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Sources of EU Law

Sources of EU Law. Prof . dr . sc . Tamara Ćapeta Jean Monnet Chair Faculty of Law , University of Zagreb 2015. Systematization of Sources of EU Law. Primary Law (primarno pravo) Founding Treaties – TEU, TFEU ( Osnivački ugovori -UEU ; UFEU) General Principles of Law

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Sources of EU Law

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  1. Sourcesof EU Law Prof. dr. sc. Tamara Ćapeta JeanMonnetChair FacultyofLaw, Universityof Zagreb 2015

  2. SystematizationofSourcesof EU Law PrimaryLaw (primarno pravo) FoundingTreaties – TEU, TFEU (Osnivački ugovori -UEU; UFEU) General PrinciplesofLaw (Opća načela prava) SecondaryLaw (sekundarno pravo ) Actsof EU Institutions (Akti koje donose institucije EU) InternationalAgreements (Međunarodni sporazumi) CaseLaw (Sudska praksa)

  3. SecondaryLaw – whatcan EU decideabout? • Principle of Conferral (načelododijeljenihovlasti) • EU can decide only about the issues for which the member States empowered it; each act must have a legal basis in the Treaties • Principle of Subsidiarity (načelosupsidijarnosti) • In areas of shared competences • Principle of Proportionality (načeloproporcionalnosti) • Act should not be more restrictive from what is necessary for the achievement of regulatory goal

  4. Legal Basis -Pravni temelj • Treaty provision which confers power to the EU • Determines the type of act, the type of legislative procedure and the role of institutions

  5. Example: Article 46 TFEU “The European Parliament and the Council shall, acting in accordance with the ordinary legislativeprocedureand after consulting the Economic and Social Committee, issue directives or make regulationssetting out the measures required to bring about freedom of movement for workers, asdefined in Article 45, in particular: (…)”

  6. Legal Acts • LegallyBinding: • Regulations(Uredbe) • Directives (Direktive) • Decisions (Odluke) • Non-binding: • Recommendations (Preporuke) • Opinions (Mišljenja)

  7. DifferenceRegulation/Directive Regulation • Act of general application, binding in its entirety and directly applicable in Member States • Purpose: unification of law • Prohibition of its transposition into the sources of domestic law • Obligation of publication in the OJ • Preamble

  8. DifferenceRegulation/Directive Directives • Acts binding the Member States to which they are addressed as to the regulatory result, but leaving to States choice of form and methods of achieving such a result • Purpose: harmonization of law • Directives always require transposition into national law (even if they can have direct effects) • Obligation of publication in the OJ • Preamble

  9. Učinci pravnih normi EU u državama članicama – izravni učinak i nadređenost • Razlika : vertikalni i horizontalni izravni učinak (VerticalandHorizontalDirectEffect) • Direktive mogu imati samo vertikalni izravni učinak • Neke odredbe Ugovora (npr. Čl. 34. UFEU) također imaju samo vertikalni izravni učinak

  10. Legal effectof EU legal normsintheMemberStates • All EU legal normscanhavedirecteffect, undercertainconditions • Differencevertical-horizontaldirecteffect • Allnormshavingdirecteffect prime overcontrary national provisions • Allnormsof EU lawhaveinterpretativeeffects

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