First Stages of Industrialization An Early Russian Factory
Weak Economy 1905 Russian Rubles
Extensive Foreign Investments & Influence Building the Trans-Siberian RR[Economic benefits only in a few regions.]
Russo-Japanese War [1904-1905] The “Yellow Peril”
Treaty of Portsmouth [NH] - 1905 President Theodore Roosevelt Acts as the Peacemaker [He gets the Nobel Peace Prize for his efforts.]
1905 Revolution Background Results In 1904/05 Russia and Japan fought for control of Korea and Manchuria The Tsar expected a quick victory Russia suffered defeats on Land and sea. Japan destroyed the Russian Navy Tsar becomes more unpopular Russia is humiliated Government seen to be weak and incompetent Conditions for the people get worse price rises food shortages and unemployment War with Japan
Unrest Among the Peasants & Urban Working Poor Father Georgi Gapon:Leader of the People OR Police Informer?
Bloody SundayJanuary 22, 1905 The Czar’s Winter Palace in St. Petersburg
1905 Revolution Events Results Jan 1905 200,00 unarmed workers march to the Winter Palace Demands - Better living and working conditions - end to war - a parliament Soldiers fire on crowd killing 500 Tsar undermined in the eyes of the people Support grows for revolutionaries set off a wave of riots, strikes and murders Bloody Sunday
The Battleship Potemkin Mutiny [June, 1905] • Sailors on the battleship Potemkin were protesting against being served rotten meat – led to captain of the Potemkin ordering leaders of the mutiny to be shot. • Instead of shooting the mutineers, the firing squad joined the rest of crew and threw the officers overboard. • The crew sailed out of Russia to Romania, fearing they would be attacked by other Russian battleships, but although ordered to destroy the Potemkin, the sailors on the other ships were unwilling.
Exercise Do a mind map of the causes of the 1905 Revolution and show links between the reasons.