SOURCES OFENVIRONMENTAL CONFLICTS Prof.dr. Andjelka MIHAJLOV firstname.lastname@example.org
ENVIRONMENT • Air • Water • Soil • Biota • Sustainable use of natural resources (mandatory)
…. • With sub circles: • National security / defense / country internal conflicts • Foreign policy / politics / peace keeping • Democracy • Human security / humanitarian actions • Global environmental stability (proper management / mismanagement)
The main environmental conflict causes • Interdependence of different subsystems of environmental security • Scarce natural resources • Goal incapability • Communication / data failures, individual differences, poorly designed reward system and not proper understanding of issues
and new perspective • Political allies are not always environmental allies • Political stability is influencing environmental management / mismanagement and vise versa • Environmental conflicts are having some characteristics of terrorism (for example, not knowing who is the enemy, and what are conflict targets) • Environmental security is politically neutral issue? Specially in countries with economy in transition?
and view • It is continuous need to support environmental security in SEE / Western Balkan countries as the tool for prevention on further possible conflicts and instrument for long-term conflicts solutions • Environmental security is challenge
Four steps guide to managing environmental conflict • Make the environmental conflict visible • How? • Identify common environmental and security goals • Clarify, sort and value differences • Gain commitment to change
Choose in resolving environmental conflicts….. Avoidance (not addressing the conflict, environmental diplomacy,…) Accepting the other party’s / sector view Win with power a conflict Do the compromise, each party gives up, lose/lose Collaboration / win/win- views of all parties / sectors included in solution