Living and Learning in a Global CommunityInnovative Schools Virtual University
Housekeeping • Paperless handouts- coming • http://bit.ly/fODNEnSheryl Nussbaum-Beach Co-Founder & CEO Powerful Learning Practice, LLChttp://email@example.comPresident21st Century Collaborative, LLChttp://21stcenturycollabrative.com
Driving Questions What are you doing to contextualize and mobilize what you are learning? How will you leverage, how will you enable your teachers or your students to leverage- collective intelligence?
. Lead Learner Native American Proverb “He who learns from one who is learning, drinks from a flowing river.” Sarah Brown Wessling, 2010 National Teacher of the Year Describes her classroom as a place where the teacher is the “lead learner” and “the classroom walls are boundless.”
6 Trends for the digital age Analogue Digital Tethered Mobile Closed Open Isolated Connected Generic Personal Consuming Creating Source: David Wiley: Openness and the disaggregated future of higher education
Connected Learning The computer connects the student to the rest of the world Learning occurs through connections with other learners Learning is based on conversation and interaction Stephen Downes
What does it mean to be a connected learner with a well developed network? What are the advantages or drawbacks? How is it a game changer? Photo credit: Alec Couros
Dispositions and Values Inclination toward being open minded Dedication to the ongoing development of expertise Creation of a culture of collegiality- believing that "None of us is as good as all of us" and that the contributions of all can lead to improved individual practice Willingness to be a co-learner, co-creator, and co-leader Willingness to leaving one's comfort zone to experiment with new strategies and taking on new responsibilities Commitment to understanding gained through listening and asking good questions related to practice Perseverance toward deep thought by exploring ideas and concepts, rethinking, revising, and continual repacking and unpacking, resisting urges to finish prematurely Courage and initiative to engage in discussions on difficult topics Alacrity to share and contribute Desire to be transparent in thinking
Define Community Define Networks
A Definition of Community Communities are quite simply, collections of individuals who are bound together by natural will and a set of shared ideas and ideals. “A system in which people can enter into relations that are determined by problems or shared ambitions rather than by rules or structure.” (Heckscher, 1994, p. 24). The process of social learning that occurs when people who have a common interest in some subject or problem collaborate over an extended period to share ideas, find solutions, and build innovations. (Wikipedia)
Community... ...has been defined as a group of interacting people living in a common location. What are the characteristics of distributed learning communities? Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010 In the digital age, common location is not as important as common interest. http://www.psfk.com
A Definition of Networks From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Networks are created through publishing and sharing ideas and connecting with others who share passions around those ideas who learn from each other. Networked learning is a process of developing and maintaining connections with people and information, and communicating in such a way so as to support one another's learning. Connectivism (theory of learning in networks) is the use of a network with nodes and connections as a central metaphor for learning. In this metaphor, a node is anything that can be connected to another node: information, data, feelings, images. Learning is the process of creating connections and developing a network.
Making connections In connectivism, learning involves creating connections and developing a network. It is a theory for the digital age drawing upon chaos, emergent properties, and self organised learning. (It’s not what you know, or who you know- but do you know what who you know- knows? ) cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2009 Source: Wikipedia http://www.pestproducts.com
“Understanding how networks work is one of the most important literacies of the 21st Century.” - Howard Rheingold http://www.ischool.berkeley.edu
Open Networks If ... information is recognized as useful to the community ... it can be counted as knowledge. The community, then, has the power to create knowledge within a given context and leave that knowledge as a new node connected to the rest of the network’. – Dave Cormier (2008) Practitioners’ knowledge = content & context
Professional Learning Communities The driving engine of the collaborative culture of a PLC is the team. They work together in an ongoing effort to discover best practices and to expand their professional expertise. PLCs are our best hope for reculturing schools. We want to focus on shifting from a culture of teacher isolation to a culture of deep and meaningful collaboration. FOCUS: Local , F2F, Job-embedded- in Real Time
Communities of Practice FOCUS: Situated, Synchronous, Asynchronous- Online and Walled Garden
Personal Learning Networks FOCUS: Individual, Connecting to Learning Objects, Resources and People – Social Network Driven
Do it Yourself PD as Self Directed Connected Learners Communities Of Practice DIY-PD PersonalLearningNetworks F2F Teams "Rather than belittling or showing disdain for knowledge or expertise, DIY champions the average individual seeking knowledge and expertise for him/herself. Instead of using the services of others who have expertise, a DIY oriented person would seek out the knowledge for him/herself." (Wikipedia, n.d.)
