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Engineers and IT- Specialists to Germany Anita Paluszek, Sabine Seidler

Engineers and IT- Specialists to Germany Anita Paluszek, Sabine Seidler

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Engineers and IT- Specialists to Germany Anita Paluszek, Sabine Seidler

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  1. Engineers and IT-Specialists to GermanyAnita Paluszek, Sabine Seidler Padova/Trento 22.05. – 24.05.2013

  2. Contents • ZAV – your partner in recruitment • The German Labor Market – most demanded professions • The Labor Market for Engineers and IT-experts in Germany • Working as an engineer in Germany – salaries, taxes and contributions to the social security system • Looking for jobs in Germany • How to apply at a German company • Special programs supporting foreign jobseekers • Useful Links

  3. International Placement Service (ZAV) • ZAV is part of the German Public Employment Services • 160 local job centers nationwide and the ZAV as a special unit • Assistance and placement worldwide for academics and specialists - from Germany into other countries or from other countries into Germany. • Services for employers to recruit staff abroad – in cooperation with international networks, including the European Employment Services (EURES) • The ZAV provides information and gives advice in order to enable jobseekers to help themselves.

  4. The German Labour Market – level of the unemployment rate (March 2012, February and March 2013) Living & Working in Germany, International Placement Services, ZAV Bonn

  5. The German Labour Market – Identifying the demand The guideline for ZAV’s activities: The “Engpassanalyse” = a list of most demanded occupations issued by the German National Employment Services (Bundesagentur für Arbeit), updated twice a year You will find further information here: http://www.make-it-in-germany.com/en/working/which-occupations-are-in-demand/scientists-it-specialists/ http://statistik.arbeitsagentur.de/nn_4236/Statischer-Content/Statistische-Analysen/Interaktive-Visualisierung/ Engpassanalyse/Engpassanalyse.html

  6. The German Labour Market “Engpassanalyse” abstract of the analysis: professions in engineering and IT

  7. Engineers in Germany – Facts and Figures • Labour market and the employment of engineers was stable during the economic crisis in 2008 / 2009 – many jobs have been saved by supporting employers • Germany has about 830.000 working engineers • 55% work in the industrial sector • 2009: 53.000 engineers graduated from German universities 2011: 69.737 engineers graduated from German universities • Increasing but still too small number of yearly graduates (app. 12,000 missing per year)

  8. Engineers in Germany – Facts and Figures • High rate of retirement expected • more than 40% of all employed engineers are 45 years old and older • app. 100,000 engineers will retire within the next 10 years • large number of vacancies • Long duration to fill vacancies: average 93 days • App. 80% unlimited contracts, 20% temporary contracts

  9. Local shortage of engineers in mechanical and automotive engineering June 2012 and December 2012 December 2012 June 2012 Arbeitsmarktberichterstattung@arbeitsagentur.de Datenquelle: Statistik der Bundesagentur für Arbeit

  10. Labour Market for Engineers in Germany • in automotive and mechanical engineering • in mechatronics, electronics and in the energy sector • in metal construction and welding technology • in research and technological development (RTD) • in CAD engineering, in the engineering design department and in model making • in waste management and supply engineering • Additionally to working at companies directly, there are many vacancies at the following kind of employers as well: • Temporary work agencies (25%) • Engineering (consultancies) offices (20%) • Public sector (15%)

  11. Local shortage of IT-experts (Comp. Science, SW-Development, IT-Consultants)June 2012 and December 2012 December 2012 June 2012 Arbeitsmarktberichterstattung@arbeitsagentur.de Datenquelle: Statistik der Bundesagentur für Arbeit

  12. Labour Market for IT-experts in Germany German employers are mainly looking for • IT-Experts in computer science • IT-Experts for IT application consultancy • IT-Experts for SW development and programming

  13. Local shortage of engineers (in mechanical, automotive and electronic engineering) and IT-experts – December 2012 Computer Science, Software-development, IT-Consulting Engineers in Mechatronics, Energy Sector and Electronics Mechanical Engineers and Automotive Engineers Arbeitsmarktberichterstattung@arbeitsagentur.de Datenquelle: Statistik der Bundesagentur für Arbeit

  14. Salaries for Engineers • Employees in Germany receive a monthly gross salary. Usually employers indicate gross salaries in their job offers. • Contributions to social security and taxes are automatically deducted from the salary • Salaries depend on sector, employer (tariff commitment or not) and the candidate’s knowledge and work experience. • Average salaries are about 39.000 € for entry level positions and about 50.000 € for specialists after 3 or more years of experience

  15. Salaries for Engineers, period of first 6 months (2012) Sector entry level (€) Mechanical Engineering 42.000 Automotive Engineering (Car Production) 45.000 Automotive Engineering (Parts Production) 42.000 Electronic Engineering 40.000 Energy Supply 36.000 Engineering consultancies/Offices 40.000 Information Technology 40.000 Links: http://www.vdi.de/karriere/gehaelter/ http://www.ingenieurkarriere.de/bewerberservice/beratung/gehaltscheck/gehaltscheck.asp

