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Adrenal Gland Cortex

Adrenal Gland Cortex

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Adrenal Gland Cortex

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  1. Adrenal Gland Cortex Produces steroid hormones only Hormones produced are Cortisol and aldosterone

  2. Hormones • Aldosterone- released when there are low slat levels in the blood. • The release of aldosterone activates the MR (mineralocorticoid receptor) gene. • The MR Stimulates the kidney to reabsorb and retain salt from the urine to be put back into the body • This salt level is needed to maintain the charge across neurons • Cortisol– released when glucose levels in the blood are low or in response stress • maintains nutritional well being • Aids in fat, protein, and carbohydrate metabolism • Reduces inflammation • Aided in “fight or flight” with gluconeogenesis • To much stress (high cortisol levels) causes abdominal fat, decrease in muscle tissue, suppressed thyroid function, and high blood pressure