More Effects.. SHORT TERM PSYCHOLOGICAL EFFECTS: - slowed reaction time - distorted sense of time -magical “random thinking” - paranoia - short term memory loss - anxiety and depression
Chronic Users… EFFECTS ON CHRONIC USERS: 4.8 fold increase of heart attack risk Due to increase heart rate - Older people are more vulnerable Irritant to lungs; respiratory problems Daily cough - Phlegm production Heightened risk of lung infections - Can worsen illness with patients w/ schizophrenia
Adolescent Brain Teen brains can be altered for life Can damage developing neural connections May interfere with developing perceptual skills; deficit in connections between brain areas for memory and learning Vulnerable and prone to addiction - Neuroadaptation
Addictive? Marijuana is addictive Long term marijuana users report: Irritability Sleeplessness - Decreased appetite - Anxiety - Drug craving
Medical Marijuana Not approved by FDA 2 reasons: - Not enough clinical trials that show marijuana benefits outweigh risks - Not well-defined; not consistent
Field Correspondant Appeal to Adolescents
Adolescent Appeal Kids start using marijuana when being surrounded by other users. Peer Pressure Media influence: internet, TV, radio, and magazines. Law enforcement agents have been focusing more attention upon other drugs. Marijuana has become more available today.
Adolescent Appeal Marijuana comes in different strains and edibles
Appeals Marijuana use is spreading to all social strata.
Appeals Students receive mixed signals about marijuana.
Appeals Perception on the use of marijuana by teens Claim: Teenagers and their use marijuana for therapeutic reasons, and their beliefs about the risks and benefits of the therapeutic use of marijuana. Conclusion: Marijuana is perceived by some teens to be the only available alternative for teens experiencing difficult health problems when medical treatments have failed or when they lack access to appropriate health care.
Appeals Inconclusive studies on the potential medical benefit of marijuana.
105 Peer-Reviewed Studies on Marijuana Involving Cannabis and Cannabis Extracts (1990 - 2012)
Appeals Ongoing debates among scientists, researchers, and authority figures whether or not marijuana should be legalized. Responses from 10 US Surgeons General and Their Views to question "Should marijuana be a medical option?"
2009-Present Regina M. Benjamin Not Clearly Pro or Con "There's evidence that shows that it's useful for medicine, but we need to investigate how to avoid the adverse effects of smoking marijuana." 2002-2006 Richard H. Carmona Not Clearly Pro or Con "Right now we can't answer all those questions [about risks and benefits] for marijuana... I've had some of my own patients over the years [giving me] anecdotal responses. We don't really know if it's a placebo effect, that is would they have had the same effect if they smoked a regular cigarette as opposed to marijuana?...”
1998-2002 David Satcher Con "… marijuana has a high potential for abuse, has no currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States, and has a lack of accepted safety for use under medical supervision." 1969-1973 Jesse L. Steinfeld Pro "It [marijuana] should be an option for patients who have it recommended by knowledgeable physicians. I don't recommend it for recreational use."
Appeals And the law among different states doesn’t help: Marijuana being legalized in 18 states and Washington, D.C. Nine States with Pending Legislation to Legalize Medical Marijuana
Marijuana In America The 1937 Marihuana Tax Act placed a tax on the sale of cannabis. Later made illegal by the U.S. Congress in the Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act of 1970.
Marijuana In America Of course, there was a little LSD use too. Woodstock One of the most famous music events in history, the 1969 event in Bethel, N.Y. brought together some 500,000 people for three days of peace, love, music and marijuana.
Marijuana In America Reefer Madness Released in 1936, displayed the dangers of the drug to warn parents and children of cannabis use. Current movies
Marijuana In California A special delivery to teachers out there: “A teacher can get a physician's recommendation to use marijuana”, Robert Lee Marshall, Chico Criminal Defense Attorney, “but could be fired for marijuana use.” Proposition 215 provides a defense against criminal charges, but it doesn't help for employment.
MARIJUANA vs. TOBACCO
Tobacco Health Risks The risk of developing lung cancer is about 23 times higher among men who smoke cigarettes and about 13 times higher among women who smoke cigarettes compared with never smokers Cigarette smoking increases the risk for many types of cancer, including cancers of the lip, oral cavity, pharynx, esophagus, pancreas, larynx (voice box), lung, uterine cervix, urinary bladder, and kidney. Smoking causes about 90% of lung cancer deaths in men and almost 80% in women
Tobacco Health Risks Today, more than 600,000 middle school students and 3 million high school students smoke cigarettes. Every day, more than 1,200 people in this country die due to smoking.
Marijuana & Tobacco Study concluded that regular smoking of marijuana by young adults is associated with significant airway inflammation that is similar in frequency, type, and magnitude to that observed in the lungs of tobacco smokers.
Marijuana & Tobacco International reports have found specific links between smoking both tobacco and marijuana, such as: Many people who try marijuana have previously smoked tobacco. Many current marijuana smokers are also current cigarette smokers. Early onset of tobacco use may act as a "gateway" to future marijuana use. Nicotine dependence can develop if tobacco is used in combination with marijuana.
Live Above the Influence Above the Influence was created for the National Youth Anti-Drug Media Campaign Goal: to help teens stand up to the negative pressure and influences regarding drugs and alcohol Above the Influence provides youth and young adults with the facts, commercial ads, and inspirational stories by others like them
Live Above the Influence Above the Influence also allow youths to engage in this movement by expressing themselves through personal memoirs and art
Trends on Smoking and Anti-Smoking Policies In 2002, 46% of the public believed that advertising of tobacco products should not be allowed at all, up from 38% in 1992. In 2002, only 12% of the public felt that tobacco advertising should always be allowed, compared to 20% in 1992. Forty-two percent of the public supported a complete restriction on restaurant smoking in 1992, compared to 64 percent by 2007. 17 percent of the public supported a total ban of smoking in workplaces in 1987. This figure rose to 44 percent by July 2007.
Views on Harmfulness of Marijuana and Tobacco 12th Graders Regular use of marijuana 78.6% in 1991 44.1% in 2012 Smoke one or more pack of Cigs per day 78.2% in 2012 General increase in since study started in 1975 (51.3%)
Views on Disapproval of Marijuana and Tobacco 12th Graders Regular use of marijuana 91.0% in 1990 77.8% in 2012 Smoke one or more pack of Cigs per day 83.7% in 2012 General increase in views since study started in 1975 (67.5%)