosperm Germ Whole Grain
Brown Bread Wheat Bread Popcorn Oatmeal Corn Flakes _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ Is this a Whole Grain?
Brown Bread Wheat Bread Popcorn Oatmeal Corn Flakes No No Yes Yes Maybe Is this a Whole Grain?
Cereal 1 “Whole Grain” Ingredients: Whole grain wheat, sugar, high fructose corn syrup, gelatin Dietary Fiber: 6 g Cereal 2 “Good Source of Whole Grain” Ingredients: Whole grain corn, corn meal, sugar, corn starch, calcium carbonate, salt, malt syrup… Dietary Fiber: 1 g Which cereal is better?
Ingredients List • In order of weight or volume? • _____ • Common Name • Sugar verses sucrose • Explain Function • Ascorbic acid to promote color retention • Soy lecithin (emulsifier)
Ingredients List • In order of weight or volume? • Weight • Common Name • Sugar verses sucrose • Explain Function • Ascorbic acid to promote color retention • Soy lecithin (emulsifier)
Label Law • Food Allergen Labeling and Consumer Protection Act of 2004 • Effective: January 1, 2006 • Common Food Allergens
Common Food Allergens • __________ • __________ • __________ • __________ • __________ • __________ • __________ • __________
Common Food Allergens • Milk • Eggs • Fish (bass, flounder, cod) • Crustacean shellfish (crab, lobster, shrimp) • Tree nuts (almonds, walnuts, pecans) • Peanuts • Wheat • Soy beans
Clearly Identify Allergens • Example 1: • Ingr • Example 1: • Ingredients: Enriched flour (wheat flour, malted barley, niacin, reduced iron, thiamin mononitrate, riboflavin, folic acid), sugar, partially hydrogenated soybean oil, and/or cottonseed oil, high fructose corn syrup, whey (milk), eggs, vanilla, natural and artificial flavoring, salt, leavening (sodium acid pyrophosphate, monocalcium phosphate), lecithin (soy), mono- and diglycerides (emulsifier)
Clearly Identify Allergens • Example 2: • Ingredients: Enriched flour, sugar, partially hydrogenated soybean oil, and/or cottonseed oil, high fructose corn syrup, whey, eggs, vanilla, natural and artificial flavoring, salt, leavening (sodium acid pyrophosphate, monocalcium phosphate), lecithin, mono- and diglycerides (emulsifier) • Contains: Wheat, Milk, Eggs and Soy
Disclaimer Statements • May contain • Manufactured in the same facility • Manufactured on shared equipment • Cross contamination of ingredients
Disclaimer StatementsExample 1: Animal Crackers • May contain traces of peanuts and tree nuts Ingredients: Enriched flour (wheat flour, niacin, reduced iron, thiamine mononitrate [vitamin B1], riboflavin [vitamin B2], folic acid), sugar, partially hydrogenated soybean oil, high fructose corn syrup, salt, sodium bicarbonate (leavening), soy lecithin (an emulsifier), natural flavor, spices (nutmeg and mace), nonfat milk.
Disclaimer StatementsExample 2: Ramen Noodles • Manufactured in a facility that also processes milk, egg, peanuts and tree nut products Ingredients: Enriched flour (wheat flour, niacin, reduced iron, thiamine mononitrate, riboflavin, folic acid), vegetable oil (contains one or more of the following: canola oil, cottonseed oil, palm oil, rice oil), preserved by tocopherols and/or TBHQ and/or ascorbyl palmitate, salt, dehydrated vegetables (carrot, green pea), freeze-dried shrimp, soy sauce powder (wheat, soybeans, maltodextrin, salt), monosodium glutamate, hydrolyzed soy, corn and wheat protein, spices, caramel color, potassium carbonate, sodium carbonate...
Disclaimer StatementsExample 3: Noodles • This product is manufactured on equipment that processes products containing eggs Ingredients: semolina, durum flour, dried spinach, dried tomato, niacin, iron (ferrous sulfate), thiamine mononitrate, riboflavin, folic acid.
Disclaimer StatementsExample 4: Cereal • Corn used in this product contains traces of soybeans (cross contamination) Ingredients: Milled corn, rice, brown sugar, salt, malt flavoring, baking soda, ascorbic acid (vitamin C), iron, niacinamide, tumeric color, zinc oxide, pyridoxine hydrochloride (vitamin B6), riboflavin (vitamin B2), thiamine hydrochloride (vitamin B1), vitamin A palmitate, folic acid, vitamin B12 and vitamin D
Hives Flushed skin or rash Tingling or itchy sensation in the mouth Face, tongue, or lip swelling Vomiting and/or diarrhea Abdominal cramps Coughing or wheezing Dizziness and/or lightheadedness Swelling of the throat and vocal cords Difficulty breathing Loss of consciousness Allergic Reaction
Websites • Nutrition Facts Label • http://www.fda.gov/Food/ResourcesForYou/Consumers/NFLPM/ucm274593.htm • Trans Fat • http://www.fda.gov/Food/ResourcesForYou/Consumers/NFLPM/ucm274590.htm • Health Claims • http://www.fda.gov/Food/GuidanceComplianceRegulatoryInformation/GuidanceDocuments/FoodLabelingNutrition/FoodLabelingGuide/ucm064919.htm • Food Allergies • http://www.fda.gov/Food/ResourcesForYou/Consumers/ucm079311.htm • Tips to Eat More Whole Grains • http://www.choosemyplate.gov/food-groups/grains-tips.html
www.ctahr.hawaii.edu/new/hccnp Hawaii Child Care Nutrition Program 1955 East-West Road, #306 Honolulu, Hawaii 96822 email@example.com Phone: 956-4124 Fax: 956-6457