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“Goodness of Fit” The FIRO-B can help to determine how good one fits in various situations and work environments and wit PowerPoint Presentation
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“Goodness of Fit” The FIRO-B can help to determine how good one fits in various situations and work environments and wit

“Goodness of Fit” The FIRO-B can help to determine how good one fits in various situations and work environments and wit

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“Goodness of Fit” The FIRO-B can help to determine how good one fits in various situations and work environments and wit

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  1. “Goodness of Fit”The FIRO-B can help to determine how good one fits in various situations and work environments and with various people

  2. Theory • Beyond our survival needs (food, safety, warmth, shelter) we have unique interpersonal needs that motivate us • We become uncomfortable and anxious when our “set point” is not being met • Schutz identified three needs (inclusion, control, and affection), and two levels (expressed and wanted) • The Six-Cell Model

  3. Results can be used to… • Show current interpersonal behavior and expectations • Raise questions about your satisfaction with these behaviors • Suggest alternative ways of behaving to increase your effectiveness

  4. Caution about Results…. • There are no good or bad results • Not a comprehensive personality test • Not a measure of abilities, career interests, or achievement • Hypotheses to be explored • You are responsible for interpreting the meaning • Must be considered in the overall context of your life • Results CAN be influenced significantly by situational variables, cultural differences, misunderstanding the terms, trying to avoid extreme responses, other pressures from the environment

  5. Assumptions • You’re not bound by your typical behaviors • Awareness of your tendencies allows you to choose whether a particular behavior is or is not appropriate at a certain time • Scores can change as you work to form new behaviors

  6. FIRO-B Stage I Interpretation Application to Your Personal and Work Life

  7. The Six-Cell Model

  8. Interpersonal Need One: Inclusion • Relates to forming new relations and associating with others in your life • How much attention, recognition, and contact you seek from others • Your relationships with groups, both small and large

  9. Interpersonal Need Two: Control • Relates to decision-making, influence and responsibility, and persuasion • The extent of power or dominance a person seeks • How much you want to lead others or want others to lead and influence you • Refers to one-on-one relationships and your behavior in groups

  10. Interpersonal Need Three: Affection • Relates to emotional ties and warm connections between people • The extent of closeness that a person seeks • Your need to establish comfortable, warm one-on-one relationships with others

  11. Characteristics Associated with the Three Needs

  12. Two dimensions Measured for Each Need

  13. Expressed Preference for initiating behaviorWhat you actually doCan be observed by others Wanted Preference for having others initiate What you really want May not be shown openly Expressed Wanted

  14. The Six-Cell Model

  15. For these Six Shaded Cells… • Low scores (0-2) suggest you do not prefer this behavior • Medium scores (3-6) suggest your preference for this behavior is moderate • High scores (7-9) suggest you have a strong preference for this behavior

  16. Expressed Expressed Inclusion: How often do you act in ways that encourage your participation in situations? Expressed Control: How often do you act in ways that help you direct or influence situations? Expressed Affection: How often do you act in ways that encourage warmth and closeness in relationships?

  17. Wanted Wanted Inclusion: How much do you want others to include you in their activities? Wanted Control: How much leadership and influence do you want others to assume? Wanted Affection: How much warmth and closeness do you want from others?

  18. Total Needs and Total Behavior Scores

  19. Low Overall Interpersonal Needs Score (0-15) • Need for interaction with others (I, A, C) is low • Interpersonal style is “cool” • Need privacy to do your best work • Work involves intense concentration and ideas • Prefer your own company, independent decision-making, small circle of friends, more “introverted” style

  20. Medium-Low Overall Interpersonal Needs Score (16-26) • Interaction with others (A, I, C) appeals to you on a select basis • Depends on the people and the context • Work effectively alone, or with others when objectives are focused • Concentrate on data and ideas with occasional discussions, presentations • More “introverted” than “extroverted”

  21. Medium-High Overall Interpersonal Needs Score (27-38) • Interacting with others is generally satisfying in all areas (A, I, C) • Work best with small groups and regular contacts • Consult others without relying on them for decision-making • Value teamwork & one-on-one relationships • Occasionally need alone time to think and reflect • More “extraverted” than “introverted”

  22. High Overall Interpersonal Needs Score (39-54) • Enjoy engaging frequently with others in all areas (A, I, C) • Seek out, work on, and enjoy warm interpersonal relationships • Work best in groups with interaction • Prefer shared decision-making • Very social, may not enjoy being alone • Extravert

  23. Total Needs and Total Behavior Scores

  24. Low Total Expressed and Low Total Wanted Interpersonal Behavior (0-7) • Low Expressed: you usually do not initiate activities with others; wait before speaking • Low Wanted: you usually do not want others to initiate activities; Value independence and want to rely on yourself; You do not expect much from others

  25. Medium Total Expressed and Medium Total Wanted Interpersonal Behavior (8-19) • Medium Expressed: sometimes you initiate activities with others, sometimes you don’t; it depends on the context and people involved • Medium Wanted: Sometimes you want others to initiate activities, sometimes you don’t; it depends on the context and people involved

  26. High Total Expressed and High Total Wanted Interpersonal Behavior (20-27) • High Expressed: You usually enjoy initiating activities with others; take action easily and social settings are great opportunities to express yourself • High Wanted: You usually like others to initiate activities; you rely quite a bit on others and are comfortable accepting their behaviors

  27. Comparing your Total Expressed and Total Wanted Behavior

  28. Low Total Need Scores (0-5) for Inclusion, Control, and Affection (bottom row) • For Inclusion: Indifferent to being with others, no matter who initiates it • For Control: Prefer less-structured situations and have a laid-back attitude toward authority – needing to neither give nor take orders • For Affection: prefer formal, business-like relationships

  29. Medium Total Need Scores (6-12) for Inclusion, Control, and Affection (bottom row) • For Inclusion: prefer balance between time alone and time with others, no matter who initiates it • For Control: prefer moderate amount of structure and clarity around authority • For Affection: prefer a realistic amount of warmth and closeness in 1-on-1 relationships, no matter who initiates

  30. High Total Need Scores (13-18) for Inclusion, Control, and Affection (bottom row) • For Inclusion: prefer being involved socially, no matter who initiates it • For Control: prefer structured situations with clear lines of authority and responsibility • For Affection: Like a lotof warmth and closeness in 1-on-1 relationships

  31. Look at the Highest and Lowest Total Need Score • Highest may be most important interpersonal need, and thus predominates your behavior and has the greatest impact on your relationships • Lowest may be the need you try most to ignore or are the most indifferent about

  32. Impressions You Create – How Do Others Perceive You?

  33. Impressions Others Make on You

  34. Questions for Self-Exploration • Do these scores seem to represent an accurate picture of who you really are? • Can you think of specific examples of the behavior described? • In what ways do the scores not represent important ways you behave? • Do the results suggest ways that others see you that you might want to change? • What can the results tell you about the way you act in trying to fulfill your needs for being part of a group? For control? For close relationships?