Lesson 12 day 2 You need your textbook, workbook, journal and pencil.
Phonics Part A knee knee -/n/ knob knob -/n/ gnaw gnaw -/n/ Can you find words with kn or gn? The gnome knelt to hide under the bed. The gnome knelt to hide under the bed. The knight knocked the gnat into the wall. The knight knocked the gnat into the wall.
Phonics • Words with silent letters such as letter pairs kn and gn can make spelling difficult. • There are no good ways to tell for sure which words are spelled with kn, gn, or n, to stand for /n/. • Most words use r, not wr, to stand for /r/. • Most words use f, not gh, to stand for /f/. • You will have to learn individual words that use kn, gn, wr, and gh.
Phonics • Which spelling looks right? • 1. Meg is _________________ a scarf for her mother. knitting gnitting nitting • knitting • 2. The bird flies _____________ for the summer and south for the winter. knorth gnorth north • north • 3. She _________________ all the words to my favorite song. Knows gnows nows • knows • 4. Try no to _____________ on your fingernails. knaw gnaw naw • gnaw • Choose 3 kn or gn spelling words. Use the words to write sentences in your journal.
Vocabulary • Open your Reading book to page 336. • Read the selection titled “Visiting Chile”.
translate If you translate something, you say or write it in another language. If you translate a letter, what are you doing to it? From what language would the guide in Chile translate?
repairs • When something needs repairs, it needs to be fixed. • Why does a car that has been in an accident need repairs? • Why were repairs needed in Santiago?
heaving • If you throw something heavy with great effort, then you are heaving it. • If the earth begins heaving, what might be happening? • Where could you see rocks heaving in Chile?
bothersome • Something is bothersome when it bothers you and causes problems. • What might a bothersome child be doing? • Do people in Chile think earthquakes are bothersome? Why or why not?
din • If there is a din, there is so much noise that it is hard to hear anything over it. • Is it easy to hear a din? Explain. • Why might earthquakes cause a din?
dodging • When you are dodging something, you avoid something that is coming toward you. • How would you move if you were dodging a ball? • What are rock climbers dodging when they climb?
catastrophe • A catastrophe is something really terrible that has happened. • The earthquake was a catastrophe for Max’s village. • Think of things that could be catastrophes. What could you do to help someone in a catastrophe?
mistaken • If you are wrong about something, you are mistaken. • The word is mistaken. • What is the word? • Raise your hand if you’ve ever been mistaken.
deciphered • If you have figured out a message that is difficult to understand or that is written in code, then you have deciphered it. • The word is deciphered. • What is the word? • deciphered
fortunate • If you are fortunate, you are very lucky. • Max was fortunate that no one in his family was hurt. • I felt fortunate when I won the raffle. Would you feel fortunate to lose something, or the find something you lost? • Think about something that makes you fortunate. Talk with a partner. Then, write one or two sentences in your notebooks about feeling fortunate.
Grammar: Singular and Plural Pronouns • A pronoun is a word that takes the place of a noun. • A singular pronoun replaces a singular noun, or a noun that names one person, place or thing. • I you he she me her him it • Matt threw it away. • It –stands for something Matt threw away • He ran to the store. • He – the name of a person such as Matt, or boy • Tom ate the pie. He ate it. • Anjali talked to Jane. She talked to her. • I asked Nyesha for help. I asked her for help.
“A Pen Pal for Max” • Realistic fiction has characters and events that are like people and events in real life. • Realistic fiction also has a setting that could be real and problems that characters might face in real life. • What are some examples of settings and problems that you might find in realistic fiction? • Remember that stories are organized in a particular way. The beginning introduces the characters, the setting, and sometimes the problem the main character faces. • The important events in the middle of the story lead to the solution of the character’s problem at the end.
“A Pen Pal for Max” • Turn in your Reading book to page 338. • We are going to read a story about a boy who lives on a fruit farm in Chile. • The title of our story is “A Pen Pal for Max”. The story is written by Gloria Rand and illustrated by Ted Rand. • A pen pal is a person who writes letters to someone else who lives far away. • What do you think Max will do in the story?
Plot Use this story map on Practice book page 101 to keep track of the plot and the story’s most important information as you read. Characters Setting PLOT Problem Important Events Solution S
Writing: Realistic Story • Realistic Story • Includes characters and settings that could be real • Includes events that could happen • Tells about a problem and how it is solved