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Izaskun Astondoa Pirotecnia Astondoa,S.A.'s Manager and AFAPE's President

9th International Symposium on Fireworks . Berlín, Germany April 3-7, 2006. Europe Normalization: Utopia?. Izaskun Astondoa Pirotecnia Astondoa,S.A.'s Manager and AFAPE's President. Guillermo Rodriguez-Bronchú PIROVAL and AFAPE's Manager. Introduction.

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Izaskun Astondoa Pirotecnia Astondoa,S.A.'s Manager and AFAPE's President

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  1. 9th International Symposium on Fireworks Berlín, Germany April 3-7, 2006. Europe Normalization: Utopia? Izaskun Astondoa Pirotecnia Astondoa,S.A.'s Manager and AFAPE's President Guillermo Rodriguez-Bronchú PIROVAL and AFAPE's Manager

  2. Introduction Consumer fireworks of categories 1, 2 and 3 are those small firework items intended for personal use and which can be purchased over-the counter in many states. The retail value of fireworks in Spain is about €100m and has grown steadily over the last years. This activity is, normally, more supervised and regulated than manufacture or storage because all countries want to guarantee the proper and safe functioning of fireworks.

  3. Introduction Pyrotechnics Directive With the advent of the common market in 1993, the EC started preparing for a proposed Pyrotechnics Directive. Previosly, the European Committee for Standardization (CEN) was in hand on the preparation of a series of standards for individual types of fireworks. • There were obvious differences between the countries present in the committee. • 29 standards has been published, 7 more has been withdrawn due to no interests of more than 3 members or due to safety reasons. • The last time the committee hold a meeting was in 2005.

  4. Pyrotechnics Directive The availability of fireworks to consumers varies among European countries. Policies and legislation control their sale and use, the types of fireworks legally available, quantities consumed and the times when they are set off, reflecting the historical-cultural differences that exist between member sates. In this paper we would like to compare the current situation of countries. There are profound differences between north-european and Mediterranean countries, e.g. where the north-european countries consider noise as an inconvenience and limit the sound level of the fireworks or restrict their use, but south european countries try to make compatible traditions with a sensible use of them. We will compare the following countries: United Kingdom, Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Netherlands and Spain.

  5. United Kingdom Belgium Denmark Analysis 1. Policies • Regulated by the Explosives Act 1875 and the Explosives (Age of Purchase) Act 1976. • The Fireworks Act 1951 (containing powers to order the destruction of any fireworks considered to be dangerous when in the possession of the public). • The Fireworks (Safety) Regulations 1986 and the Consumer Protection Act 1987 . • Local Authority Trading Standard Officers have the authority under the Consumer Protection Act to test fireworks for safety in the hands of consumers. • Bristish Standard BS 7114 issued in 1988 covers the classification, specification, labelling, and methods for testing fireworks. • The Fireworks Act 2003, Fireworks Regulations 2004 (amendment), Fireworks Regulations (Safety) 1997 (amendment). • Fireworks legislation is laid down by the Ministry of Economic Affairs, Explosives Department, Article 265, 7 03.09.58 updated 07.01.66, list of permitted fireworks 03.11.58, explosives fireworks definition 26.01.66.. • The sale and use of fireworks is governed by the Statutory Order of Parliament 24th May 1972, and the recent amendment by the Statutory Order of 23rd October 1992.

  6. France Netherlands Germany Spain 1. Policies • The sale and use of fireworks is covered by Decree nº 90-897 1 October 1990. • The sale and use of fireworks in Germany is governed by the law on explosives, issued by the Ministry of the Interior. • The sale and use of fireworks is governed by the Fireworks Law 2002; regulation further requirements consumer fireworks 2004 • The basic law is the Explosives Law (Reglamento de Explosivos RD 230/1998) which lists requirements for manufacture, classification and transport, as well as sale.

  7. United Kingdom France Belgium Denmark 2. Classification

  8. Germany 2. Classification

  9. Netherlands Spain 2. Classification

  10. Spain 2. Classification

  11. United Kingdom Belgium France Denmark Germany 3. Sale and Use

  12. Netherlands Spain 3. Sale and Use

  13. 4. Age Restrictions UK France Germany Netherlands Spain Belgium Denmark

  14. Denmark United Kingdom Belgium Netherlands Spain Germany 5. Prohibitions • Rocket> 400g weight, and head of 60mm. • Hand-held fireworks • Friction ignited fireworks • Fireworks of erratic flight • Report fireworks • Fireworks of erratic flight • Mini rockets • Report batteries • Report combinations • Flash bangers • Roman candles >12mm. • Shells >30g nec. • Bangers with more than 2g of black powder. • Nec > 200g • Fireworks without an external visibly burning fuse • Fuse burning not between 3,0s to 6,0s • Friction bangers • Flash bangers

  15. 6. Special safety measures France Denmark K1 • No confusion with toys or food • K2 • Min height for shells and rockets 12m • K3 • Min height for shells and rockets 20m • Some fireworks (heksehyl) must have a green safety fuse. • Large fireworks articles (>150g) must have firing instructions

  16. European Committee for Standardization (CEN) 1993-2005 Published Standards

  17. Withdrawn standards Due to: (a) no interests of more than 3 members. (b) safety reasons

  18. A-deviations Published standards 6 6 2 1 1 4

  19. Conclusions The harmonisation of basic safety requirements for certain types of pyrotechnic articles, as well as for all those that can be used by non-specialist end users, would imply a high degree of safety in the use of these articles. However, the draft of the directive fails to comply with the fundamental requirement regarding the free circulation for goods in the internal market. This will result in articles with CE marking that comply with minimum safety requirements, in an internal market of free circulation, but which will be impossible to commercialise or use in northern European countries. We will be able to manufacture products that are safe but undesirable in some countries and yet, these products are manufactured in countries of the Mediterranean region, Italy, Portugal and Spain.

  20. Thank you very much ! We apology for all the mistakes you may have found in this paper Izaskun Astondoa izaskun@astondoapiroteknia.com Guillermo Rodríguez-Bronchú contacto@afape.org.es

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