INTERIOR PLANTS “Plant Families”Lamiaceae to Liliaceae
LAMIACEAE • Also known as Labiatae • Opposite leaves, square stems and frequently have essential oils that are fragrant • Used for ornamentation, flavor and medicinal use • Over 200 genera and 3200 species
LAMIACEAE • Swedish Ivy exhibits the square stems and opposite leaves of this family.
LEEACEAE • Monogeneric (one genus in the family) • Previously included in the Vitaceae family but differ by not having tendrils to attach with • Terminal flowers with fruit as a berry
LEEACEAE • Leea is an attractive plant for use as a medium sized foliage plant.
LILIACEAE • Herbs, trees, and vines that frequently are bulbous • Strap-like leaves with parallel veination • 6-merous • Superior ovary • Closely related to Amaryllidaceae
LILIACEAE • The Dragon Tree has the classic strap-like leaves and parallel venation of the family.
INTERIOR PLANTS “Plant Families”Malvaceae to Orchidaceae
MALVACEAE • Mallow Family • Alternate, simple leaves that are lobed • Showy flowers that are 5-merous • Stamen form a column in the center of the flower • Capsule fruit • Ornament, fiber, and food
MALVACEAE • The Hibiscus is an excellent example of the stalked column of stamens in the center of the flower.
MARANTACEAE • Arrowroot Family • Rhyzomatous or tuberiferous perennials • Sheathing stems with pinnate veination • Showy leaves with a feather pattern and metallic coloration • May be stemless
MARANTACEAE • Calatheas are often misnamed Maranta. They illustrate the feather-like foliage and metallic coloration.
MORACEAE • Mulberry or Fig Family • Alternate leaves with inconspicuous flowers • Milky latex • Grown for foliage, rubber, and edible fruit
MORACEAE • The India Rubber Tree has the latex sap common to this family.
MUSACEAE • Banana Family • Stout stems similar to the trunk of a tree • Unbranched • Large, alternate leaves that are entire • Exotic flowers • 5 genera and 150 species • Ornament, cut flowers, food
MUSACEAE • The Bird of Paradise has the exotic flowers characteristic of this family.
NYCTAGINACEAE • The Four O’Clock Family • Native to warm regions of the Americas • Unusual flower structure • Simple leaves with bracts • May be armed • Over 30 genera and 300 species
NYCTAGINACEAE • The Paper Flower is a show stopper with the attractive flowers and foliage.
ORCHIDACEAE • Terrestrial or epiphytic • Thick, fleshy leaves that are entire and simple • Parallel veination • Irregular flowers that are highly specialized • Thickened roots / pseudobulbs • Sympodial or monopodial growth
ORCHIDACEAE • This is the largest flowering plant family and is characterized by unusual flower structure.
INTERIOR PLANTS “Plant Families”Palmaceae to Primulaceae
PALMACEAE • Previously the Palmae Family • Evergreen tree like plants that are woody • Leaves are stiff and have parallel veins • Fan or feather-like leaves called fronds • Unbranched stem • Difficult to identify
PALMACEAE • The Areca Palm is one of the most popular indoor palms.
PANDANACEAE • Screw-Pine Family • Tree-like to climbing evergreens • Long, stiff, armed leaves, • Pineapple-like fruit and inconspicuous flowers • Most have prop-roots or stilt-roots
PANDANACEAE • The Screw-pine is a durable indoor plant with marginal spines along the edges of the foliage.
PIPERACEAE • Pepper Family • Trees, shrubs, herbs, or climbers • Fleshy leaves that are broad and frequently have pellucid dots • Spikes or racemes of flowers • Sometimes succulent stems
PIPERACEAE • The Peperomia is an example of the succulent plants found in this family.
POLYPODIACEAE • Common Fern Family or Oak-Fern Family • Foliage is fronds with net veination • Sporangia on the back of the leaves • No trunk • Most rhizomatous • Largest fern family
POLYPODIACEAE • The staghorn Fern has a distinctive growth habit and demonstrates the variability of the family.
PORTULACACEAE • Purslane Family • Native to the Americas • Mostly prostrate and glabrous • Leaves entire • Used for ornamentation • 20 genera and 220 species
PORTULACACEAE • Elephant bush is a very slow growing but attractive succulent.
PRIMULACEAE • Northern hemisphere for origin • Regular, showy flowers that are usually attractive • Variable flowers on spikes, racemes, panicles or solitary in leaf axils • 5-merous
PRIMULACEAE • The Cyclamen is an excellent example the showy flowers found in this family.
INTERIOR PLANTS “Plant Families”Saxifragaceae to Zinggiberaceae
SAXIFRAGACEAE • The Stone-break Family • Slow growing • Leaves and flowers are quite variable • Mountain species are able to break rocks with their roots • Similar to the Rosaceae family but fewer stamens
SAXIFRAGACEAE • The Strawberry Begonia has the plantlets on the ends of runners like strawberry plants have.
URTICACEAE • The Nettle Family • Found mainly in the tropics • Leaves are variable in shape and attachment • Flowers are small and inconspicuous • May have stinging hairs
URTICACEAE • Baby Tears is an example of the small foliage frequently seen in this family.
VITACEAE • The Grape Family • Woody vines from temperate to tropical regions • Climb by means of tendrils • Attractive foliage • 11 genera and 600 species
VITACEAE • Grape Ivy is an attractive low light plant for hanging baskets.
ZINGIBERACEAE • The Ginger Family • Exotic flowers often used as cuts • May be grown for flavor or ornamentation • Cane-like stems and sheathing leaves • May be rhizomatous
ZINGIBERACEAE • The Torch Ginger is a bright addition to high light areas.