INTRODUCTION Chandigarh is a city and Union Territory in India which serves as the capital of two states, Haryana and Panjab. It has been nicknamed as ‘City Beautiful’ owing to its internationally renowned architecture, urban design, lush green gardens and cleanliness. This dream city of India’s first Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru was planned by the famous French architect Le Corbusier, and is 60 years young!
Geography • Location: foothills of the Shivalik range of the Himalayas in northwest India. • Area :44.5 sq mi or 114 km² • Cartographic co-ordinates ofChandigarh: 30°44′N 76°47′E / 30.74°N 76.79°E. • It has an average elevation of 321 metres (1053 ft). Climate Chandigarh has a humid subtropical climate characterized by a seasonal rhythm: very hot summers, mild winters, unreliable rainfall and great variation in temperature (-1 °C to 41.2 °C). Winters in December and January are marked by dense fog. The average annual rainfall is 1110.7 mm. The city also receives occasional winter rains from the west.
Flora and Fauna • Most of Chandigarh is covered by dense banyan and eucalyptus plantations. Asoka, Cassia, Mulberry and other trees flourish in the forested ecosystem. • The city has forests surrounding it which sustain many animal and plant species like Deers, Sambars, Barking deers, Parrots, Woodpeckers.Sukhna Lake hosts a variety of ducks and geese, and attracts migratory birds from parts of Siberia and Japan in the winter season.
People & Lifestyle • People in Chandigarh are warm and friendly. Life in Chandigarh is peaceful largely due to the efficient administration. • This city houses a lot of senior citizens and retired Army personnel. • A considerable part of the population also includes students who come in to pursue higher studies.
Religion Gurudwara Chandigarh houses people belonging to different religious groups: Hindu, Buddhist, Sikh, Christian or Muslim. However, Hindus are the most dominant religious group inhabiting the city with a population of nearly 75%. They are followed by Sikhs forming about 20% of the total population. Minority groups include Buddhists, Christians, Jains and Muslims. But people in Chandigarh are secular in outlook and whole-heartedly celebrate all festivals. Temple Diwali-the festival of lights Mosque
CULTURAL • FESTIVALS • Apart from the various religious festivals, Chandigarh also has many cultural festivals which include: • The Rose Festival(Feb) • The Harvest Festival-Baisakhi(Apr) • The Mango Festival(Jun) • Teej-(Aug) during monsoons • Chandigarh Carnival-(Nov) • The Chrysanthemum Show-Dec • The Plaza Carnival-Every Saturday in the central plaza.
Tourist Attractions SUKHNA LAKE ROCK GARDEN CAPITOL COMPLEX LEISURE VALLEY
ECONOMY • The government is a major employer in Chandigarh with three governments having their base here • There are about 15 medium- to- large industries, including two in the Public sector. In addition Chandigarh has over 2500 units registered under small scale sector. • The important industries are paper manufacturing, basic metals and alloys and machinery. Other industries are relating to food products, sanitary ware, auto parts, machine tools, pharmaceuticals and electrical appliances • Three major trade promotion organizations Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce & Industry, (FICCI) the PHD Chamber of Commerce and Industry (PHDCCI) and the Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) have their offices in Chandigarh. Chandigarh IT Park (also known as Chandigarh Technology Park) is the city's attempt to break into the IT world • According to a survey, Chandigarh is ranked ninth in the top 50 cities identified globally as "emerging outsourcing and IT services destinations". Per capita income:99,262
Education There are numerous education institutions in Chandigarh. These range from private- and publicly-operated schools to colleges and the Panjab University. Many students from the neighboring states as well as foreign countries come to Chandigarh to pursue higher studies. Hence Chandigarh is emerging as one of the educational hubs of North India. , Panjab University Students Center, Panjab University
FOOD & CUISINE • Spicy • Use of oil and butter to a considerably high extent • Milk and Milk products commonly used
Hope you visit our city someday • Pictures courtesy • Vidhya Narayanan • Chd.gov.in