  16. Deductions from the salary Social Security System - 2013: Health Insurance 15,5 % (employee 8,2 %, employer 7,3 %) Unemployment Insurance 3,0 % (employee 1,5 %, employer 1,5 %) Pension Plan 18,9 % (employee 9,45%, employer 9,45%) Long-Term Care Insurance 2,3 % (employee 1,275%, employer 1,025%) Work Accident Insurance paid by employer Registration to the social insurance system is made by the employer Living & Working in Germany, International Placement Services, ZAV Bonn

  17. Deductions from the salary Taxation • Income tax  14 % - 42 % (Depending on income and marital status) • 42% starting with an anual single income of 52.822 EUR • Church tax  8 % - 9 % of the income tax • Solidarity tax  5,5 % of the income tax • Automatically deducted from the salary

  18. Project-Engineer in the Automotive Sector, up to 2 years work experience, single, no kids, in Bavaria, tax class 1, 40 h-week - Sample Salary Statement 2013: Living & Working in Germany, International Placement Services, ZAV Bonn

  19. Project-Engineer in the Automotive Sector, 3 and more years of work experience, single, no kids, in NRW, tax class 1, 40 h-week - Sample Salary Statement 2013: Living & Working in Germany, International Placement Services, ZAV Bonn

  20. Looking for jobs in Germany German companies (global players) - well known worldwide: Mercedes Benz, BMW, SIEMENS, Volkswagen, BASF, BAYER You should not think of those big companies exclusively when it comes to looking for looking for jobs in Germany. There are good reasons to turn to small or medium sized companies and see what they can offer ! (KMU = kleine und mittelständische Unternehmen) Living & Working in Germany, International Placement Services, ZAV Bonn

  21. Looking for jobs in Germany German companies among the world champions in the global market mainly belong to the following branches : • Machine-building Industry, • Car production and Car parts • Electrical Industry/High-Tech There are about 1.500 German companies in total and among them there are 1.400 companies belonging to the group of smaller or medium sized companies !!!! Living & Working in Germany, International Placement Services, ZAV Bonn

  22. Looking for jobs in Germany You can find all of our job offers on the following websites: • 1. Official website of the Federal Employment Agency: - www.arbeitsagentur.de ( JOBBÖRSE ) • 2. Go to "JOBBÖRSE” • 3. Click on “Direkt zur JOBBÖRSE”. Then choose your language with the “Sprachen” dropdown menu, which is located in the very top line of this website • 4. Type your desired profession into the search engine space provided • 5. Choose a region within Germany in which you wish to find your future job. Type in the name of a city into the corresponding space to narrow down the search onto a specific region – then you can search for all available job offers in that area by clicking the button

  23. www.arbeitsagentur.de Click on „Jobbörse“ Youcan find all ofourjoboffers on thefollowingwebsites: Enter yourkeywords

  24. www.arbeitsagentur.de Thiswebsite also enablesyoutouploadyour CV. Pleasenotethatto do so German languageskillsarenecessary! First create an account atourdatabase… Enregisteryour details… Upload a German versionofyour CV! Pleasekeep in mindthatmostemployersrequireapplicantstospeak German

  25. Financial support for jobseekers – „The Job of my Life“ • financial support is limited to occupations listed as most demanded • age limits : 18-35 years • the program is operated by the ZAV exclusively • main goals of the „The Job my Life“: 1. help granting freedom of movement within the EU 2. fight the high level of unemployment among the youth in the EU 3. facilitate integration into the German labor market Living & Working in Germany, International Placement Services, ZAV Bonn

  26. Financial support for jobseeking engineers - MobiProEU The following benefits can be applied for as a preparation for or during qualified employment in a bottleneck or shortage occupation: • funding of a German language course in the country of origin • travel allowance for the journey to a job interview • moving expenses allowance when employment is taken up • funding or provision of an extra-occupational and job-related German language course or a full-time language course in Germany, in particular for health occupations Please feel free to download a pdf-file with further information on the following website: http://www.thejobofmylife.de/en/good-to-know/funding-index.html Living & Working in Germany, International Placement Services, ZAV Bonn

  27. MobiProEU Download

  28. Additional Websites for further Information This website also features a search engine to help you find jobs in Germany. Official website of the EURES - Portal: • www.eures.europa.eu Formoreinformation on livingandworking in Germany check links below: • http://www.ba-auslandsvermittlung.de/deutschland • http://www.br-online.de/alpha/deutschklasse/alltag/arbeitserlaubnis.shtml • http://www.mpibpc.mpg.de/data/mitarbeiter/leitfaden_auslaender.html • http://www.deutschland.de • http://www.justlanded.com • http://www.tatsachen-ueber-deutschland.de • http://www.deutsche-sozialversicherung.de • http://www.fuer-ein-lebenswertes-land.bmas.de/sites/generator/30758/

  29. Living and Working in Germany Download our latest brochure: „Germany. Right in the middle of it – Living and working in the heart of Europe“ Information, advice, best practice of employees. www.zav.de > Arbeiten in Deutschland > find pdf-files there in German or English

  30. ZAV – International Placement Service and EURES Germany Zentrale Auslands- und Fachvermittlung (ZAV) International Placement Service (ZAV) Team Incoming Bonn, Federal Republic of Germany Hotline: 0049 228-713-2131 E-mail: incoming1@arbeitsagentur.de www.zav.de/ arbeiten-in-deutschland www.ec.europa.eu/eures The Service of ZAV is free of charge!

  31. Thank you for your attention ! See you in Germany !