Community is the New Professional Development Cochran-Smith and Lytle (1999a) describe three ways of knowing and constructing knowledge that align closely with PLP's philosophy and are worth mentioning here. Knowledge for Practice is often reflected in traditional PD efforts when a trainer shares with teachers information produced by educational researchers. This knowledge presumes a commonly accepted degree of correctness about what is being shared. The learner is typically passive in this kind of "sit and get" experience. This kind of knowledge is difficult for teachers to transfer to classrooms without support and follow through. After a workshop, much of what was useful gets lost in the daily grind, pressures and isolation of teaching. Knowledge in Practice recognizes the importance of teacher experience and practical knowledge in improving classroom practice. As a teacher tests out new strategies and assimilates them into teaching routines they construct knowledge in practice. They learn by doing. This knowledge is strengthened when teachers reflect and share with one another lessons learned during specific teaching sessions and describe the tacit knowledge embedded in their experiences.
Community is the New Professional Development Knowledge of Practice believes that systematic inquiry where teachers create knowledge as they focus on raising questions about and systematically studying their own classroom teaching practices collaboratively, allows educators to construct knowledge of practice in ways that move beyond the basics of classroom practice to a more systemic view of learning. I believe that by attending to the development of knowledge for, in and of practice, we can enhance professional growth that leads to real change. Cochran-Smith, M., & Lytle, S.L. (1999a). Relationships of knowledge and practice: Teaching learning in communities. Review of Research in Education, 24, 249-305. Passive, active, and reflective knowledge building in local (PLC), global (CoP) and contextual (PLN) learning spaces.
Virtual Community A virtual space supported by computer-based information technology, centered upon communication and interaction of participants to generate member-driven content, resulting in relationships being built up. (Lee & Vogel, 2003)
Looking Closely at Learning Community Design 4L Model (Linking, Lurking, Learning, and Leading) inspired by John Seeley Brown http://learningcircuits.blogspot.com/2006/06/roles-in-cops.html This model is developed around the roles and interactions members of a community have as participants in that community.
Kollock’s 4 Motivations for Contributing • Reciprocity • Reputation • Increased sense of efficacy • Attachment to and need of a group
Reputation What's the motivation of behind these people actually interacting and participating? … people want to share with the community what they believe to be important …. and they want to see their name in lights.They want to see their little icon on the front page, their username on the front page, so other people can see it.
Connection cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010 http://i.imwx.com
Communication cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010
Collaboration Connection Celebration Communication User Generated Content Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010
“A tribe needs a shared interest and a way to communicate.” Internet tribes “Twitter and blogs ... contribute an entirely new dimension of what it means to be a part of a tribe. The real power of tribes has nothing to do with the Internet and everything to do with people.” cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010
Tribes “The internet eliminates geography. This means that there are now more tribes: smaller tribes, influential tribes, and tribes that could never have existed before.” ~ Seth Godin cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010 http://nedgrace.files.wordpress.com
Is learning simply about gaining knowledge...? cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010 www.newmediamusings.com
cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010 ... or making connections?
The New Third Place? “All great societies provide informal meeting places, like the Forum in ancient Rome or a contemporary English pub. But since World War II, America has ceased doing so. The neighborhood tavern hasn't followed the middle class out to the suburbs...” -- Ray Oldenburg
Motivations • Social connectedness • Psychological well-being • Gratification • Collective Efficacy
Connected Learning Communities provide the personal learning environment (PLE) to do the nudging
Become an expert Become a mentor Write a blog Ask a question (with attribution) Comment (with attribution) Level of engagement Register Comment (Anonymously) Waxing and Waning Interest Browse, search, learn (Anonymously) Type of engagement Levels of engagement
Presence Sharing Reputation Identity Groups Conversations Relationships Strategize a community exercise